Introduction: Malignant gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEPNETS), mainly carcinoids, are not considered to be particularly chemotherapy-sensitive to conventional chemotherapeutic schemes. Long-standing evidence suggests these tumors to be highly vascularised and responsive to antiangiogenic strategies. Newest reports demonstrate benefit by the use of temozolamide, an oral alkylating agent similar to intravenous dacarbazine. The DNA repair enzyme O6-alkylguanine–DNA alkyltransferase (AGAT) confers cancer cell resistance to O6-alkylating agents such as temozolamide through its ability to remove methyl/alkyl groups from the O6-position of guanine, thus correcting drug-induced DNA damage.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Presenting Author: DR Anna Koumarianou