Abstract library

549 results for "cell".
#1115 Cancer Stem Cells in Small Intestine Neuroendocrine Cell Line P-STS: Isolation and Molecular Characterisation
Introduction: Cancer stem cells (CSCs) represent a small subpopulation of tumour cells responsible for invasive tumour growth. Even though the presence of CSCs in neuroendocrine tumours is documented, their role in neuroendocrine tumourigenesis and metastasis is not defined as yet.
Conference: 12th Annual ENETS Conference (2015)
Category: Basic Science - In vitro models, tumor growth, CTCs
Presenting Author: Florian Kleinegger
#1528 Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma Cell Lines – An Update
Introduction: Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma (MTC) originates from calcitonin-producing neuroendocrine C-cells of the thyroid gland. Mutations in the RET-proto-oncogene are associated with both sporadic and familial MTC. As MTC are poorly responsive to chemo- and radiation- therapy, surgery is the only curative treatment at the moment. The cytogenetics of MTC have been sparsely investigated because the cells are very difficult to cultivate. In the last three decades our research group has established 10 continues cell lines derived from primary tumor and lymph node metastasis of patients with either sporadic or hereditary MTC.
Conference: 13th Annual ENETS conference (2016)
Category: Basic Science - In vitro models, tumor growth, CTCs
Presenting Author: PhD Gert Schwach
#110 Slug represents an important regulator of E-cadherin expression in neuroendocrine tumor cells of the pancreas
Introduction: Neuroendocrine tumors of the pancreas form an inhomogenous group of epithelial neoplasms. They differ from other types of pancreatic cancers by showing an extended survival of patients, which is due to a mostly slow proliferation rate of the tumor. However, some of these neuroendocrine tumors are characterized by an early onset of metastases, which cannot be predicted by any available method. The epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) represents a central part of cell migration and metastasis. During EMT, cells loosen their cellular contacts, leave the tissue, and become migrating single cells. One of the integral compounds of cell adhesion represents the E-cadherin adhesion module, which contains mostly E-cadherin and several catenins. A loss of this adhesion module is associated with tumor progression, migration and metastasis in many types of cancer.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Dr Alexander König
#140 Serotonin expression in gastric neuroendocrine tumors and in foci of endocrine cell hyperplasia
Introduction: The most abundant neuroendocrine (NE) cell population of the human oxyntic mucosa is the enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cells, followed by ghrelin, somatostatin and serotonin cells, respectively. All types of ECL cell carcinoids (ECL-CCs) contain serotonin cells but in a varying frequency. Hitherto, only foci of ECL and ghrelin cell hyperplasia have been described in the peritumorous mucosa of types I and II ECL-CCs. It is established that hypergastrinaemia can cause ECL cell hyperplasia but it does not affect serotonin cells. The vesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT 2) is used as an immunohistochemical marker for ECL cells.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: MD, PhD Apostolos Tsolakis
Authors: Tsolakis A, Falkmer S, Grimelius L, ...
#113 Prolonged cell survival in xenografts from human digestive endocrine tumors
Introduction: Gastroenteropancreatic endocrine tumors have the capacity to achieve very large tumor masses despite usually very low proliferative rates. This suggests that neoplastic endocrine cells may have long life spans, implying the development of specific mechanisms able to promote cell survival.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Colette Roche
#1036 Abrogation of Autophagy by Chloroquine in Neuroendocrine Tumor Cells Treated with mTOR Inhibitors Induces Apoptosis, While Reduction of Cell Proliferation is Due to a Chloroquine, Autophagy Unrelated, Lysosomal Effect
Introduction: The therapy options for patients with advanced NETs are limited. The mTOR inhibitors (mTORi), Torin1 and NVP-BEZ235, are known to suppress cell proliferation in NETs. However, cancer cells may use mTORi-induced autophagy to prolong survival, evading the anti-cancer effect. Chloroquine (CQ) and hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) have been shown to inhibit autophagy.
Conference: 12th Annual ENETS Conference (2015)
Category: Basic Science - mTOR and other pathways, signalling, receptors
Presenting Author: PhD Shani Avniel-Polak
Keywords: NETs, autophagy, mTORi
#1183 Establishment of a New Human Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumour Cell Line
Introduction: The development of new therapeutic strategies for patients with pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours is impaired by the paucity of suitable pre-clinical models. Although the two available tumour cell lines BON and QGP have a neuroendocrine phenotype, the proliferation rate is too high for a well differentiated neuroendocrine tumour.
Conference: 12th Annual ENETS Conference (2015)
Category: Basic Science - In vitro models, tumor growth, CTCs
Presenting Author: Dr Joerg Schrader
Authors: Schrader J, Benten D, Rhotert C, Fahl M, ...
#1999 Study of Cell Cycle Protein Expression Pattern in Bronchial Carcinoids: A New Potential Target for Medical Therapy?
Introduction: Bronchial Carcinoids (BCs) are rare neuroendocrine neoplasms arising from respiratory epithelium. The only effective treatment option is surgery, but its efficacy is frequently limited by metastatic spread. Everolimus prolongs progression free survival but patients may develop resistance. Previous studies demonstrated that Everolimus reduces viability of NCI-H720 cells (Atypical Carcinoid) but not of NCI-H727 cells (Typical Carcinoid). Everolimus decreases Ciclyn D1 protein levels in both cell lines but NCI-H727 cells survive, indicating a derangement in cell cycle control.
Conference: 15th Annual ENETS conference (2018)
Category: Basic Science - Signaling pathways, receptors, biomarkers
Presenting Author: Giulia Bresciani
#428 Clinical Manifestations of Patients with Pancreatic ß Cells Hyperplasia
Introduction: Pathologic hyperplasia of pancreatic endocrine cells is uncommon. ß cell hyperplasia contributes to persistent hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia. The manifestations of patients with pancreatic ß cells hyperplasia are variable and their preop. diagnosis is difficult.
Conference: 9th Annual ENETS Conference (2012)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: Dr. Tsann Long Hwang
Authors: Hwang T L, Hsu J T, Shan Y S, ...
#622 Evaluation of Mucin and Neuroendocrine Expression in Diffuse Gastric Cancer with Signet Ring Cell Morphology
Introduction: A proportion of diffuse gastric carcinoma, according to the Lauren classification system, has signet ring cell morphology. Signet ring cells are characterized by a peripherally placed nucleus and a central amorphous substance, which is reported to be mucin based on Periodic Acid Schiff positivity (PAS). PAS is not a specific staining method for mucin. Neuroendocrine expression has previously been reported in tumor cells in diffuse type gastric cancer.
Conference: 10th Annual ENETS Conference (2013)
Category: Basic Science - mTOR and other pathways, signalling, receptors
Presenting Author: MD, PhD Øystein Sørdal