Abstract library

14 results for "DNA repair".
#401 Status of DNA Repair and Cell Proliferation Markers in High Grade Neuroendocrine Carcinoma of the Uterine Cervix (cNEC) Compared to Small Cell Carcinoma of the Lung (SCLC)
Introduction: Most patients (pts) with cNEC are treated with chemotherapy regimens used for SCLC due to both tumors’ histological similarity and aggressive behavior.
Conference: 9th Annual ENETS Conference (2012)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Boris Naraev
#1845 Mismatch Repair (MMR) Protein Expression is Uncommon in Poorly Differentiated Neuroendocrine Carcinoma
Introduction: Microsatellite instability (MSI) has been reported to occur in a significant proportion of neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC) and mixed adenoneuroendocrine carcinomas (MANEC) (11 out of 89 cases, Sahnane et al, ERC 2015). It might be predictive of response to immunotherapy.
Conference: 14th Annual ENETS conference (2017)
Category: Biomarkers
Presenting Author: Dr Julien Hadoux
#1404 The Proteasome Inhibitor Bortezomib Is a Highly Effective Treatment Option for Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Neoplasms and Sensitizes to DNA Damaging Therapy In Vitro
Introduction: Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms are fairly rare tumors with very heterogeneous behavior and molecular characteristics. Their generally slow proliferation render them virtually resistant to many DNA damaging therapeutic approaches. Bortezomib has been shown to be effective in GEP-NENs in vitro but has been withdrawn from clinical assessment due to a small phase II study on bortezomib monotherapy in 2004.
Conference: 13th Annual ENETS conference (2016)
Category: Medical treatment - Targeted therapies
Presenting Author: Franziska Briest
#2101 The Effect of Temozolomide on Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors in Vitro and Role of MGMT and MMR System in Temozolomide Resistance
Introduction: Temozolomide (TMZ) has been suggested as a treatment option for patients with pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (PNETs). The tumour response to TMZ has been linked to expression levels of O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) and components of the mismatch repair (MMR) system.
Conference: 15th Annual ENETS conference (2018)
Category: Basic Science - In vitro models, tumor growth, CTCs
Presenting Author: Drs. Anela Blazevic
#2280 The BON-SSTR2 Chicken Chorioallantoic Membrane (CAM) Model for the Analysis of Lu-17-DOTATOC Sensitizing Agents
Introduction: Peptide radioreceptor therapy (PRRT) is a promising therapy option for SSTR2-positive pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (NEN). However, therapeutic effects are often not satisfying concerning sensitivity to PRRT. We hypothesize that the slow proliferation of NENs provides sufficient time for the repair of beta-particle induced-DNA damage. The ubiquitin-proteasome-system is involved in DNA damage repair and affected by the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib (Velcade®). The inhibition of DNA damage repair during PRRT may be an option to improve therapy response in NEN. We have recently demonstrated the damage repair inhibitory and pro-apoptotic effect of bortezomib in NEN in vitro (Briest et al., in revision).
Conference: 15th Annual ENETS conference (2018)
Category: Basic Science - In vitro models, tumor growth, CTCs
Presenting Author: Dr. Franziska Briest
#174 Loss of Expression of the DNA Mismatch Repair Proteins MLH1 and MSH2 is Rare in Pancreatic and Small Intestinal Neuroendocrine Tumors
Introduction: Loss of expression of the DNA mismatch repair (MMR) proteins MLH1 and MSH2, which is known to correlate strongly with MSI, has not been well studied in pancreatic or small intestinal NETs.
Conference: 8th Annual ENETS Conference (2011)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Dr Daniel Rayson
Authors: Rayson D, Arnason T, Sapp H, Barnes P, ...
#2123 Large Cell Neuroendocrine Carcinoma (LCNEC) Associated with a Dysplastic Sessile Serrated Lesion (SSL) and Deficient Mismatch Repair (MMR) Protein: A Case Report.
Introduction: Colorectal poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas (NECs) are rare, but extremely aggressive. The mechanisms of their carcinogenesis and aggressiveness are still largely unknown. Recently Nobuyoshi Takizawa showed that the molecular features of colorectal NECs are similar to those of adenocarcinoma and not to those of NETs and they were more evident in small cell NECs than in large cell NECs. This is supported by combined cases with conventional adenoma/adenocarcinoma and NECs. Stelow et al showed that DNA mismatch repair proteins were intact in 14/15 colorectal small cell NECs. Two cases of LCNECs arising from SSL have been reported so far in the literature.
Conference: 15th Annual ENETS conference (2018)
Category: Case reports
Presenting Author: Dr Tu Vinh Luong
Authors: Luong T V, Nisa Z, ...
#55 Metronomic combination therapy including temozolamide, bevacizumab and somatostatin analogue for the treatment of malignant gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors
Introduction: Malignant gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEPNETS), mainly carcinoids, are not considered to be particularly chemotherapy-sensitive to conventional chemotherapeutic schemes. Long-standing evidence suggests these tumors to be highly vascularised and responsive to antiangiogenic strategies. Newest reports demonstrate benefit by the use of temozolamide, an oral alkylating agent similar to intravenous dacarbazine. The DNA repair enzyme O6-alkylguanine–DNA alkyltransferase (AGAT) confers cancer cell resistance to O6-alkylating agents such as temozolamide through its ability to remove methyl/alkyl groups from the O6-position of guanine, thus correcting drug-induced DNA damage.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: DR Anna Koumarianou
#144 Oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy in patients with advanced neuroendocrine carcinoma: an Italian retrospective multicenter analysis
Introduction: Conventional chemotherapy does not have a well-defined role in well/moderately differentiated (WD) neuroendocrine carcinomas (NECs). Various regimens were evaluated. Cisplatin or carboplatin combined with etoposide are usually indicated in poorly differentiated (PD) NECs. Some evidence exists for oxaliplatin activity in WD and PD NECs, combined with capecitabine or gemcitabine.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: Francesca Spada
#364 Platinum-based chemotherapy in patients with advanced neuroendocrine carcinomas: an Italian retrospective multicenter analysis
Introduction: Conventional chemotherapy has not yet a well defined role in well/moderately differentiated (WD) neuroendocrine carcinomas (NECs).
Conference:
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: MD FRANCESCA SPADA