Abstract library

12 results for "carcinogenesis".
#2707 Investigating the Crosstalk between MEN1, p53 and Notch Reveals Biomarkers of Formation of Primary Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors
Introduction: Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs) comprise a heterogeneous group of endocrine tumors. Previous studies showed that mutations of p53 are extremely rare; whereas genetic changes of MEN1 frequently occur and are correlated with poor prognosis in PNET. Still, their roles in tumorigenesis remain elusive.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Signaling pathways, receptors, biomarkers
Presenting Author: Dr Ylenia Capodanno
#2868 Differential Gene Expression May Predict Response to Somatostatin Analogues (SSAs) in Gastrointestinal (GI) Neuroendocrine Tumors (NETs)
Introduction: SSAs are commonly used to treat GI NETs as they have anti-secretory and antiproliferative effects. However, genetic markers predicting response to SSAs are lacking.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Signaling pathways, receptors, biomarkers
Presenting Author: Prof. Dr. Dr. Andreas Teufel
Authors: Teufel A, Evert K, Itzel T, Evert M, ...
#20 Paraneoplastic antigen Ma2 (PNMA2) auto-antibodies as biomarkers for early small intestine neuroendocrine tumors detection
Introduction: Small intestine neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) comprise well-differentiated NET (benign carcinoid), well-differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma (malignant carcinoid) and poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC). The majority of NET patients have developed liver metastases at the time of diagnosis and surgery is then seldom curative. Novel predictive, diagnostic and prognostic markers are thus needed to improve our capabilities to diagnose and cure these tumors. We have previously identified six novel marker genes for neuroendocrine tumor cells by using Affymetrix microarrays and advanced bioinformatics. One of this markers, the paraneoplastic antigen Ma2 (PNMA2), which is normally expressed only in nervous tissue, can in the process of carcinogenesis be detected in tumors located outside the nervous system. The finding that Ma2 is expressed in small intestine neuroendocrine primary tumors and their metastases made it interesting to screen whether antibodies against Ma2 are present in the serum of NET patients.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: PhD Valeria Giandomenico
Authors: Cui T, Elgue G, Li S C, Hurtig M, ...
#62 Genome-wide DNA methylation profiling of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors identifies distinct methylation profiles and differentially methylated gene promoter regions associated with low, medium and high grade tumors
Introduction: Integration of genetics and epigenetics has emerged as a powerful approach to studying cellular differentiation (Mikkelsen et al, 2009) and tumorigenesis (Shen et al, 2007). The study of DNA methylation is of particular importance in cancer, as causal involvement has been demonstrated and it is the most stable of all epigenetic modifications, making it a desirable marker for both early detection and treatment of tumors. Hypermethylation of CpG sites in gene promoter regions leads to decreased gene expression; if such a gene is a tumor suppressor, this leads to carcinogenesis. To date, there have been no studies of genome-wide DNA methylation profiling of NETs. This study sets out to determine the DNA methylation profiles of low, intermediate and high grade pancreatic NET liver metastases with the intention of identifying dysregulated biological pathways in the development of these tumors. A protocol for the analysis formalin-fixed paraffin embedded tissue (FFPE) has also been developed in order to study these tumors in significant numbers following this pilot study.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Dr Christina Thirlwell
#89 Hyperplasia-adenoma sequence in pituitary carcinogenesis: new insight into the role of AIP gene
Introduction: Pituitary adenoma predisposition has been recently associated with germline mutations in the Aryl-Hydrocarbon Receptor Interacting Protein (AIP) gene. This association has been detected in familial and, more rarely, in sporadic cases. The mechanisms by which the AIP mutations promote pituitary adenoma development remain unknown.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: MD Chiara Villa
#468 mir-129-5p and Let-7 are Down-Regulated in Carcinoid Tumors
Introduction: miRNAs are small non-coding RNAs that post-transcriptionally regulate gene expression by binding to complementary sequences on target mRNAs and their expression is often dysregulated in cancer.
Conference: 9th Annual ENETS Conference (2012)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Kristina Døssing
#670 The Relationship Between the Ki-67 Protein and IGF-Related Genes in Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumor Patients with Normal and Elevated Serum Chromogranin-A
Introduction: GEP-NETs are rare, heterogeneous neoplasms with a distinct biological and clinical behavior. Both IGF-system and Ki-67 indices have been reported as important stimulating factors in carcinogenesis and/or tumor progression. The tumor marker CgA is an independent predictor for survival as well. Currently no data are available about a possible interaction between IGF-system (IGF(-R)s, IRs, BPs) and Ki-67 protein in GEP-NET patients with normal and elevated serum CgA.
Conference: 10th Annual ENETS Conference 2013 (2013)
Category: Basic Science - In vitro models, tumor growth, CTCs
Presenting Author: Drs Roxanne Van Adrichem
Keywords: GEP-NET
#879 The Assessment of Proliferation in BP-NEN Entities Based on the Three Proliferation Markers Ki-67, TOP2A and RacGAP1
Introduction: The extent of cell proliferation as an important component of carcinogenesis can be detected in tumor tissues by means of various factors.
Conference: 11th Annual ENETS Conference 2014 (2014)
Category: Pathology, grading, staging
Presenting Author: Elisa Specht
#1103 Risk and Protective Factors for Midgut Carcinoid Tumours: A Case-Control Study of Prospectively Evaluated Patients
Introduction: The incidence of midgut carcinoid tumours is on the rise, but few studies have investigated risk factors for their occurrence.
Conference: 12th Annual ENETS Conference 2015 (2015)
Category: Epidemiology/Natural history/Prognosis - Descriptive epidemiology
Presenting Author: Doctor Maria Rinzivillo
#1320 Are eIFs Ingredients for Neuroendocrine Tumorigenesis?
Introduction: Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) develop in almost any organ, therefore they are a very heterogeneous group of tumors. One of the major activities in every cell is the translation of mRNA to the corresponding protein, which plays an important role in cancer development. Crucial for this translation process are eukaryotic initiation factors (eIFs), which are themselves regulated by the mammalian target of Rapamycin (mTOR)-pathway. Mutation or deregulated expression of eIFs influences cell growth and proliferation, contributing to carcinogenesis. The incidence of NETs has increased fivefold over the last three decades.
Conference: 13th Annual ENETS conference 2016 (2016)
Category: Basic Science - mTOR and other pathways, signalling, receptors
Presenting Author: MSc. Nadine Gantenbein