Abstract library

913 results for "gene expression profile".
#3007 An mRNA-based Classifier Identifies PanNETs with Different Clinicopathological Characteristics
Introduction: Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PanNETs) are a heterogeneous group of neoplasms that varies from indolent to highly aggressive diseases. Previous studies have suggested alterations of ATRX/DAXX as biomarkers of dismal prognosis, yet inconclusive data (especially in the metastatic setting) prevent those biomarkers to be used as routine clinical tests.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Dr Caterina Vicentini
#2868 Differential Gene Expression May Predict Response to Somatostatin Analogues (SSAs) in Gastrointestinal (GI) Neuroendocrine Tumors (NETs)
Introduction: SSAs are commonly used to treat GI NETs as they have anti-secretory and antiproliferative effects. However, genetic markers predicting response to SSAs are lacking.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Signaling pathways, receptors, biomarkers
Presenting Author: Prof. Dr. Dr. Andreas Teufel
Authors: Teufel A, Evert K, Itzel T, Evert M, ...
#2739 Epigenetic Landscape of Pancreatic Neuro-Endocrine Tumors Reveals Distinct Cells of Origin and Means of Tumor Progression
Introduction: Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors (PanNETs) arise from cells of the Islets of Langerhans. The majority of PanNETs are non-functional and their cell of origin cannot be defined analysing specific hormone production. Cell of origin assessment has proven importance to identify risk factors, prevent tumour development, and tailor treatment in many malignancies. Recent data on super-enhancer signatures has suggested a potential origin of PanNET from α- or β-cells. We and others have shown that distinct epigenetic profiles assessed by DNA methylation (DNAme) characterize genomic and prognostic groups of PanNET.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Annunziata Di Domenico
#3028 Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Neoplasms: Dissecting the Molecular Heterogeneity
Introduction: Pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (PNENs) are a group of rare but biologically and clinically heterogeneous neoplasms with variable patient outcomes. Little is known about the molecular differences between PNENs and the biologic significance of such divergence.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Chi-Fu Kevin Yang
Authors: Yang K C, Kalloger S, Aird J, Lee M, ...
#2963 Intrinsic Gene Programs in Metastasis-like Primary Subtype Is Associated with Early Metastatic Evolution in Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumours
Introduction: Three molecular subtypes of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (PanNETs) have been described: insulinoma-like, intermediate and metastasis-like primary (MLP). The Latter is a non-functional tumours with highly metastatic potential. A mouse model of PanNET showed that MLP subtype has two different pathways of progression including stem/progenitor and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition. However, the evolution of metastasis in patients requires further studies.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Dr Anguraj Sadanandam
#3053 The Splicing Machinery Is Dysregulated in Low Grade Pulmonary Neuroendocrine Tumors
Introduction: Alternative splicing dysregulation is increasingly regarded as a novel cancer hallmark influencing all key tumor features. We have shown that neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) overexpress aberrantly spliced variants of neuropeptides and receptors that increase tumor malignancy. More recently, we discovered that the splicing machinery is dysregulated in pituitary and pancreatic NETs. To date, the status of this machinery in low grade pulmonary NETs is largely unknown.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Ricardo Blázquez-Encinas
#2745 Integrative Genomic Characterization Identifies Molecular Subtypes of Lung Carcinoids
Introduction: Lung carcinoids (LCs) are rare and slow growing primary lung neuroendocrine tumors. The WHO classify LCs into atypical and typical carcinoids. Recent studies have shown that the reproducibility of LCs classification and its prognostic efficacy have high interobserver variability
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Dr Saurabh V Laddha
#2965 Molecular Signature of Rectal Neuroendocrine Neoplasia
Introduction: Rectal neuroendocrine tumors are rare neuroendocrine neoplasias (NEN). Little is known about prevalence and type of somatostatin receptor subtypes (sstr) expression and somatic mutations in relation to long-term clinical outcome.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Dr. Nicole Unger
Authors: Unger N, Theurer S, Herold T, Weber F, ...
#2980 Metabolic Dysregulation and Circadian Clock in Cellular Models of Neuroendocrine Tumors
Introduction: The circadian clock genes encode transcription factors whose interaction with nuclear receptors allows the regulation of cellular metabolism.The invalidation of the genes of the clock core is associated with the development of many endocrine diseases including neuroendocrine cancer. Recently, the family of transcriptional coactivators PGC-1a has been identified as a key element in the integration of cellular metabolic state with the circadian clock. PRC, as a member of the PGC-1 family, was able to interact with several transcription factors, including the CLOCK factor. The specific induction of this PRC factor by the cell cycle, to modulate the energy function, the MAPkinase pathway and the expression of microRNAs, makes it a key factor in the metabolic adaptation of cancer cells.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Signaling pathways, receptors, biomarkers
Presenting Author: Pr Frederique Savagner
Authors: Savagner F, Le Pennec S, ...
#3072 Rb and p53 Status Determination by Immunochemistry Is Complementary in Routine Practice to Genetic Testing of Neuroendocrine Neoplasms
Introduction: Rb and p53 status may help distinguishing well from poorly differentiated neuroendocrine neoplasms (NEN) and may predict response to chemotherapy. Studies correlating Rb/p53 genetic and immunohistochemistry were performed on high-quality frozen samples with high throughput techniques efficient for copy number determination. This situation differs from routine practice in which small deletions may be hard to detect on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) samples with a gene panel approach.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Biomarkers
Presenting Author: Dr Jerome Cros