Abstract library

1905 results for "human neuroendocrine cell line".
#38 Expression of mTOR signaling pathway and effects of mTOR inhibitors on its pathway in human neuroendocrine tumors
Introduction: Neuroendocrine tumors (NET), especially well-differentiated endocrine tumors, are often slow-growing, indolent, and may not become clinically apparent until the manifestations of metastatic spread or carcinoid syndrome. Results of previous studies demonstrated that phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway may be activated in the great majority of NET cells. mTOR inhibitors are therefore considered effective anti-tumor reagents but they may also induce an activation of PI3K/Akt and MAPK pathways as a compensatory action and reduce their own anti-tumor activities.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Professor Hironobu Sasano
Authors: Iida S, Miki Y, Ono K, Sasano H
#110 Slug represents an important regulator of E-cadherin expression in neuroendocrine tumor cells of the pancreas
Introduction: Neuroendocrine tumors of the pancreas form an inhomogenous group of epithelial neoplasms. They differ from other types of pancreatic cancers by showing an extended survival of patients, which is due to a mostly slow proliferation rate of the tumor. However, some of these neuroendocrine tumors are characterized by an early onset of metastases, which cannot be predicted by any available method. The epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) represents a central part of cell migration and metastasis. During EMT, cells loosen their cellular contacts, leave the tissue, and become migrating single cells. One of the integral compounds of cell adhesion represents the E-cadherin adhesion module, which contains mostly E-cadherin and several catenins. A loss of this adhesion module is associated with tumor progression, migration and metastasis in many types of cancer.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Dr Alexander König
#140 Serotonin expression in gastric neuroendocrine tumors and in foci of endocrine cell hyperplasia
Introduction: The most abundant neuroendocrine (NE) cell population of the human oxyntic mucosa is the enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cells, followed by ghrelin, somatostatin and serotonin cells, respectively. All types of ECL cell carcinoids (ECL-CCs) contain serotonin cells but in a varying frequency. Hitherto, only foci of ECL and ghrelin cell hyperplasia have been described in the peritumorous mucosa of types I and II ECL-CCs. It is established that hypergastrinaemia can cause ECL cell hyperplasia but it does not affect serotonin cells. The vesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT 2) is used as an immunohistochemical marker for ECL cells.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: MD, PhD Apostolos Tsolakis
Authors: Tsolakis A, Falkmer S, Grimelius L, ...
#198 Novel Insights in Octreotide Effects on Human Neuroendocrine Cell Line CNDT2.5
Introduction: Octreotide, the first synthetic somatostatin analog available for clinical use, efficiently binds somatostatin receptors (SSRs) 2 and 5 and may transduce its effects by using SSRs.
Conference: 8th Annual ENETS Conference (2011)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Su-Chen Li
Authors: Li S C, Cui T, Martijn C, Öberg K, ...
#265 A Novel PKCßII Inhibitor Induces Antiproliferative Effects in Human Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumor Cells
Introduction: Deregulation of the protein kinase C (PKC) signaling pathway has been implicated in tumor progression.
Conference: 8th Annual ENETS Conference (2011)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: MD Maria Chiara Zatelli
#532 Effect of the Combined Administration of mTOR Inhibitor and Dopamine or Somatostatin Analogues in a Human Bronchial Neuroendocrine Cell Line
Introduction: The mTOR inhibitor rapamycin (RAP) has been considered an anticancer agent. The role of dopamine and somatostatin in controlling cell secretion and proliferation in neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) is still unclear.
Conference: 9th Annual ENETS Conference (2012)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Prof Rosario Pivonello
#624 Identification of New GPCR Targets in NET Cell Lines Using Ligand Screening
Introduction: Although somatostatin analogs constitute an important part of current therapeutic strategies, both hypersecretion and proliferation of NETs cannot be controlled efficiently in many patients. Identifying and dissecting new molecular targets and regulatory pathways may help to improve diagnostic and therapeutic options for NET patients.
Conference: 10th Annual ENETS Conference (2013)
Category: Basic Science - mTOR and other pathways, signalling, receptors
Presenting Author: Dr. Carsten Grötzinger
Authors: Körner J, Schuldt C, Giesecke Y, Du J, ...
#743 In Vitro Anticancer Effect of Metformin on Neuroendocrine Tumor Cells
Introduction: Patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) type 1 develop pancreatic NETs as well as bronchus carcinoids. No prophylactic drug is available yet. Metformin has been reported to act on the AMPK/mTOR signalling pathway and exhibit antitumoral activity in several cancer cell lines.
Conference: 10th Annual ENETS Conference (2013)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs
Presenting Author: George Vlotides
#775 Whole Exome Sequence Of BON-1 And QGP-1, Two Human Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumor Cell Lines, Reveals Homozygous Loss Of Function Mutations In TP53, HRNR and CYFIP2.
Introduction: The human BON-1 and QGP-1 cell lines are two models often used in pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (PNET) research. Data on protein-changing mutations in these cell lines is lacking.
Conference: 10th Annual ENETS Conference (2013)
Category: Non digestive NETs (bronchial, MTC, pheochromocytoma)
Presenting Author: Timon Vandamme
#874 The pan-TRK Inhibitor GNF5837 Inhibits Cell Viability and Akt and MAPK Signaling in Human Neuroendocrine GOT1 Tumor Cells
Introduction: The tropomyosin receptor kinase family (TRKA, TRKB, TRKC) effects tumor cell growth in various models. Recent preclinical studies in neuroendocrine carcinoma of the lung cell lines have shown that Trk receptors might be a therapeutic target for neuroendocrine neoplasias.
Conference: 11th Annual ENETS Conference (2014)
Category: Basic Science - mTOR and other pathways, signalling, receptors
Presenting Author: PD Dr. Christoph Auernhammer