Abstract library

43 results for "Unno".
#3071 Hormonal Ectopic Secretion Syndromes Associated to Neuroendocine Neoplasia
Introduction: Neuroendocrine neoplasias (NEN) are able to produce and secrete bioactive peptides and cause distinct syndromes related to their biological effects. The outcome will depend on the oncological disease as well as the hormonal syndrome
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Biomarkers
Presenting Author: MD Julieta Tkatch
#2739 Epigenetic Landscape of Pancreatic Neuro-Endocrine Tumors Reveals Distinct Cells of Origin and Means of Tumor Progression
Introduction: Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors (PanNETs) arise from cells of the Islets of Langerhans. The majority of PanNETs are non-functional and their cell of origin cannot be defined analysing specific hormone production. Cell of origin assessment has proven importance to identify risk factors, prevent tumour development, and tailor treatment in many malignancies. Recent data on super-enhancer signatures has suggested a potential origin of PanNET from α- or β-cells. We and others have shown that distinct epigenetic profiles assessed by DNA methylation (DNAme) characterize genomic and prognostic groups of PanNET.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Annunziata Di Domenico
#2794 Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumor (pNET) Showing Remission after Tuberculostatic Treatment – An Unusual Case Report Suggesting Anti-Proliferative Effects of Antibiotics in pNETs
Introduction: Several classes of antibiotics have been associated with anti-proliferative effects on cancer cells; however, there is no data on this regarding pNETs.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Case reports
Presenting Author: MD, PhD Barbara Kiesewetter
#2893 Prediction of Survival for Gastrointestinal Neuroendocrine Tumors: A Systematic Review of Clinical Tools
Introduction: Clinical prediction tools aggregate patient and disease information to predict outcomes. Little is known about gastrointestinal neuroendocrine tumors (GI-NET) prediction tools accuracy and utility.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Epidemiology/Natural history/Prognosis - Registries, nationwide and regional surveys
Presenting Author: Julie Hallet
Authors: Hallet J, Ho G, Beyfuss K, Chan D, ...
#2987 68Ga-DOTATOC PET/CT as Tool for Diagnosis and Decision-Making Process of Neuroendocrine Tumors
Introduction: Primary tumors in some patients with metastatic neuroendocrine tumors (NET) cannot be found by conventional imaging as CT, MRI and scintigraphy. 68Ga-DOTATOC PET/CT (68Ga-PET) appears to have superior sensitivity, specifity, and better resolution than 99mTC-octreotide SPECT/TC (SSTR scintigraphy) and can improve decision-making process, however its cost is higher, and its availability is limited.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Imaging and Interventions (radiology, endoscopy)
Presenting Author: Inmaculada Peiró Martínez
#41 Immunohisochemical evaluation of EMT regulators, E- and N-cadherin in neuroendocrine Tumors of the Gastro-Entero-Pancreativ system
Introduction: Local tumor invasion represents the first step of the metastatic cascade of carcinomas, and requires changes in cell adhesion and migration properties of tumor cells. This biologic process is known as epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). One key biochemical change associated with EMT is the loss of E-cadherin expression promoted by specific transcriptional repressors such as Snail, Slug, and Twist. Overexpression of EMT inducers increases other factors, such as FoxC2, although its role in EMT is poorly understood. Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) of the gastroenteropancreatic (GEP) system, originated from the diffuse endocrine system, represent a heterogeneous group of tumors. Their prevalence has increased substantially over the past three decades, without substantial improvements in their clinical management, and their variable clinical course cannot be predicted by common clinicopathological parameters. Thus, new prognostic markers are urgently needed.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: JOSE A. GALVÁN
#90 The prognostic value of FDG-PET scan in neuroendocrine tumors: a retrospective analysis of 46 patients treated in one center
Introduction: Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are rare and generally indolent. For diagnostic purposes, the sensitivity of FDG-PET scan is known to be low in this setting, though when positive, its prognostic value is not well-defined in NET.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: Dr Ivan Borbath
#106 Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors: single institution clinicopathological study
Introduction: Neuroendocrine cells are widely distributed throughout the body, and neoplasms from these dispersed cells can arise at many sites. They are distinguished into two broad categories: 1) Tumors identified as small cell lung carcinomas with biology and natural history of a high-grade malignancy and characteristics of small cell undifferentiated or anaplastic appearance by light microscopy. The WHO categorizes these tumors as poorly-differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas; 2) Well-defined neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) with variable, but most lyindolent biologic behavior and characteristic well-differentiated histologic features. The majority arise in the gastrointestinal tract and collectively they are referred as gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP/NETs). They include carcinoid tumors, pancreatic islet cell tumors (gastrinoma, insulinoma, glucagonoma, VIPoma, somatostatinoma), paragangliomas, pheochromocytomas, and medullary thyroid carcinomas. The WHO classifies the GEP/NETs as well-differentiated NETs (carcinoid tumors) if they are noninvasive and have benign behavior or uncertain malignant potential. In contrast, GEP/NETs with characteristics of low-grade malignancy with invasion of the muscularis propria or beyond, or metastases, are characterized as well-differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas (malignant carcinoids). Pancreatic islet cell tumors, whether functioning or not, are classified as well-differentiated NETs or well-differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas, due to the (depending on) histologic characteristics. The WHO classification for gastroenteropancreatic NETs based on stage (ie size and presence of metastases) and grade (mitotic rate, perineural and lymphovascular invasion, Ki-67 proliferative index) categorizes them as well-differentiated NETs, e.g., carcinoid tumors, or as well-differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: Dr Michael M. Vaslamatzis
#110 Slug represents an important regulator of E-cadherin expression in neuroendocrine tumor cells of the pancreas
Introduction: Neuroendocrine tumors of the pancreas form an inhomogenous group of epithelial neoplasms. They differ from other types of pancreatic cancers by showing an extended survival of patients, which is due to a mostly slow proliferation rate of the tumor. However, some of these neuroendocrine tumors are characterized by an early onset of metastases, which cannot be predicted by any available method. The epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) represents a central part of cell migration and metastasis. During EMT, cells loosen their cellular contacts, leave the tissue, and become migrating single cells. One of the integral compounds of cell adhesion represents the E-cadherin adhesion module, which contains mostly E-cadherin and several catenins. A loss of this adhesion module is associated with tumor progression, migration and metastasis in many types of cancer.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Dr Alexander König
#142 The role of 18F DOPA-PET in a case of malignant pheochromcytoma
Introduction: Pheocromocytoma is a rare tumor arising from chromaffin cells of adrenal medullary or extra adrenal paraganglionic tissue. Histological criteria cannot differentiate benign from malignant pheocromocytomas. The diagnosis of a malignant pheocromocytoma requires local invasion, recurrence and documented metastatic disease. The radionuclide scanning (123I - 131I-MIBG) is a fundamental diagnostic tool used to confirm the biochemical and radiological diagnosis of pheochromocytoma. In fact, MIBG scanning may confirm that the visualised lesion in an adrenal gland is indeed a pheochromocytoma and detect extra-adrenal paraganglionic tissue. However, MIBG scans are negative in around 15% of benign pheochromocytomas and in up to 50% of malignant ones. Other radionuclide techniques (18FDG-PET, 18F-DOPA-PET, 18F-FDA-PET) have been successfully used in investigation of pheochromocytomas. 18F-DOPA-PET and 18F-FDA-PET have been reported to be highly sensitive and specific for benign pheochromocytomas, while 18FDG-PET can be useful for malignant lesions with higher metabolic activity.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: Prof. Laura De Marinis