Abstract library

19 results for "beta".
#87 Alterations of E-cadherin, beta-catenin and caveolin-1 expression in gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors
Introduction: Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP NETs) comprise a heterogeneous group of neoplasm with different histological patterns and biological behavior. Only limited information is available on immunohistochemical prognostic factors of disease. Alterations in the cell-cell adhesion system are closely associated with cell invasion and metastasis in many malignancies, including those of endocrine origin. Abnormal expression of E-cadherin and beta-catenin has been reported to play an important role in these processes. Caveolin-1 has recently been identified as a tumor metastasis modifier factor, which might increase the cell metastasis potential through the interaction with E-cadherin. However, the role of caveolin-1 in GEP NETs cell invasion remains unknown.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: Vera V Delektorskaya
#182 Ki-67 (MIB-1) Proliferative Activity and Beta-Catenin Immunoexpression in Liver Metastases of Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors
Introduction: Assessment of liver metastases biology features associated with cell proliferation and adhesion has a strong prognostic impact in patients with gastroenteropancreatic (GEP) neuroendocrine carcinomas.
Conference: 8th Annual ENETS Conference (2011)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: MD, PhD Vera V. Delektorskaya
#2210 213 Bi and Ac 225 DOTATOC Receptor Labeled Targeted Alpha-Radionuclide Therapy in Neuroendocrine Tumors Refractory to Beta Radiation - Early Experience
Introduction: Radiopeptide therapy using a somatostatin analogue labeled with alpha emitters Actinium 225 and Bismuth 213 DOTATOC is a novel therapeutic option in metastatic neuroendocrine tumors (NET), with few alternative therapeutic options for patients with beta refractory disease. We report the first experience with 213Bi and Ac225 DOTATOC targeted alpha therapy (TAT) in treatment of well differentiated metastatic NETs at a tertiary care hospital in India.
Conference: 15th Annual ENETS conference 2018 (2018)
Category: Nuclear Medicine - Imaging and Therapy (PRRT)
Presenting Author: Dr Sugandha Dureja
Authors: Dureja S, Sen I, Pant V, Thak P
#975 Electron Microscopy of Pancreatic Beta Cell Neuroendocrine Tumors (NETs) in Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1 (MEN1) Knockout Mice Reveal an Adenomatous Phenotype with Depletion of Insulin Granules and Increased Mitochondrial Content
Introduction: Insulinomas are β cell neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) that secrete insulin, and ~4% of insulinoma patients have multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1). One in ten MEN1 patients present with an insulinoma. Previous reports describe insulinomas as possibly having typical granules (46.4%) or atypical smaller granules (34.3%), both associated with adenomas, or agranular cells (14.3%) associated with carcinomas. MEN1 knockout (Men1+/-) mice develop pancreatic NETs that are mostly insulinomas, and their ultrastructural phenotype is unknown. We hypothesized that these may resemble the adenoma phenotype with atypical granules.
Conference: 11th Annual ENETS Conference 2014 (2014)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs
Presenting Author: Dr Gerard V Walls
Keywords: GEP-NET
#1089 Role of TGF beta-1 in Regulating Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumor Cell Viability
Introduction: Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are heterogeneous neoplasms arising from neuroendocrine cells spread in the respiratory and gastro-entero-pancreatic epithelium. The role of transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF b-1) in NET biology is largely unknown. TGF b-1 signaling pathway is tumor suppressive in most non-transformed epithelial cell lines. In contrast, many human carcinomas are refractory to the growth–inhibitory effects of TGF b-1.
Conference: 12th Annual ENETS Conference 2015 (2015)
Category: Basic Science - mTOR and other pathways, signalling, receptors
Presenting Author: PhD student Simona Falletta
Keywords: pNET, TGF-b1, Everolimus
#2037 Stromal Immune Contexture Predicts Disease-Free Survival in Gastro-Entero-Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Neoplasms (GEP-NENs)
Introduction: Stromal Immune Contexture (SIC) helps predict prognosis in solid Tumors (T) but has been poorly investigated in gastro-entero-pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (GEP-NENs). We tested whether GEP-NENs profiling for adaptive immunity-related SIC markers, as well as inflammatory (COX2),EMT [Beta-catenin (B-cat)] and oncogenic pathway signaling (pS6) markers,could improve Ki67 and/or MO-based prediction of OS and DFS.
Conference: 15th Annual ENETS conference 2018 (2018)
Category: Basic Science - Signaling pathways, receptors, biomarkers
Presenting Author: MD, PhD Massimo Milione
#2739 Epigenetic Landscape of Pancreatic Neuro-Endocrine Tumors Reveals Distinct Cells of Origin and Means of Tumor Progression
Introduction: Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors (PanNETs) arise from cells of the Islets of Langerhans. The majority of PanNETs are non-functional and their cell of origin cannot be defined analysing specific hormone production. Cell of origin assessment has proven importance to identify risk factors, prevent tumour development, and tailor treatment in many malignancies. Recent data on super-enhancer signatures has suggested a potential origin of PanNET from α- or β-cells. We and others have shown that distinct epigenetic profiles assessed by DNA methylation (DNAme) characterize genomic and prognostic groups of PanNET.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Annunziata Di Domenico
#2800 Thymosin Beta 4 Is an Autocrine Mitogen for Neuroendocrine Tumour Cells
Introduction: The most commonly used NET marker chromogranin A, has a sensitivity between 60-90% and a specificity of less than 50%, hence better NET markers are needed. Previous secretome analysis using BON1, NCI-H727 and SHP-77 cell lines has led to the discovery of various candidate NET markers. One such marker is Thymosin Beta 4 (TB4). TB4 is a small 43 amino acid intracellular peptide first isolated from bovine thymus tissue.TB4 or its oxidised form TB4SO are thought to play a role in various aspects of cancer biology including tumour invasion, metastasis and apoptosis.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Signaling pathways, receptors, biomarkers
Presenting Author: Ponni Balasundaram
#2902 DNA Methylation Analysis of the PDX1 Gene Can Be Used for PNET Subtyping and Has a Possible Prognostic Value
Introduction: Estimating prognosis of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (PNET) patients remains challenging. Mutation status of DAXX/ATRX/MEN1, histone modification patterns and immunohistochemistry for relevant transcription factors, including PDX1, were recently used to perform subtyping and distinguished two main types, A and B. These subtypes are linked to cell-of-origin and associated with clinical outcome.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Gitta Boons
#2706 A New Possibility in SI-NET Surgery by Using a New β- Probe and 90Y-DOTATOC: A Pilot Study
Introduction: In neuroendocrine tumor (NET), complete surgery could better the prognosis of this disease: radioguided surgery (RGS) with beta-radioisotopes, as 90Y, is a novel approach focused on developing a new probe which, detecting electrons and operating with low background, provides a clearer delineation of the margins of lesions with low radiation exposition for surgeons.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Surgical treatment and Ablative Therapies
Presenting Author: Dr Chiara Maria Grana