Abstract library

778 results for "cell of origin".
#2739 Epigenetic Landscape of Pancreatic Neuro-Endocrine Tumors Reveals Distinct Cells of Origin and Means of Tumor Progression
Introduction: Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors (PanNETs) arise from cells of the Islets of Langerhans. The majority of PanNETs are non-functional and their cell of origin cannot be defined analysing specific hormone production. Cell of origin assessment has proven importance to identify risk factors, prevent tumour development, and tailor treatment in many malignancies. Recent data on super-enhancer signatures has suggested a potential origin of PanNET from α- or β-cells. We and others have shown that distinct epigenetic profiles assessed by DNA methylation (DNAme) characterize genomic and prognostic groups of PanNET.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Annunziata Di Domenico
#3004 Development of Anti-SSTR CAR T Cells for Future Treatment of NETs
Introduction: NETs overexpress somatostatin receptors (SSTRs).
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - In vitro models, tumor growth, CTCs
Presenting Author: Dr. Mauro Cives
#3076 Endometrial Small Cell Neuroendocrine Carcinoma: Case Report and Literature Review
Introduction: Endometrial small-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (ESCNEC) is extremely rare. It is characterized by early regional and systemic spread leading to rapid development of lymph nodes, pelvic and extrapelvic metastasis and compromising the outcome.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Case reports
Presenting Author: Dr Mohammed Alaeddine Saidi
Authors: Aris H, Ghomari S, ...
#2980 Metabolic Dysregulation and Circadian Clock in Cellular Models of Neuroendocrine Tumors
Introduction: The circadian clock genes encode transcription factors whose interaction with nuclear receptors allows the regulation of cellular metabolism.The invalidation of the genes of the clock core is associated with the development of many endocrine diseases including neuroendocrine cancer. Recently, the family of transcriptional coactivators PGC-1a has been identified as a key element in the integration of cellular metabolic state with the circadian clock. PRC, as a member of the PGC-1 family, was able to interact with several transcription factors, including the CLOCK factor. The specific induction of this PRC factor by the cell cycle, to modulate the energy function, the MAPkinase pathway and the expression of microRNAs, makes it a key factor in the metabolic adaptation of cancer cells.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Signaling pathways, receptors, biomarkers
Presenting Author: Pr Frederique Savagner
Authors: Savagner F, Le Pennec S, ...
#2730 FOLFIRINEC, A Multi-Center, Randomized, Comparative Phase II Study of FOLFIRINOX vs Platinum-Etoposide as First Line Treatment for Metastatic Neuroendocrine Carcinoma of Gastroenteropancreatic or Unknown Origin, Associated with Molecular Profiling
Introduction: Grade 3 (G3) gastroenteropancreatic (GEP) neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC) are rare diseases with a poor prognosis. FOLFIRINEC is a multicenter comparative phase II study of mFOLFIRINOX vs platinum-etoposide (PE) as first line treatment for metastatic G3 NEC of GEP or unknown origin.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Trials in Progress/Trials in Concept
Presenting Author: Dr Julien Hadoux
#3049 Organoid Models of Neuroendocrine Cell Growth and Tumorigenesis
Introduction: A paucity of in vitro and in vivo models has limited the study of Neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs). Moreover, little is known about normal neuroendocrine (NE) cells and how they contribute to NEN formation.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - In vitro models, tumor growth, CTCs
Presenting Author: PhD Talya Dayton
#2902 DNA Methylation Analysis of the PDX1 Gene Can Be Used for PNET Subtyping and Has a Possible Prognostic Value
Introduction: Estimating prognosis of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (PNET) patients remains challenging. Mutation status of DAXX/ATRX/MEN1, histone modification patterns and immunohistochemistry for relevant transcription factors, including PDX1, were recently used to perform subtyping and distinguished two main types, A and B. These subtypes are linked to cell-of-origin and associated with clinical outcome.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Gitta Boons
#3005 Comparison between Tang and WHO 5th Edition Grade Classification for Goblet Cell Adenocarcinomas
Introduction: Appendiceal GCAs (previously Goblet Cell Carcinoids) are composed of cells with secretory phenotypes. Several grading systems to predict behaviour are available (e.g.Tang). The latest WHO 5th edition adopted a grading system similar to colon adenocarcinomas.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Pathology - grading, staging
Presenting Author: MD, PhD Jorge Barriuso
#2724 Overall Survival and Progression Free Survival of Patients with Large Cell Neuroendocrine Lung Cancer and Combined Large Cell Neuroendocrine Lung Cancer Treated in Clinical Stage I-IV
Introduction: Large cell neuroendocrine cancer (LCNEC) is characterized rare incidence and poor prognosis.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Trials in Progress/Trials in Concept
Presenting Author: Anna Łowczak
#2832 Lymph Node Merkel Cell Carcinoma without Primary: Long Term Survival
Introduction: Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare aggressive cutaneous neuroendocrine carcinoma with a high rate of metastasis. Approximately 5% of MCC are found in the lymph nodes (LNs) without a primary tumor on the skin.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Case reports
Presenting Author: Dr Mohammed Alaeddine Saidi
Authors: Saidi M A, Ghomari S, ...