Abstract library

46 results for "angiogenesis".
#2685 Apatinib Inhibits Tumor Growth and Angiogenesis in PNET Models
Introduction: Angiogenesis has a pivotal role in the growth and metastasis of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs). Apatinib inhibits angiogenesis as a highly selective KDR inhibitor and has been used to treat advanced gastric cancer and malignancies in clinical settings. However, the efficacy of apatinib in PNETs remains unclear.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - In vitro models, tumor growth, CTCs
Presenting Author: Shan Wu
Authors: Wu S, Zhou J, Guo J, Hua Z, ...
#2742 Anti-Tumor Effects of Semaphorin 4D Blockade Unravel a Novel Pro-Invasive Mechanism of Vascular Targeting Agents
Introduction: One of the main consequences of inhibition of neovessel growth produced by angiogenesis inhibitors is increased intratumor hypoxia. Growing evidence indicates that tumor cells escape from this hypoxic environment to better nourished locations, presenting hypoxia as a positive stimulus for invasion. Particularly, anti-VEGF/R therapies produce hypoxia-induced invasion and metastasis in a spontaneous mouse model of pancreatic neuroendocrine cancer, RIP1-Tag2.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Signaling pathways, receptors, biomarkers
Presenting Author: PhD Oriol Casanovas
#2834 Tumor-Promoting Effects of the Transcriptional Regulator CUX1 in PanNET
Introduction: Previously, we identified CUX1 as mediator of metastatic behaviour and poor differentiation in human insulinomas. CUX1 mediated tumor-promoting functions via enhancing proliferation, resistance to apoptosis and angiogenesis in-vitro and in-vivo.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Signaling pathways, receptors, biomarkers
Presenting Author: MD Sebastian Krug
#3043 Angiogenetic Markers as Prognostic Predictors in Neuroendocrine Neoplasms
Introduction: Neoangiogenesis is crucial for NEN development and metastatization.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Biomarkers
Presenting Author: Giulia Puliani
Authors: Puliani G, Feola T, Sesti F, Sciarra F, ...
Keywords: biomarkers, prognosis
#16 Endoglin as indicator of metastatic neuroendocrine tumors of the pancreas
Introduction: Neuroendocrine tumors of the pancreas are rare, highly vascularized tumors. Endoglin, a Transforming Growth Factor-β co-receptor, is a marker for angiogenic endothelial cells. Angiogenesis is required for tumor progression and the development of metastases. Recently, endoglin expression was found to be a prognostic marker in pancreatic carcinomas. However, the role of endoglin in neuroendocrine pancreatic tumors has so far not been studied.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Patricia Kuiper
#22 A Case Illustrative of Phenotypic Heterogeneity and Challenges in the Management of Paraganglioma
Introduction: Paragangliomas (PGLs) are extra-adrenal, usually benign, highly vascularized tumors that originate from neural-crest-derived chromaffin cells. These tumors are subdivided as either sympathetic or parasympathetic, depending on their location and catecholamine production. Sympathetic PGLs are situated along the abdominal sympathetic trunk and usually produce catecholamines, whereas parasympathetic PGLs are located in the head and neck, and these usually do not produce catecholamines. PGLs may present as sporadic or inherited tumor syndrome, including MEN 2, with RET germline mutations, von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease due to germline mutations in VHL gene, and pheochromocytoma-PGL syndrome. The latter is frequently a hereditary condition and is caused by germline mutations in the SDHB, SDHC, or SDHC genes. Patients with familial PGLs may present at a younger age, often as multifocal tumors, with an increased risk of recurrence and a higher frequency of malignancy in those with SDHB mutations. SDH mutations induce angiogenesis and tumorogenesis through the inhibition of hypoxia-inducible factors (HIF)-propyl hyroxylase. A younger age at onset, malignancy, and a positive family history are clinical parameters of high specificity, but low sensitivity for diagnosis. Genetic analysis for mutations in SDH genes for the patient and family members, and surveillance for the affected patient and family members, are necessary where there are no clear clinical or family indicators for the syndrome. We present a case of a large abdominal malignant PGL in a 20-year-old pt. that went on without clinical detection for at least three years.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: Dr Mohammed Ahmed
#51 Epidemiology of the neuroendocrine tumors diagnosed in Cardarelli Hospital: a retrospective single-institution analysis of 274 cases
Introduction: Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are considered rare tumors and are characterized by their ability to produce peptides that cause typical hormonal syndromes. Neuroendocrine tumors consist of a wide spectrum of malignancies with different histology that can arise from distributed neuroendocrine cells in the body. Although these tumors are frequently indolent, they can be aggressive and resistant to therapy. Its incidence in the U.S.A has been rising in the last three decades (Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results registry). NETs are more common than generally believed.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: Dr Ferdinando Riccardi
#66 Adrenocortical cancer: a therapeutic approach with everolimus (RAD001)
Introduction: Adrenocortical cancer (ACC) is a rare disease with very poor outcome. ACC responds poorly to standard chemotherapy. Mitotane, used as adjuvant therapy to surgery, prolongs recurrence-free survival, but the response is limited to 23% of patients and resistance occurs in the majority of patients (1). There is no curative therapy for ACC. Pre-clinical studies have shown involvement of both IGF-2/IGF-1R and Akt/mTOR pathways in ACC, and IGF-1R and mTOR inhibitors inhibited cell proliferation of human adrenocortical carcinoma cell lines in vitro (2,3,4).
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: Dr Maria Gueorguiev
#77 Angiogenesis markers after hepatic artery embolization of liver metastases in patients with neuroendocrine tumors
Introduction: In the event of diffuse hepatic metastases, hepatic artery embolization (HAE) can be a successful treatment option in patients with well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumors (WNET). Although there are suggestions of activation of the angiogenesis by HAE, no information is available about the development of growth factors caused by vascular obstruction with embolization.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: MSc Catharina M Korse
Authors: Korse C M, Bonfrer J M, Taal B G, ...
#99 Gene mutations and Hypoxia Inducible Factor (HIF-1) expression as prognostic-predictive factors in pheochromocytomas/paragangliomas (P/P)
Introduction: P/P are rare tumors sporadically associated with familial disorders. In advanced/unresectable disease, no standard treatment has so far been well established. Recently a mutation of some genes (SDHB, SDHC, SDHD) involved in the pathogenesis of familial P/P was discovered. These mutations are often associated with an over-expression of HIF-1, which plays a central role in angiogenesis and cell proliferation. This pathway is known to be inhibited by some targeted therapies, such as sunitinib or sorafenib.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Emilio Bajetta