Abstract library

467 results for "Expression profiling".
#2868 Differential Gene Expression May Predict Response to Somatostatin Analogues (SSAs) in Gastrointestinal (GI) Neuroendocrine Tumors (NETs)
Introduction: SSAs are commonly used to treat GI NETs as they have anti-secretory and antiproliferative effects. However, genetic markers predicting response to SSAs are lacking.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Signaling pathways, receptors, biomarkers
Presenting Author: Prof. Dr. Dr. Andreas Teufel
Authors: Teufel A, Evert K, Itzel T, Evert M, ...
#2730 FOLFIRINEC, A Multi-Center, Randomized, Comparative Phase II Study of FOLFIRINOX vs Platinum-Etoposide as First Line Treatment for Metastatic Neuroendocrine Carcinoma of Gastroenteropancreatic or Unknown Origin, Associated with Molecular Profiling
Introduction: Grade 3 (G3) gastroenteropancreatic (GEP) neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC) are rare diseases with a poor prognosis. FOLFIRINEC is a multicenter comparative phase II study of mFOLFIRINOX vs platinum-etoposide (PE) as first line treatment for metastatic G3 NEC of GEP or unknown origin.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Trials in Progress/Trials in Concept
Presenting Author: Dr Julien Hadoux
#2834 Tumor-Promoting Effects of the Transcriptional Regulator CUX1 in PanNET
Introduction: Previously, we identified CUX1 as mediator of metastatic behaviour and poor differentiation in human insulinomas. CUX1 mediated tumor-promoting functions via enhancing proliferation, resistance to apoptosis and angiogenesis in-vitro and in-vivo.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Signaling pathways, receptors, biomarkers
Presenting Author: MD Sebastian Krug
#2986 Characterization of 142 Human Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors: ATRX and DAXX Correlation with Clinical-Pathological Data
Introduction: Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs) are rare and heterogeneous neoplasms with a 10-year survival rate less than 30%. Up to 43% of them are driven by inactivating mutations in ATRX or DAXX. These are important players at chromatin remodeling, that when mutated prone cancer cells to initiate the alternative lengthening of telomeres (ALT). ALT phenotype correlates with in situ loss of expression of the proteins ATRX or DAXX and can be corroborated by telomere-FISH.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Signaling pathways, receptors, biomarkers
Presenting Author: DVM Tiago B Gaspar
#2846 Whole Genome DNA Methylation Profiling Identifies Neuroendocrine Tumor Origin
Introduction: Determining the origin of a neuroendocrine tumor (NET) of unknown primary can be challenging. Liver metastases can originate from any organ in the body, while pulmonary NETs can be metastases but also primary tumors. This especially holds true for Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1 patients, who often have multiple primary pancreatic and intestinal NETs. It is important to know the origin of the primary tumor since resection or ablation is crucial in case of treatment with curative intent. Furthermore, the site of origin determines prognosis, treatment options and eligibility for clinical trials.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Wenzel M Hackeng
#2682 PAK4-NAMPT Dual Inhibition as a Novel Strategy for Therapy Resistant Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors
Introduction: Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNET) remain an unmet clinical need. In this study, we show that targeting both nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) and p21-activated kinase 4 (PAK4) could become a synthetic lethal strategy for PNET.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Signaling pathways, receptors, biomarkers
Presenting Author: Ph.D. Candidate Gabriel Mpilla
Authors: Mpilla G, Aboukameel A, Muqbil I, Kim S, ...
#3058 Diagnosis and Assessment of Effectiveness of Surgical Resection of Small Bowel Neuroendocrine Tumours: The Roles of Circulating MicroRNAs
Introduction: MicroRNAs (miRNA) are small noncoding RNA molecules implicated in the pathophysiology of myriad neoplasms. Clinically useful biomarkers are needed in SB NET to ascertain disease aggressiveness, select treatment strategy, detect early recurrence and monitor response.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Biomarkers
Presenting Author: Dr Ashley Clift
#2906 Change of Lactate Transporter (MCT4) Expression in Pancreatic Microadenomas and Stages of Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors
Introduction: Metabolic changes are observed in early and late stages of Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors (PanNET) in mouse models. In human PanNET, RNA-expression analysis showed changes in glucose metabolism in more aggressive PanNET.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Signaling pathways, receptors, biomarkers
Presenting Author: Dr. Konstantin Bräutigam
#2981 The Distance from Pathology to Molecular Imaging: SSTR Expression Comparison in 100 Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Neoplasms
Introduction: Somatostatin receptor (SSTR) overexpression is a unique feature of gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (GEP-NENs), which establish the basis for both diagnosis and therapy. SSTR status can be evaluated by immunohistochemical staining (IHC) and 68Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Pathology - grading, staging
Presenting Author: Jiangyuan Yu
Authors: Yu J, Cao F, Yang Z, Sun Y, ...
Keywords: GEP-NEN, SSTR, PET/CT, IHC
#2739 Epigenetic Landscape of Pancreatic Neuro-Endocrine Tumors Reveals Distinct Cells of Origin and Means of Tumor Progression
Introduction: Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors (PanNETs) arise from cells of the Islets of Langerhans. The majority of PanNETs are non-functional and their cell of origin cannot be defined analysing specific hormone production. Cell of origin assessment has proven importance to identify risk factors, prevent tumour development, and tailor treatment in many malignancies. Recent data on super-enhancer signatures has suggested a potential origin of PanNET from α- or β-cells. We and others have shown that distinct epigenetic profiles assessed by DNA methylation (DNAme) characterize genomic and prognostic groups of PanNET.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Annunziata Di Domenico