Abstract library

32 results for "epigenetic".
#2128 Epigenetic Changes in DAXX and/or ATRX Negative Pancreatic Neuro-Endocrine Tumors
Introduction: The most commonly mutated genes in Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors (PanNETs) are MEN1, DAXX and ATRX, which encode for proteins involved in epigenetic regulation. DAXX/ATRX mutated PanNETs are globally hypomethylated and behave clinically in a more aggressive way. Tumor pathways associated with these changes are still unclear. We hypothesize that DAXX/ATRX and MEN1 mutations mediate PanNET progression via epigenetic dysregulation.
Conference: 15th Annual ENETS conference 2018 (2018)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Annunziata Di Domenico
#1312 Epigenetic Remodeling upon DAXX and ATRX Loss in Pancreatic Neuro-endocrine tumors (pNETs)
Introduction: DAXX and or ATRX loss occur in 40% of sporadic pNETs. DAXX and ATRX participate in the cell epigenetic status maintenance. Epigenetic changes influence gene expression, function of telomeres and genomic stability. We hypothesize that DAXX/ATRX loss drives tumor progression in pNET through epigenetic changes affecting genomic stability.
Conference: 13th Annual ENETS conference 2016 (2016)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs
Presenting Author: Ilaria Marinoni
Keywords: DAXX/ATRX, epigenetic, CIN
#1559 MTOR Controls an Epigenetic Program Leading to Autophagy and Cell Growth Control
Introduction: Makroautophagy represents an evolutionary highly conserved process involved in the clearance of proteins and organelles. The induction of this central cellular process is tightly connected with programs regulating cell growth control. While the cytoplasmic machinery that orchestrates autophagy is relatively well understood the key epigenetic events that initiate autophagy-related cell growth programs remain largely unknown.
Conference: 13th Annual ENETS conference 2016 (2016)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs
Presenting Author: Dr. Alexander Koenig
#969 Identification of Hypoxia Induced Epigenetic Changes in the Development of Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors
Introduction: In VHL syndrome, pancreatic NETs develop through bi-allelic inactivation of VHL with subsequent HIF pathway activation. This also occurs in sporadic pancreatic NETs.
Conference: 11th Annual ENETS Conference 2014 (2014)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs
Presenting Author: Dr Harpreet K Dibra
#976 Upregulation of Somatostatin Receptor Type 2 Expression in Neuroendocrine Tumors by Epigenetic Modulation
Introduction: The somatostatin receptor type 2 (sst2) is a target for treatment of neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). However, epigenetic mechanisms might account for the high variability in sst2 expression and treatment response between patients.
Conference: 11th Annual ENETS Conference 2014 (2014)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs
Presenting Author: MSc Marije J Veenstra
Keywords: GEP-NET, sst2, epigenetics
#820 ACTG2 Inhibits Growth and Is Epigenetically Repressed in Small Intestinal Neuroendocrine Tumors
Introduction: Small intestinal neuroendocrine tumors (SI-NETs) originate from the enterochromaffin cells in the ileum. Actin gamma smooth muscle 2 (ACTG2) is downregulated in lymph node metastases from SI-NETs. ACTG2 and microRNA-145 (miR-145) are aberrantly expressed in other cancers and ACTG2 can be induced by miRNA-145.
Conference: 11th Annual ENETS Conference 2014 (2014)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs
Presenting Author: PhD candidate Katarina Edfeldt
#2739 Epigenetic Landscape of Pancreatic Neuro-Endocrine Tumors Reveals Distinct Cells of Origin and Means of Tumor Progression
Introduction: Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors (PanNETs) arise from cells of the Islets of Langerhans. The majority of PanNETs are non-functional and their cell of origin cannot be defined analysing specific hormone production. Cell of origin assessment has proven importance to identify risk factors, prevent tumour development, and tailor treatment in many malignancies. Recent data on super-enhancer signatures has suggested a potential origin of PanNET from α- or β-cells. We and others have shown that distinct epigenetic profiles assessed by DNA methylation (DNAme) characterize genomic and prognostic groups of PanNET.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Annunziata Di Domenico
#2988 Epigenetic Treatment with Histone Deacetylase Inhibitor Enhances Uptake of [111In]In-DOTA-TATE by Increased SST2 Expression on Neuroendocrine Tumor Cells
Introduction: The somatostatin-2 receptor (SST2) is a target for peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) in neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). By using epigenetic drugs, which can regulate gene transcription, PRRT efficacy may be further improved due to enhanced SST2 expression.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: MSc Ilva Klomp
#780 Epigenetic Regulation of Endogenous Somatostatin Expression in Neuroendocrine Tumors
Introduction: Somatostatin (SST) can regulate hormone secretion and cell proliferation in neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). SST expression levels in NETs likely differ between patients. DNA methylation inhibits gene transcription and can be reversed by the demethylating drug 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine (AZA).
Conference: 10th Annual ENETS Conference 2013 (2013)
Category: Biomarkers
Presenting Author: MSc Marije J. Veenstra
#62 Genome-wide DNA methylation profiling of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors identifies distinct methylation profiles and differentially methylated gene promoter regions associated with low, medium and high grade tumors
Introduction: Integration of genetics and epigenetics has emerged as a powerful approach to studying cellular differentiation (Mikkelsen et al, 2009) and tumorigenesis (Shen et al, 2007). The study of DNA methylation is of particular importance in cancer, as causal involvement has been demonstrated and it is the most stable of all epigenetic modifications, making it a desirable marker for both early detection and treatment of tumors. Hypermethylation of CpG sites in gene promoter regions leads to decreased gene expression; if such a gene is a tumor suppressor, this leads to carcinogenesis. To date, there have been no studies of genome-wide DNA methylation profiling of NETs. This study sets out to determine the DNA methylation profiles of low, intermediate and high grade pancreatic NET liver metastases with the intention of identifying dysregulated biological pathways in the development of these tumors. A protocol for the analysis formalin-fixed paraffin embedded tissue (FFPE) has also been developed in order to study these tumors in significant numbers following this pilot study.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Dr Christina Thirlwell