Abstract library

67 results for "Methylation profiling".
#2846 Whole Genome DNA Methylation Profiling Identifies Neuroendocrine Tumor Origin
Introduction: Determining the origin of a neuroendocrine tumor (NET) of unknown primary can be challenging. Liver metastases can originate from any organ in the body, while pulmonary NETs can be metastases but also primary tumors. This especially holds true for Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1 patients, who often have multiple primary pancreatic and intestinal NETs. It is important to know the origin of the primary tumor since resection or ablation is crucial in case of treatment with curative intent. Furthermore, the site of origin determines prognosis, treatment options and eligibility for clinical trials.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Wenzel M Hackeng
#2902 DNA Methylation Analysis of the PDX1 Gene Can Be Used for PNET Subtyping and Has a Possible Prognostic Value
Introduction: Estimating prognosis of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (PNET) patients remains challenging. Mutation status of DAXX/ATRX/MEN1, histone modification patterns and immunohistochemistry for relevant transcription factors, including PDX1, were recently used to perform subtyping and distinguished two main types, A and B. These subtypes are linked to cell-of-origin and associated with clinical outcome.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Gitta Boons
#2739 Epigenetic Landscape of Pancreatic Neuro-Endocrine Tumors Reveals Distinct Cells of Origin and Means of Tumor Progression
Introduction: Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors (PanNETs) arise from cells of the Islets of Langerhans. The majority of PanNETs are non-functional and their cell of origin cannot be defined analysing specific hormone production. Cell of origin assessment has proven importance to identify risk factors, prevent tumour development, and tailor treatment in many malignancies. Recent data on super-enhancer signatures has suggested a potential origin of PanNET from α- or β-cells. We and others have shown that distinct epigenetic profiles assessed by DNA methylation (DNAme) characterize genomic and prognostic groups of PanNET.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Annunziata Di Domenico
#62 Genome-wide DNA methylation profiling of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors identifies distinct methylation profiles and differentially methylated gene promoter regions associated with low, medium and high grade tumors
Introduction: Integration of genetics and epigenetics has emerged as a powerful approach to studying cellular differentiation (Mikkelsen et al, 2009) and tumorigenesis (Shen et al, 2007). The study of DNA methylation is of particular importance in cancer, as causal involvement has been demonstrated and it is the most stable of all epigenetic modifications, making it a desirable marker for both early detection and treatment of tumors. Hypermethylation of CpG sites in gene promoter regions leads to decreased gene expression; if such a gene is a tumor suppressor, this leads to carcinogenesis. To date, there have been no studies of genome-wide DNA methylation profiling of NETs. This study sets out to determine the DNA methylation profiles of low, intermediate and high grade pancreatic NET liver metastases with the intention of identifying dysregulated biological pathways in the development of these tumors. A protocol for the analysis formalin-fixed paraffin embedded tissue (FFPE) has also been developed in order to study these tumors in significant numbers following this pilot study.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Dr Christina Thirlwell
#360 High Resolution (Epi)genomic Analysis Comparing Pulmonary Carcinoids with a Favorable and a Poor Disease Outcome
Introduction: Lung carcinoids are a heterogenous group of neuroendocrine tumors. MEN1 mutations and 11q22-q25 deletions have been implied in their tumorigenesis. Very few genome wide and methylation studies have been conducted to further elucidate molecular mechanisms underlying tumorigenesis.
Conference:
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Msc Dorian R.A. Swarts
#1227 Molecular Profiling of Small Intestinal Neuroendocrine Tumours (SINETs)
Introduction: Aberrant DNA methylation plays an role in the pathogenesis of many cancers, however little is known about its role in SINET development.
Conference: 12th Annual ENETS Conference 2015 (2015)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs
Presenting Author: Dr Anna Karpathakis
#2139 Genome-Wide DNA Methylation Profiling of Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors
Introduction: Frequent inactivation of epigenetic regulators ATRX and DAXX in pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs) suggests an important role for epigenetic alterations in tumorigenesis. Few studies have been published regarding differential methylation patterns in PNETs and a thorough analysis of these alterations is currently lacking.
Conference: 15th Annual ENETS conference 2018 (2018)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Gitta Boons
#2180 BRAF-V600E Driven Mutations in Grade 3 Neuroendocrine Carcinomas of Colon Origin: Results from Genomic/Epigenomic Profilings and Patient-Derived Mouse Model
Introduction: NECs of colon origin are orphan and highly aggressive neoplasms with limited molecular knowledge.
Conference: 15th Annual ENETS conference 2018 (2018)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Dr Jaume Capdevila
#2868 Differential Gene Expression May Predict Response to Somatostatin Analogues (SSAs) in Gastrointestinal (GI) Neuroendocrine Tumors (NETs)
Introduction: SSAs are commonly used to treat GI NETs as they have anti-secretory and antiproliferative effects. However, genetic markers predicting response to SSAs are lacking.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Signaling pathways, receptors, biomarkers
Presenting Author: Prof. Dr. Dr. Andreas Teufel
Authors: Teufel A, Evert K, Itzel T, Evert M, ...
#2730 FOLFIRINEC, A Multi-Center, Randomized, Comparative Phase II Study of FOLFIRINOX vs Platinum-Etoposide as First Line Treatment for Metastatic Neuroendocrine Carcinoma of Gastroenteropancreatic or Unknown Origin, Associated with Molecular Profiling
Introduction: Grade 3 (G3) gastroenteropancreatic (GEP) neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC) are rare diseases with a poor prognosis. FOLFIRINEC is a multicenter comparative phase II study of mFOLFIRINOX vs platinum-etoposide (PE) as first line treatment for metastatic G3 NEC of GEP or unknown origin.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Trials in Progress/Trials in Concept
Presenting Author: Dr Julien Hadoux