Abstract library

14 results for "genome-wide".
#62 Genome-wide DNA methylation profiling of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors identifies distinct methylation profiles and differentially methylated gene promoter regions associated with low, medium and high grade tumors
Introduction: Integration of genetics and epigenetics has emerged as a powerful approach to studying cellular differentiation (Mikkelsen et al, 2009) and tumorigenesis (Shen et al, 2007). The study of DNA methylation is of particular importance in cancer, as causal involvement has been demonstrated and it is the most stable of all epigenetic modifications, making it a desirable marker for both early detection and treatment of tumors. Hypermethylation of CpG sites in gene promoter regions leads to decreased gene expression; if such a gene is a tumor suppressor, this leads to carcinogenesis. To date, there have been no studies of genome-wide DNA methylation profiling of NETs. This study sets out to determine the DNA methylation profiles of low, intermediate and high grade pancreatic NET liver metastases with the intention of identifying dysregulated biological pathways in the development of these tumors. A protocol for the analysis formalin-fixed paraffin embedded tissue (FFPE) has also been developed in order to study these tumors in significant numbers following this pilot study.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Dr Christina Thirlwell
#2139 Genome-Wide DNA Methylation Profiling of Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors
Introduction: Frequent inactivation of epigenetic regulators ATRX and DAXX in pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs) suggests an important role for epigenetic alterations in tumorigenesis. Few studies have been published regarding differential methylation patterns in PNETs and a thorough analysis of these alterations is currently lacking.
Conference: 15th Annual ENETS conference (2018)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Gitta Boons
#200 Genome-Wide MicroRNA Expression in Small Intestine Neuroendocrine Tumors (“Midgut carcinoids”): Upregulation of miRNA-182, miRNA-183 and Downregulation of miRNA-215
Introduction: MicroRNAs (miRs) may regulate cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis and function as tumor suppressors or oncogenes. MiR expression is not characterized in neuroendocrine midgut carcinoids.
Conference: 8th Annual ENETS Conference (2011)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: PhD student Su-Chen Li
#205 Integrated Genome-Wide DNA Methylation and mRNA Expression Analysis of Pancreatic NETs Identifies Differential Activation of the Hypoxia Inducible Factor (HIF) Pathway Between Low and Intermediate Grade Tumors
Introduction: This is the first study to integrate DNA methylation and mRNA expression analysis in NETs. It is a powerful approach with which to identify disrupted biological pathways in NET pathogenesis.
Conference: 8th Annual ENETS Conference (2011)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Dr Christina Thirlwell
#462 Genome-Wide Expression Profiling Reveals Downregulation of OTP and CD44 and Upregulation of RET as Indicators of Poor Prognosis in Lung Carcinoids
Introduction: Lung carcinoids comprise a heterogeneous group of neuroendocrine tumors. Only few parameters have been identified that correlated with poor disease outcome, including 11q22-q25 deletions. New biomarkers are required to further improve diagnosis and prediction of prognosis.
Conference: 9th Annual ENETS Conference (2012)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: MSc Dorian Swarts
#1829 Genome-Wide Analysis of Long Non-Coding RNAs in Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors by Microarray
Introduction: LncRNAs have been shown to play important roles in cancer biology,but expression profile of lncRNAs in pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors(pNETs) is not well understood.
Conference: 14th Annual ENETS conference (2017)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Meng Ji
Authors: Ji M, ...
#1831 Genome-Wide Analysis of lncRNAs in Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors by Microarray
Introduction: LncRNAs have been shown to play important roles in cancer biology,but expression profile of lncRNAs in pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors(pNETs) is not well understood.
Conference: 14th Annual ENETS conference (2017)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Meng Ji
Authors: Ji M, Shao C, Yang G, Tang J, ...
#424 Role of MicroRNAs in Small Intestine Neuroendocrine Tumors
Introduction: Small intestinal neuroendocrine tumors (SI-NETs) arise from enterochromaffin cells, which belong to the endocrine system. MicroRNAs (miRs) are post-transcriptional regulators. They control multiple biological processes often functioning either as tumor suppressor genes or oncogenes.
Conference: 9th Annual ENETS Conference (2012)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Su-Chen Li
Authors: Li S C, Martijn C, Essaghir A, Lloyd R, ...
#316 Utilization of Gene Network Graph Topology with Inference Relevance Analysis Delineates G Protein-coupled Receptor Pathways and CREB Targets in Small Intestinal Neuroendocrine Neoplasia
Introduction: Despite an increasing incidence, a paucity of biological information has led to major limitations in identification of plausible therapeutic targets for small intestinal neuroendocrine tumors (SINETs)
Conference: 8th Annual ENETS Conference (2011)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Dr Mark Kidd
#355 MicroRNA Signatures as Novel Biomarkers in Small Intestine Neuroendocrine Tumors
Introduction: Small intestine (SI) neuroendocrine tumors (NET) arise from serotonin-producing intraepithelial cells in the SI referred to as enterochromafin cells. The detection of SI-NETs is often concomitant with the appearance of hepatic metastasis thus most patients with SI-NET have metastases at initial presentation. MicroRNAs (miRs) are post-transcriptional key regulators in tumorigenesis which regulate expression of other genes. Little evidence of miR expression or deregulation in SI-NETs has been reported.
Conference:
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Su-Chen Li
Authors: Li S C, Ahmed E, Martijn C, Lloyd R, ...
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