Abstract library

167 results for "enterochromaffin-cell carcinoids".
#2983 Differential TGF-β Signalling in Typical and Atypical Bronchial Carcinoids
Introduction: Typical and atypical bronchial carcinoids (TBC and ABC) are well-differentiated neuroendocrine neoplasms (NEN). Metastatic BC having low to moderate mitotic count may still be treated with somatostatin analogues and mTOR inhibitors; however, TBC and ABC have been reported to respond very differently to therapy and an effective treatment algorithm is still lacking. TGF-β is known for its ability to activate mTOR pathway and induce epithelial mesenchymal transition, affecting cell pathophysiological capabilities such as proliferation, migration and tissue invasiveness.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Signaling pathways, receptors, biomarkers
Presenting Author: Patricia Borges de Souza
#3320 TGF-β increase caspase activation and migration in typical bronchial carcinoids
Introduction: Typical bronchial carcinoids (TBC) are well-differentiated neuroendocrine neoplasms (NEN) whose management can still be very challenging due to reduced sensitivity to therapy. Previous studies have reported TGF-β’s ability to activate mTOR pathway and induce epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT). Moreover, preliminary results show an overexpression of TGF-β signalling and caspase activation in TBC.
Conference: 18th Annual ENETS Conference 2021 (2021)
Category: Basic science - Signalling pathways, receptors, biomarkers
Presenting Author: Patricia Borges de Souza
#140 Serotonin expression in gastric neuroendocrine tumors and in foci of endocrine cell hyperplasia
Introduction: The most abundant neuroendocrine (NE) cell population of the human oxyntic mucosa is the enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cells, followed by ghrelin, somatostatin and serotonin cells, respectively. All types of ECL cell carcinoids (ECL-CCs) contain serotonin cells but in a varying frequency. Hitherto, only foci of ECL and ghrelin cell hyperplasia have been described in the peritumorous mucosa of types I and II ECL-CCs. It is established that hypergastrinaemia can cause ECL cell hyperplasia but it does not affect serotonin cells. The vesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT 2) is used as an immunohistochemical marker for ECL cells.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: MD, PhD Apostolos Tsolakis
Authors: Tsolakis A, Falkmer S, Grimelius L, ...
#2872 Characteristics of the Immunophenotype and the Status of Receptors for Somatostatin Type 2 and 5 of Typical and Atypical Carcinoids of the Lung
Introduction: Carcinoids of the lung are a wide range of tumors with various malignancy.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Signaling pathways, receptors, biomarkers
Presenting Author: MD Larisa Gurevich
#2992 The PanNENomics Project: A Call for an International Collaborative Effort Built on the Success of the LungNENomics Project
Introduction: Neuroendocrine tumors are rare understudied diseases at the molecular level, especially those occurring in sites outside the lung and the gastrointestinal track. This lack of knowledge has strong implications for the clinical management of these diseases (Rindi et al. Mad Pathol 2018).
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: PhD Lynnette Fernandez-Cuesta
#2745 Integrative Genomic Characterization Identifies Molecular Subtypes of Lung Carcinoids
Introduction: Lung carcinoids (LCs) are rare and slow growing primary lung neuroendocrine tumors. The WHO classify LCs into atypical and typical carcinoids. Recent studies have shown that the reproducibility of LCs classification and its prognostic efficacy have high interobserver variability
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Dr Saurabh V Laddha
#3020 Outcomes Following Surgical Management of Pulmonary Carcinoids – A Tertiary Center Experience
Introduction: Pulmonary carcinoids are a rare type of malignant lung tumour. Surgery forms the mainstay of management when operable. However, there is paucity of data on conservative management and effective follow-up strategies.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Non digestive NETs (bronchial, thymic, others) - diagnosis and therapy
Presenting Author: Dr Md Deloar Hoshen
#3015 Biopsy Specimen Diagnosis in Pulmonary Carcinoids, A Shot in the Dark
Introduction: Pulmonary carcinoids (PCs) are rare well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumors, which can be separated into typical carcinoid (TC) and atypical carcinoid (AC). Advised treatment for local carcinoid disease is surgical resection using lobectomy, while parenchymal saving strategies such as sub-lobar or endobronchial resection might be considered for TC. In general, pre-operative diagnosis using a (transbronchial/transthoracic) biopsy sample is performed to demonstrate malignancy. However, TC and AC classification can solely be performed on surgical resection specimens, which may challenge pre-operative treatment decisions.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Pathology - grading, staging
Presenting Author: Drs Laura Moonen
#2909 Serotonin-Secreting NeuroEndocrine Neoplasms of the Pancreas: Which Are the Primary Pancreatic Carcinoids?
Introduction: Serotonin-secreting pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (5-HT-secreting pNENs) are very rare. They are characterised by high urinary 5-hydroxyindole-acetic acid (5-HIAA) levels (or high serum 5-HT levels).
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Surgical treatment and Ablative Therapies
Presenting Author: Dr Anna Caterina Milanetto
#3056 Multi-Omic Characterization and Evolution of Neuroendocrine Neoplasm Organoids
Introduction: Molecular characterizations of neuroendocrine neoplasm (NENs) have unveiled candidate alterations associated with aggressiveness and suggested that the molecular link between neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) and neuroendocrine carcinomas (NECs) might be subtler than initially thought. For example, we have recently unveiled a new entity of pulmonary carcinoids (supra-carcinoids) with carcinoid-like morphology yet the molecular and clinical features of large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC). Testing hypotheses to explain aggressiveness and the possibility of progression or transition from NET to NEC through the accumulation of genetic anomalies requires in vitro and in vivo experimental models.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Dr Matthieu Foll