Abstract library

17 results for "histone deacetylases".
#1465 Assocation Between miRNAs and HDACs in Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors
Introduction: Epigenetic factors are essentially involved in carcinogenesis, tumor promotion and chemo resistance with their major key players of miRNAs and histone deacetylases (HDACs). As shown by own theoretical databank analysis, the crosstalk between miRNAs and HDACs are relevant in different human chronic diseases and cancerogenic pathways.
Conference: 13th Annual ENETS conference 2016 (2016)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs
Presenting Author: Prof. Dr. Daniel Neureiter
#220 The Global mTOR Inhibitor Torin1 is More Effective than the mTORC1 Inhibitor, Everolimus, Alone or in Combination with Histone Deacetylases Inhibitors, in Suppressing Neuroendocrine Tumors Cell Proliferation
Introduction: Torin1, a new mTOR inhibitor that globally inhibits both mTORC1 and mTORC2, seems to impair cell growth and proliferation to a greater degree than rapamycin; its effects in NET cells are unknown.
Conference: 8th Annual ENETS Conference (2011)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Dr. Simona Grozinsky-Glasberg
#2898 Novel Preclinical Models of Small Bowel Neuroendocrine Tumors for Drug Screening
Introduction: The incidence of neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) from the small bowel (SBNETs) has increased markedly over the past several decades. Many patients with these tumors present with metastatic disease, and research into new treatment options for these tumors have been hindered by the limited number of patient-derived SBNET cell lines and in vivo models available for drug testing.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - In vitro models, tumor growth, CTCs
Presenting Author: Assistant Profes Po Hien Ear
Authors: Ear P H, Tran C, Li G, Kaemmer C, ...
#2988 Epigenetic Treatment with Histone Deacetylase Inhibitor Enhances Uptake of [111In]In-DOTA-TATE by Increased SST2 Expression on Neuroendocrine Tumor Cells
Introduction: The somatostatin-2 receptor (SST2) is a target for peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) in neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). By using epigenetic drugs, which can regulate gene transcription, PRRT efficacy may be further improved due to enhanced SST2 expression.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: MSc Ilva Klomp
#2129 Phosphohistone H3 (PHH3) Immunohistochemical Staining Outperforms Conventional H&E Mitotic Count in Classifying Pulmonary Carcinoids
Introduction: Pulmonary carcinoids (PC) are well-differentiated NETs and are classified as typical carcinoid (TC) and atypical carcinoid (AC). Despite the fact that TC and AC exhibit significant differences in patient survival, their classification depends on relatively subtle differences in mitotic count (MC). Although careful counting of mitotic figures (MF) is essential, it is a very subjective task, time-consuming and lacks of sensitivity and interobserver reproducibility, due to selection bias of the hot spots, heterogeneous distribution of MF, difficulty in distinguishing MF from similar chromatin changes (i.e. in apoptotic cells or due to crush, karyorrhectic debris, pyknosis or apoptosis).
Conference: 15th Annual ENETS conference 2018 (2018)
Category: Pathology - grading, staging
Presenting Author: Dr Tu Vinh Luong
#2905 DNA Methyltransferase Inhibitor Hydralazine Induces Upregulation of Somatostatin Type 2 Receptors in Human Neuroendocrine Tumor Cells
Introduction: Epidrugs like DNA methyltransferase inhibitors (DNMTi) can increase somatostatin receptor type 2 (SST2) expression in neuroendocrine tumor (NET) cells in vitro and in vivo. This effect could be used for NET patients with low SST2 expression who are currently ineligible for somatostatin analogue (SSA) treatment. However, the DNMTi known to stimulate SST2 have either a high toxicity profile or are not yet approved.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Dr Julie Refardt
#2126 Histone Replacement in Cancer: Dissecting the Role of H3.3 Chaperones in Pancreatic Tumorigenesis
Introduction: Cancer driver mutations affecting the histone H3.3 chromatin remodellers ATRX and DAXX were recently discovered in 43% of sporadic pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (PNET). Progressive age-dependent replacement of canonical H3.1/2 with H3.3 is crucial for maintaining genome integrity through expression of repressive markers at heterochromatic sites, where loading is mediated by ATRX and DAXX. Loss of H3.3 chaperones in PNET is associated with activation of ALT, a telomere maintenance mechanism, eventually leading to chromosome instability. It has been suggested that ATRX/DAXX expression is necessary for repressing ALT, but mechanistic details of this interaction are not fully understood.
Conference: 15th Annual ENETS conference 2018 (2018)
Category: Basic Science - In vitro models, tumor growth, CTCs
Presenting Author: PhD Student Teresa Sposito
#976 Upregulation of Somatostatin Receptor Type 2 Expression in Neuroendocrine Tumors by Epigenetic Modulation
Introduction: The somatostatin receptor type 2 (sst2) is a target for treatment of neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). However, epigenetic mechanisms might account for the high variability in sst2 expression and treatment response between patients.
Conference: 11th Annual ENETS Conference 2014 (2014)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs
Presenting Author: MSc Marije J Veenstra
Keywords: GEP-NET, sst2, epigenetics
#2279 Expression of FOXM1 in G3 Neuroendocrine Tumors (NET G3) and G3 Neuroendocrine Carcinomas (NEC G3) of the Pancreas and the Intestine
Introduction: G3 gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (G3 NET) and carcinomas (G3 NEC) differ considerably concerning their biological behavior and patients outcome. Whereas the WHO2017 classification for pancreatic NETs proposes a distinction of both groups using the Ki-67 proliferation marker (Klöppel et al. Reviews and Reports 2017), a useful marker for the subclassification of G3 intestinal NETs have not been recommended until now.
Conference: 15th Annual ENETS conference 2018 (2018)
Category: Basic Science - Signaling pathways, receptors, biomarkers
Presenting Author: Dr. Franziska Briest
#119 Valproic acid induces apoptosis-mediated cell death of the ileal carcinoid cell line GOT1
Introduction: Downregulation of tumor suppressor genes, evasion from apoptosis, and reduced differentiation are hallmarks of cancer that can be due to abnormal epigenetic control. Histone deacetylase (HDAC) is an enzyme involved in the deacetylation of histone proteins, resulting in chromatin remodelling and altered gene transcription. HDAC inhibitors are emerging as useful anticancer drugs.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Yvonne Arvidsson
Authors: Arvidsson Y, Ahlman H, Nilsson O, ...