Abstract library

273 results for "Dermine".
#2050 Finding the Ways to Determine the Prognosis of Pulmonary Carcinoids with Certain Genes/Markers in Pakistan
Introduction: Pulmonary neuroendocrine tumors are classified into four subtypes from well differentiated to poorly differentiated high grade large cell neuroendocrine carcinomas. Because of the difficult histological classification and a cancer free period following surgery, it is often difficult to predict certain prognostic factors.
Conference: 15th Annual ENETS conference (2018)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Dr Arooj Fatima
Authors: Fatima A, Zaidi S S A
#466 HIF-1a Determines the Metastatic Potential of the GEP-NET Cell Line BON-1
Introduction: Intratumoral hypoxia is a hallmark of solid tumor formation and a negative predictor of patient survival. Adaptation to hypoxia is mainly achieved by the transcription factor HIF-1a, which is upregulated in a diverse range of human and experimental tumors and their metastases. HIF-1a target genes have been implicated in the induction of invasion and metastasis. However, HIF-1a’s tumor-supporting action depends on cell type and microenvironment and the precise role of HIF-1a for the pathogenesis of neuroendocrine tumors (NET) is largely unknown.
Conference: 9th Annual ENETS Conference (2012)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Katja Freitag de Molina
#2230 Does Somatostatin Receptor (SSR) Positive Tumor Volume Determined on Ga68 DOTANOC PET/CT in Patients with Paraganglioma (PGL)/Pheochromocytoma(PCC) Correlate with Biomarkers? An Explorative Study
Introduction: SSR PET/CT is used in workup of pts with PCC/ PGL. Correlation of tumour burden on PET & biomarkers 24 hr Urine Metanephrines (UMET), normetanephrine (UNMET), UMET:creatinine ratio (MET:Crea),UNMET:creatinine (UNMET:crea) & Chromogranin A (CGA) has not been done.
Conference: 15th Annual ENETS conference (2018)
Category: Nuclear Medicine - Imaging and Therapy (PRRT)
Presenting Author: Dr Rachelle Steyn
Authors: Steyn R, Prasad V, ...
#180 Microvessel Density and Prognosis of Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors (GEP-NETS)
Introduction: The role of anti-angiogenic agents in GEP-NETS remains to be established. CD105 (Endoglin) identifies the TGF-ß1 receptor which is expressed on endothelial cells involved in tumor angiogenesis.
Conference: 8th Annual ENETS Conference (2011)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Dr. Carlos A. S. Soares
#19 Antitumor activity of Pasireotide (SOM230) alone and in combination with Everolimus (RAD001) in DU-145 human prostate cancer model
Introduction: Pasireotide (SOM230) is a novel multi-receptor ligand somatostatin analogue with high affinity for somatostatin receptor subtypes sst1,2,3 and sst5. Like octreotide, which binds primarily to sst2, it inhibits hypersecretion of hormones from patients with functional pituitary tumors and gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine (GEP/NET) tumors. In addition, tumor shrinkage has been observed with both compounds in patients with acromegaly, Cushing’s disease and GEP/NETs, but its tumor-reducing mechanism of action has so far not been revealed. In patients with breast and liver cancer, octreotide had little or no antitumor activity.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Dr. Herbert A. Schmid
Authors: Schmid H A, Chiara L, Nuciforo P, ...
#59 Incidence and clinical significance of adrenal masses in patients with gastrenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors
Introduction: The widespread application of modern imaging modalities, mainly computerized tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), has revealed a 2-3% incidence of inadvertently discovered adrenal masses, the majority of which are non-functioning benign adrenal adenomas. In the presence of a known malignancy, such lesions have a more than 30% incidence of being metastases. As patients with gastrenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETS) have mainly well-differentiated and slow-growing tumors and are subject to routine abdominal imaging for disease staging or during follow-up, it is important to study the incidence and significance of such lesions based on the recently introduced TNM classification system.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: Dr Georgios Kanakis
#62 Genome-wide DNA methylation profiling of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors identifies distinct methylation profiles and differentially methylated gene promoter regions associated with low, medium and high grade tumors
Introduction: Integration of genetics and epigenetics has emerged as a powerful approach to studying cellular differentiation (Mikkelsen et al, 2009) and tumorigenesis (Shen et al, 2007). The study of DNA methylation is of particular importance in cancer, as causal involvement has been demonstrated and it is the most stable of all epigenetic modifications, making it a desirable marker for both early detection and treatment of tumors. Hypermethylation of CpG sites in gene promoter regions leads to decreased gene expression; if such a gene is a tumor suppressor, this leads to carcinogenesis. To date, there have been no studies of genome-wide DNA methylation profiling of NETs. This study sets out to determine the DNA methylation profiles of low, intermediate and high grade pancreatic NET liver metastases with the intention of identifying dysregulated biological pathways in the development of these tumors. A protocol for the analysis formalin-fixed paraffin embedded tissue (FFPE) has also been developed in order to study these tumors in significant numbers following this pilot study.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Dr Christina Thirlwell
#69 Frequent biological association of Merkel cell polyomavirus with Merkel cell carcinomas
Introduction: Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV) DNA has been detected by PCR in 75–100% of Merkel cell carcinomas (MCC), an aggressive neuroendocrine skin cancer. MCPyV is a 5.4 kb DNA virus that expresses tumor (T) antigen in tumor tissues.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Dr Ernst-Jan M Speel
#105 A pilot study using biochemical markers to predict acrcinoid heart disease in patients with carcinoid disease
Introduction: Carcinoid heart disease (CHD) affects up to 15-70% of patients with carcinoid disease. Recent ENETS guidelines recommend regular echocardiographic assessment to screen for CHD. Chromogranin A (CgA) is a peptide widely used to monitor carcinoid disease progression. Neurokinin A is a tachykinin which may be a more sensitive measure of carcinoid disease progression and prognosis. N-terminal pro Brain Naturetic Peptide is used as a screening tool for heart failure and recent results suggest utility in the diagnosis of CHD.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: Dr Christopher Wong
#122 Molecular genetic findings in gastric carcinoid suggest possible neurofibromin/Ras pathway involvement in carcinoid pathogenesis
Introduction: The molecular pathogenesis of gastrointestinal carcinoid tumours is poorly understood. We have been undertaking molecular genetic investigations of a young woman with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) in whom a gastric carcinoid tumor was detected following an episode of gastrointestinal bleeding. She was otherwise relatively mildly affected by NF1. In NF1, gastric carcinoids have been found previously only in patients with other predisposing factors, which were absent in this patient.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Dr Edward S Tobias