Abstract library

19 results for "beta".
#2739 Epigenetic Landscape of Pancreatic Neuro-Endocrine Tumors Reveals Distinct Cells of Origin and Means of Tumor Progression
Introduction: Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors (PanNETs) arise from cells of the Islets of Langerhans. The majority of PanNETs are non-functional and their cell of origin cannot be defined analysing specific hormone production. Cell of origin assessment has proven importance to identify risk factors, prevent tumour development, and tailor treatment in many malignancies. Recent data on super-enhancer signatures has suggested a potential origin of PanNET from α- or β-cells. We and others have shown that distinct epigenetic profiles assessed by DNA methylation (DNAme) characterize genomic and prognostic groups of PanNET.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Annunziata Di Domenico
#2800 Thymosin Beta 4 Is an Autocrine Mitogen for Neuroendocrine Tumour Cells
Introduction: The most commonly used NET marker chromogranin A, has a sensitivity between 60-90% and a specificity of less than 50%, hence better NET markers are needed. Previous secretome analysis using BON1, NCI-H727 and SHP-77 cell lines has led to the discovery of various candidate NET markers. One such marker is Thymosin Beta 4 (TB4). TB4 is a small 43 amino acid intracellular peptide first isolated from bovine thymus tissue.TB4 or its oxidised form TB4SO are thought to play a role in various aspects of cancer biology including tumour invasion, metastasis and apoptosis.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Signaling pathways, receptors, biomarkers
Presenting Author: Ponni Balasundaram
#2902 DNA Methylation Analysis of the PDX1 Gene Can Be Used for PNET Subtyping and Has a Possible Prognostic Value
Introduction: Estimating prognosis of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (PNET) patients remains challenging. Mutation status of DAXX/ATRX/MEN1, histone modification patterns and immunohistochemistry for relevant transcription factors, including PDX1, were recently used to perform subtyping and distinguished two main types, A and B. These subtypes are linked to cell-of-origin and associated with clinical outcome.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Gitta Boons
#2706 A New Possibility in SI-NET Surgery by Using a New β- Probe and 90Y-DOTATOC: A Pilot Study
Introduction: In neuroendocrine tumor (NET), complete surgery could better the prognosis of this disease: radioguided surgery (RGS) with beta-radioisotopes, as 90Y, is a novel approach focused on developing a new probe which, detecting electrons and operating with low background, provides a clearer delineation of the margins of lesions with low radiation exposition for surgeons.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Surgical treatment and Ablative Therapies
Presenting Author: Dr Chiara Maria Grana
#2780 Intracardiac Paragangliomas (PGLs): A Single-Institution Experience
Introduction: Intracardiac PGLs are extremely rare neuroendocrine tumors. There are few reported series in literature, indicating surgery as the most effective treatment modality.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Endocrine malignancies (MTC, pheochromocytoma) - diagnosis and therapy
Presenting Author: MD Maura Rossi
Authors: Rossi M, Bora G, Lanza G, Meda S, ...
#87 Alterations of E-cadherin, beta-catenin and caveolin-1 expression in gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors
Introduction: Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP NETs) comprise a heterogeneous group of neoplasm with different histological patterns and biological behavior. Only limited information is available on immunohistochemical prognostic factors of disease. Alterations in the cell-cell adhesion system are closely associated with cell invasion and metastasis in many malignancies, including those of endocrine origin. Abnormal expression of E-cadherin and beta-catenin has been reported to play an important role in these processes. Caveolin-1 has recently been identified as a tumor metastasis modifier factor, which might increase the cell metastasis potential through the interaction with E-cadherin. However, the role of caveolin-1 in GEP NETs cell invasion remains unknown.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: Vera V Delektorskaya
Authors: Delektorskaya V, Chemeris G, ...
#179 A Variant Pancreatic Insulinoma in MEN1 Syndrome Characterized by Normoglycemia/Normoinsulinemia but Abnormal C-Peptide and Abnormal Proinsulin Levels
Introduction: Insulinoma associated w/ hyperinsulinemia is frequent in functioning pancreatic NET in MEN 1. We report on familial variant insulinoma w/ normoglycemia/norminsulinemia, but abnormal C-peptide and proinsulin.
Conference: 8th Annual ENETS Conference (2011)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: Dr. Mohammed NMI Ahmed
Authors: Ahmed M, Al Qaraawi A, Al Faifi J, ...
#182 Ki-67 (MIB-1) Proliferative Activity and Beta-Catenin Immunoexpression in Liver Metastases of Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors
Introduction: Assessment of liver metastases biology features associated with cell proliferation and adhesion has a strong prognostic impact in patients with gastroenteropancreatic (GEP) neuroendocrine carcinomas.
Conference: 8th Annual ENETS Conference (2011)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: MD, PhD Vera V. Delektorskaya
#936 Promoter Hypermethylation at RASSF1 is a Feature of Small Intestinal Neuroendocrine Tumors
Introduction: Promoter hypermethylation of RASSF1 has been reported in many tumor types.
Conference: 11th Annual ENETS Conference 2014 (2014)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs
Presenting Author: Dr Anna Karpathakis
#946 Immunohistochemical Staining of Catecholamine-Synthesizing Enzymes in Head and Neck Paraganglioma Tissue
Introduction: Head and neck paragangliomas (HNPGLs) are non-producing neuroendocrine tumors, alhough 19-28% of patients have an increased dopamine production. The high sensitivity of 18F-DOPA PET also shows that these tumors might be able to synthesize catecholamines.
Conference: 11th Annual ENETS Conference 2014 (2014)
Category: Non digestive NETs (bronchial, MTC, pheochromocytoma)
Presenting Author: Dr Anouk Van der Horst-Schrivers