Abstract library

79 results for "array CGH".
#2745 Integrative Genomic Characterization Identifies Molecular Subtypes of Lung Carcinoids
Introduction: Lung carcinoids (LCs) are rare and slow growing primary lung neuroendocrine tumors. The WHO classify LCs into atypical and typical carcinoids. Recent studies have shown that the reproducibility of LCs classification and its prognostic efficacy have high interobserver variability
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Dr Saurabh V Laddha
#2746 Immunohistochemical Biomarker Expression in Gastro-Entero-Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors at ENETS Centre of Excellence, University Hospital Zurich, Switzerland
Introduction: Gastro-entero-pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NET) are a heterogeneous tumor entity with respect to biological behaviour and prognosis. This makes diagnosis and treatment a major challenge.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Biomarkers
Presenting Author: Dr.med. Alexander Siebenhüner
#2810 Development of a Personalized Human Immunocompetent Ex-Vivo Model of Neuroendocrine Liver Metastasis Using Precision Cut Tissue Slice Technology
Introduction: Liver metastasis (LM) are very frequent (65-95%) and represent a crucial prognostic factor in patients with gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (GEP NENs). The paucity of relevant experimental models has limited the understanding of the pathophysiology of NENs and the development of efficient therapeutic strategies
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - In vitro models, tumor growth, CTCs
Presenting Author: Ewald Doornebal
Authors: Doornebal E, Harris N, Miquel R, Zen Y, ...
#2846 Whole Genome DNA Methylation Profiling Identifies Neuroendocrine Tumor Origin
Introduction: Determining the origin of a neuroendocrine tumor (NET) of unknown primary can be challenging. Liver metastases can originate from any organ in the body, while pulmonary NETs can be metastases but also primary tumors. This especially holds true for Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1 patients, who often have multiple primary pancreatic and intestinal NETs. It is important to know the origin of the primary tumor since resection or ablation is crucial in case of treatment with curative intent. Furthermore, the site of origin determines prognosis, treatment options and eligibility for clinical trials.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Wenzel M Hackeng
#2902 DNA Methylation Analysis of the PDX1 Gene Can Be Used for PNET Subtyping and Has a Possible Prognostic Value
Introduction: Estimating prognosis of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (PNET) patients remains challenging. Mutation status of DAXX/ATRX/MEN1, histone modification patterns and immunohistochemistry for relevant transcription factors, including PDX1, were recently used to perform subtyping and distinguished two main types, A and B. These subtypes are linked to cell-of-origin and associated with clinical outcome.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Gitta Boons
#3007 An mRNA-based Classifier Identifies PanNETs with Different Clinicopathological Characteristics
Introduction: Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PanNETs) are a heterogeneous group of neoplasms that varies from indolent to highly aggressive diseases. Previous studies have suggested alterations of ATRX/DAXX as biomarkers of dismal prognosis, yet inconclusive data (especially in the metastatic setting) prevent those biomarkers to be used as routine clinical tests.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Dr Caterina Vicentini
#3053 The Splicing Machinery Is Dysregulated in Low Grade Pulmonary Neuroendocrine Tumors
Introduction: Alternative splicing dysregulation is increasingly regarded as a novel cancer hallmark influencing all key tumor features. We have shown that neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) overexpress aberrantly spliced variants of neuropeptides and receptors that increase tumor malignancy. More recently, we discovered that the splicing machinery is dysregulated in pituitary and pancreatic NETs. To date, the status of this machinery in low grade pulmonary NETs is largely unknown.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Ricardo Blázquez-Encinas
#3056 Multi-Omic Characterization and Evolution of Neuroendocrine Neoplasm Organoids
Introduction: Molecular characterizations of neuroendocrine neoplasm (NENs) have unveiled candidate alterations associated with aggressiveness and suggested that the molecular link between neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) and neuroendocrine carcinomas (NECs) might be subtler than initially thought. For example, we have recently unveiled a new entity of pulmonary carcinoids (supra-carcinoids) with carcinoid-like morphology yet the molecular and clinical features of large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC). Testing hypotheses to explain aggressiveness and the possibility of progression or transition from NET to NEC through the accumulation of genetic anomalies requires in vitro and in vivo experimental models.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Dr Matthieu Foll
#41 Immunohisochemical evaluation of EMT regulators, E- and N-cadherin in neuroendocrine Tumors of the Gastro-Entero-Pancreativ system
Introduction: Local tumor invasion represents the first step of the metastatic cascade of carcinomas, and requires changes in cell adhesion and migration properties of tumor cells. This biologic process is known as epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). One key biochemical change associated with EMT is the loss of E-cadherin expression promoted by specific transcriptional repressors such as Snail, Slug, and Twist. Overexpression of EMT inducers increases other factors, such as FoxC2, although its role in EMT is poorly understood. Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) of the gastroenteropancreatic (GEP) system, originated from the diffuse endocrine system, represent a heterogeneous group of tumors. Their prevalence has increased substantially over the past three decades, without substantial improvements in their clinical management, and their variable clinical course cannot be predicted by common clinicopathological parameters. Thus, new prognostic markers are urgently needed.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: JOSE A. GALVÁN
#62 Genome-wide DNA methylation profiling of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors identifies distinct methylation profiles and differentially methylated gene promoter regions associated with low, medium and high grade tumors
Introduction: Integration of genetics and epigenetics has emerged as a powerful approach to studying cellular differentiation (Mikkelsen et al, 2009) and tumorigenesis (Shen et al, 2007). The study of DNA methylation is of particular importance in cancer, as causal involvement has been demonstrated and it is the most stable of all epigenetic modifications, making it a desirable marker for both early detection and treatment of tumors. Hypermethylation of CpG sites in gene promoter regions leads to decreased gene expression; if such a gene is a tumor suppressor, this leads to carcinogenesis. To date, there have been no studies of genome-wide DNA methylation profiling of NETs. This study sets out to determine the DNA methylation profiles of low, intermediate and high grade pancreatic NET liver metastases with the intention of identifying dysregulated biological pathways in the development of these tumors. A protocol for the analysis formalin-fixed paraffin embedded tissue (FFPE) has also been developed in order to study these tumors in significant numbers following this pilot study.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Dr Christina Thirlwell