Abstract library

754 results for "cell lines".
#3004 Development of Anti-SSTR CAR T Cells for Future Treatment of NETs
Introduction: NETs overexpress somatostatin receptors (SSTRs).
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - In vitro models, tumor growth, CTCs
Presenting Author: Dr. Mauro Cives
#2980 Metabolic Dysregulation and Circadian Clock in Cellular Models of Neuroendocrine Tumors
Introduction: The circadian clock genes encode transcription factors whose interaction with nuclear receptors allows the regulation of cellular metabolism.The invalidation of the genes of the clock core is associated with the development of many endocrine diseases including neuroendocrine cancer. Recently, the family of transcriptional coactivators PGC-1a has been identified as a key element in the integration of cellular metabolic state with the circadian clock. PRC, as a member of the PGC-1 family, was able to interact with several transcription factors, including the CLOCK factor. The specific induction of this PRC factor by the cell cycle, to modulate the energy function, the MAPkinase pathway and the expression of microRNAs, makes it a key factor in the metabolic adaptation of cancer cells.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Signaling pathways, receptors, biomarkers
Presenting Author: Pr Frederique Savagner
Authors: Savagner F, Le Pennec S, ...
#2800 Thymosin Beta 4 Is an Autocrine Mitogen for Neuroendocrine Tumour Cells
Introduction: The most commonly used NET marker chromogranin A, has a sensitivity between 60-90% and a specificity of less than 50%, hence better NET markers are needed. Previous secretome analysis using BON1, NCI-H727 and SHP-77 cell lines has led to the discovery of various candidate NET markers. One such marker is Thymosin Beta 4 (TB4). TB4 is a small 43 amino acid intracellular peptide first isolated from bovine thymus tissue.TB4 or its oxidised form TB4SO are thought to play a role in various aspects of cancer biology including tumour invasion, metastasis and apoptosis.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Signaling pathways, receptors, biomarkers
Presenting Author: Ponni Balasundaram
#3030 Targeting CXCR4 and Thioredoxin Reductase in Theranostics of Atypical Carcinoid and Neuroendocrine Carcinoma
Introduction: Atypical carcinoid and small cell lung cancer (SCLC) are currently incurable. There is thus a critical need for new diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for lung neuroendocrine neoplasms (LNEN). Chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4), a G protein coupled receptor and theranostic target, plays a crucial role in metastases of LNEN. We hypothesize combination of thioredoxin reductase (TR) inhibitor represents a metabolic strategy to enhance cytotoxicity in peptide-receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) of LNEN.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Signaling pathways, receptors, biomarkers
Presenting Author: Dijie Liu
#2796 Avelumab for Advanced Merkel Cell Carcinoma in the Netherlands; A Nationwide Survey
Introduction: Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare, tumor of the skin associated with high recurrence rates and poor survival. Clinical trials have shown activity of checkpoint inhibitors targeting programmed death-(ligand)-1 (PD-(L)1). Avelumab is the only PD-L1 inhibitor that has been approved in the Netherlands for advanced/metastatic MCC (mMCC).
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Medical treatment - others, not specified
Presenting Author: MD Sonja Levy
#2739 Epigenetic Landscape of Pancreatic Neuro-Endocrine Tumors Reveals Distinct Cells of Origin and Means of Tumor Progression
Introduction: Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors (PanNETs) arise from cells of the Islets of Langerhans. The majority of PanNETs are non-functional and their cell of origin cannot be defined analysing specific hormone production. Cell of origin assessment has proven importance to identify risk factors, prevent tumour development, and tailor treatment in many malignancies. Recent data on super-enhancer signatures has suggested a potential origin of PanNET from α- or β-cells. We and others have shown that distinct epigenetic profiles assessed by DNA methylation (DNAme) characterize genomic and prognostic groups of PanNET.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Annunziata Di Domenico
#2905 DNA Methyltransferase Inhibitor Hydralazine Induces Upregulation of Somatostatin Type 2 Receptors in Human Neuroendocrine Tumor Cells
Introduction: Epidrugs like DNA methyltransferase inhibitors (DNMTi) can increase somatostatin receptor type 2 (SST2) expression in neuroendocrine tumor (NET) cells in vitro and in vivo. This effect could be used for NET patients with low SST2 expression who are currently ineligible for somatostatin analogue (SSA) treatment. However, the DNMTi known to stimulate SST2 have either a high toxicity profile or are not yet approved.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Dr Julie Refardt
#2908 Re-Cellularised Human Pancreas 3D Scaffolds as a Novel Model for Biomarker Discovery in Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumours (pNETs)
Introduction: The lack of preclinical models of pNETs has challenged identification of tissue specific biomarkers of disease. Culturing cancer cells in their native tissue enables the close study of cell-ECM interaction and tissue remodelling. The biological products of such interactions can form a basis for discovery of novel biomarkers of the disease, and were previously linked with a range of inflammatory and malignant conditions.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - In vitro models, tumor growth, CTCs
Presenting Author: PhD student & CR Alexander Ney
#2974 MEK/RAF and PARP as Novel Targets in Neuroendocrine Neoplasms – First Results from a Molecular in vitro Tumor Board
Introduction: Neuroendocrine neoplasms (NEN) are a heterogeneous group comprising well differentiated neuroendocrine tumors (NET) and poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas (NEC). Although, major progress has been made in the development of targeted therapies in various cancers, establishment of a promising personalized therapy in NEN is still pending. So far, a lack of suitable preclinical models represent a major challenge concerning the validation of a mutational based targeted therapy (MBTT)
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - In vitro models, tumor growth, CTCs
Presenting Author: Fabrice Viol
Authors: Viol F, Sipos B, Amin T, Fahl M, ...
#2827 Characterization of Epigenetic Modulation in Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Neoplasms
Introduction: Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PanNETs) represent a rare and heterogeneous tumor entity. Despite advances in therapy cancer progression and resistance mechanisms are still challenging. Recent genome wide sequencing analyses in PanNETs identified a large number of mutated genes involved in epigenetic modulation.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: MD Sebastian Krug