Abstract library

762 results for "Cancer stem cells".
#1115 Cancer Stem Cells in Small Intestine Neuroendocrine Cell Line P-STS: Isolation and Molecular Characterisation
Introduction: Cancer stem cells (CSCs) represent a small subpopulation of tumour cells responsible for invasive tumour growth. Even though the presence of CSCs in neuroendocrine tumours is documented, their role in neuroendocrine tumourigenesis and metastasis is not defined as yet.
Conference: 12th Annual ENETS Conference (2015)
Category: Basic Science - In vitro models, tumor growth, CTCs
Presenting Author: Florian Kleinegger
#88 EpCam expression and detection of circulating tumor cells in neuroendocrine tumors
Introduction: Using the CellSearchTM system, circulating tumor cells (CTCs) can be reproducibly enumerated according to expression of EpCAM and cytokeratins 8, 18 or 19 and the absence of the haemopoietic marker CD45. The number of CTCs detected in 7.5 mls blood has been shown to correlate with prognosis in breast, colon and prostate cancer and can predict response to therapy. Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) have not previously been reported to express EpCAM and have not been systematically assessed for presence of CTCs. We have therefore explored the expression of EpCAM in NETs and the detection of NET cells in the circulation.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: Dr Mohid S Khan
#2186 Management of Aggressive Medullary Thyroid Cancer
Introduction: Medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) is a neuroendocrine tumor of the C cells of thyroid gland characterized by significant morbidity.
Conference: 15th Annual ENETS conference (2018)
Category: Case reports
Presenting Author: Chiara Bima
#622 Evaluation of Mucin and Neuroendocrine Expression in Diffuse Gastric Cancer with Signet Ring Cell Morphology
Introduction: A proportion of diffuse gastric carcinoma, according to the Lauren classification system, has signet ring cell morphology. Signet ring cells are characterized by a peripherally placed nucleus and a central amorphous substance, which is reported to be mucin based on Periodic Acid Schiff positivity (PAS). PAS is not a specific staining method for mucin. Neuroendocrine expression has previously been reported in tumor cells in diffuse type gastric cancer.
Conference: 10th Annual ENETS Conference (2013)
Category: Basic Science - mTOR and other pathways, signalling, receptors
Presenting Author: MD, PhD Øystein Sørdal
#2141 Potential Role of SST5TMD4-Derived Peptides in the Malignancy of Neuroendocrine Tumors and Other Endocrine-Related Cancer Cells
Introduction: Extracellular fragments derived from membrane receptors can play relevant functional roles in certain tumoral pathologies and could provide novel diagnostic or therapeutic tools. We have identified a novel truncated somatostatin receptor type 5 variant, sst5TMD4, which is overexpressed and functionally active in different endocrine-related cancers, including neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). Interestingly, sst5TMD4 has 4 transmembrane domains and its C-terminal tail is consequently exposed towards the extracellular matrix, and could, therefore, be the substrate for proteolytic enzymes.
Conference: 15th Annual ENETS conference (2018)
Category: Basic Science - Signaling pathways, receptors, biomarkers
Presenting Author: Sergio Pedraza-Arévalo
#801 Normal Gastrointestinal Neuroendocrine Cells Lack E-cadherin
Introduction: E-cadherin plays a crucial role in the adhesion between epithelial cells and thus epithelial integrity. Moreover, germ line mutations in the E-cadherin gene (CDH1) causing loss of E-cadherin function (adhesion) leads to hereditary gastric cancer of the diffuse type, according to Laurén. Even sporadic gastric carcinomas of the diffuse type often lose E-cadherin expression due to mutations. Lack of E-cadherin has been recorded at an early phase in such carcinomas.
Conference: 11th Annual ENETS Conference (2014)
Category: Basic Science - mTOR and other pathways, signalling, receptors
Presenting Author: Øyvind Hauso
#160 The role of T-type calcium channels in medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC): T-type calcium channel blockers inhibit hormone secretion and induce apoptotic cell death in a human MTC cell line
Introduction: Medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) accounts for approximately 5-10% of thyroid cancers. In the case of tumors limited to the thyroid gland, the prognosis is generally favorable, whereas 5-year survival averages only 40% in patients with metastatic disease. In these patients, conventional chemotherapy only occasionally leads to a complete response and partial responses are observed in less than 30% of the cases. Therefore, intense efforts are currently directed toward the identification of new druggable targets for the treatment of this devastating disease.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Dr Rosario Pivonello
#250 Circulating Tumor Cells (CTCs) Correlate with Overall Survival in Neuroendocrine Tumors (NETs)
Introduction: Using the CellSearchTM system, circulating tumor cells (CTCs) can be reproducibly enumerated. We have previously shown that CTCs are detectable in NETs and associated with progressive disease.
Conference: 8th Annual ENETS Conference (2011)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: Dr Mohid S Khan
#722 Isolation and Whole Genome Amplification of Single Circulating Tumor Cells in Neuroendocrine Tumors: A Pilot Study
Introduction: We have previously demonstrated that Circulating Tumor Cells (CTCs) can be detected in patients with neuroendocrine tumors (NET) and that their presence is prognostic. Downstream analysis of CTCs provides an opportunity to explore their potential as biomarker for targeted therapy. Here we present initial data which demonstrates that molecular profiling can be successfully performed on single CTCs from patients with NETs
Conference: 10th Annual ENETS Conference (2013)
Category: Basic Science - In vitro models, tumor growth, CTCs
Presenting Author: Dr Dalvinder Mandair
#833 The Chemokine Receptor CXCR4 – Differential Expression in Bronchopulmonary Neuroendocrine Neoplasms
Introduction: The CXCR4 is a plasma membrane chemokine receptor, which is involved in organogenesis, hematopoiesis and inflammation. Additionally, an over-expression is described for many neoplastic tissues. Here, an involvement in tumor progression, metastasis, adaptation to hypoxia and in stem cell survival is postulated.
Conference: 11th Annual ENETS Conference (2014)
Category: Biomarkers
Presenting Author: Christiane Anne Reimann