Abstract library

74 results for "HDAC-Inhibition".
#2785 Inhibition of Cyclin Dependent Kinases Overcomes MYC-Driven Secondary Resistance to Everolimus in Digestive NETs
Introduction: Dysregulation of the mTOR pathway in digestive neuroendocrine tumours (d-NETs) led to the introduction of Everolimus (EVE) as treatment. EVE significantly increases PFS, but most patients acquire resistance, due to activation of feedback loops.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Signaling pathways, receptors, biomarkers
Presenting Author: Md, PhD Gabriele Capurso
#2827 Characterization of Epigenetic Modulation in Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Neoplasms
Introduction: Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PanNETs) represent a rare and heterogeneous tumor entity. Despite advances in therapy cancer progression and resistance mechanisms are still challenging. Recent genome wide sequencing analyses in PanNETs identified a large number of mutated genes involved in epigenetic modulation.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: MD Sebastian Krug
#2682 PAK4-NAMPT Dual Inhibition as a Novel Strategy for Therapy Resistant Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors
Introduction: Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNET) remain an unmet clinical need. In this study, we show that targeting both nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) and p21-activated kinase 4 (PAK4) could become a synthetic lethal strategy for PNET.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Signaling pathways, receptors, biomarkers
Presenting Author: Ph.D. Candidate Gabriel Mpilla
Authors: Mpilla G, Aboukameel A, Muqbil I, Kim S, ...
#2742 Anti-Tumor Effects of Semaphorin 4D Blockade Unravel a Novel Pro-Invasive Mechanism of Vascular Targeting Agents
Introduction: One of the main consequences of inhibition of neovessel growth produced by angiogenesis inhibitors is increased intratumor hypoxia. Growing evidence indicates that tumor cells escape from this hypoxic environment to better nourished locations, presenting hypoxia as a positive stimulus for invasion. Particularly, anti-VEGF/R therapies produce hypoxia-induced invasion and metastasis in a spontaneous mouse model of pancreatic neuroendocrine cancer, RIP1-Tag2.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Signaling pathways, receptors, biomarkers
Presenting Author: PhD Oriol Casanovas
#3320 TGF-β increase caspase activation and migration in typical bronchial carcinoids
Introduction: Typical bronchial carcinoids (TBC) are well-differentiated neuroendocrine neoplasms (NEN) whose management can still be very challenging due to reduced sensitivity to therapy. Previous studies have reported TGF-β’s ability to activate mTOR pathway and induce epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT). Moreover, preliminary results show an overexpression of TGF-β signalling and caspase activation in TBC.
Conference: 18th Annual ENETS Conference 2021 (2021)
Category: Basic science - Signalling pathways, receptors, biomarkers
Presenting Author: Patricia Borges de Souza
#2738 Patient-Derived Organoid Models of Human Neuroendocrine Carcinoma
Introduction: Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine carcinoma (GEP-NEC) is a poorly understood disease with limited treatment options. Due to its low incidence and wide tissue distribution few representative preclinical models are available
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - In vitro models, tumor growth, CTCs
Presenting Author: MD PhD Margot Tesselaar
#2874 Role of FOXM1 in Aggressive Pancreatic / Pulmonary Neuroendocrine Carcinomas and Anti-Tumor Effect of the FOXM1 Inhibitor Thiostrepton
Introduction: DNA-targeting agents are the main treatment of aggressive pulmonary and pancreatic neuroendocrine carcinomas (NEC). FOXM1 is a transcription factor controlling cell proliferation and DNA repair pathways, playing therefore an important role in tumor progression and chemoresistance.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Signaling pathways, receptors, biomarkers
Presenting Author: Dr Jerome Cros
#2983 Differential TGF-β Signalling in Typical and Atypical Bronchial Carcinoids
Introduction: Typical and atypical bronchial carcinoids (TBC and ABC) are well-differentiated neuroendocrine neoplasms (NEN). Metastatic BC having low to moderate mitotic count may still be treated with somatostatin analogues and mTOR inhibitors; however, TBC and ABC have been reported to respond very differently to therapy and an effective treatment algorithm is still lacking. TGF-β is known for its ability to activate mTOR pathway and induce epithelial mesenchymal transition, affecting cell pathophysiological capabilities such as proliferation, migration and tissue invasiveness.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Signaling pathways, receptors, biomarkers
Presenting Author: Patricia Borges de Souza
#2984 AGTR1 Is Overexpressed in Neuroendocrine Neoplasms, Regulates Secretion and May Serve as a Target for Molecular Imaging and Therapy
Introduction: Peptide receptor targeting has proven to be a pivotal tool for diagnostic imaging and radioligand therapy of neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs), which frequently express somatostatin receptors (SSTRs) on their cell surface. However, up to 30 % of NEN patients do not benefit from SSTR-based approaches, others develop a resistance.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Signaling pathways, receptors, biomarkers
Presenting Author: Dr. Carsten Grötzinger
Authors: Grötzinger C, Exner S, Schuldt C, Du J, ...
#19 Antitumor activity of Pasireotide (SOM230) alone and in combination with Everolimus (RAD001) in DU-145 human prostate cancer model
Introduction: Pasireotide (SOM230) is a novel multi-receptor ligand somatostatin analogue with high affinity for somatostatin receptor subtypes sst1,2,3 and sst5. Like octreotide, which binds primarily to sst2, it inhibits hypersecretion of hormones from patients with functional pituitary tumors and gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine (GEP/NET) tumors. In addition, tumor shrinkage has been observed with both compounds in patients with acromegaly, Cushing’s disease and GEP/NETs, but its tumor-reducing mechanism of action has so far not been revealed. In patients with breast and liver cancer, octreotide had little or no antitumor activity.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Dr. Herbert A. Schmid
Authors: Schmid H A, Chiara L, Nuciforo P, ...