Abstract library

367 results for "methylation specific PCR".
#212 Reduced MEN1 Gene Expression in Pulmonary Carcinoids Is Associated With Metastatic Disease
Introduction: Lung carcinoids are neuroendocrine tumors that can be classified as typical (TC) or atypical (AC) carcinoids. Previously, MEN-1 mutations and associated LOH of 11q13 have been implied in tumorigenesis.
Conference: 8th Annual ENETS Conference (2011)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: MSc Dorian R.A. Swarts
#471 Alterations of Global and Gene-Specific DNA Methylation in Midgut Carcinoids
Introduction: Epigenetic alterations of DNA methylation are known to be associated with the clinical presentation of midgut carcinoids.
Conference: 9th Annual ENETS Conference (2012)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Omid Fotouhi
#1227 Molecular Profiling of Small Intestinal Neuroendocrine Tumours (SINETs)
Introduction: Aberrant DNA methylation plays an role in the pathogenesis of many cancers, however little is known about its role in SINET development.
Conference: 12th Annual ENETS Conference 2015 (2015)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs
Presenting Author: Dr Anna Karpathakis
#2739 Epigenetic Landscape of Pancreatic Neuro-Endocrine Tumors Reveals Distinct Cells of Origin and Means of Tumor Progression
Introduction: Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors (PanNETs) arise from cells of the Islets of Langerhans. The majority of PanNETs are non-functional and their cell of origin cannot be defined analysing specific hormone production. Cell of origin assessment has proven importance to identify risk factors, prevent tumour development, and tailor treatment in many malignancies. Recent data on super-enhancer signatures has suggested a potential origin of PanNET from α- or β-cells. We and others have shown that distinct epigenetic profiles assessed by DNA methylation (DNAme) characterize genomic and prognostic groups of PanNET.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Annunziata Di Domenico
#2846 Whole Genome DNA Methylation Profiling Identifies Neuroendocrine Tumor Origin
Introduction: Determining the origin of a neuroendocrine tumor (NET) of unknown primary can be challenging. Liver metastases can originate from any organ in the body, while pulmonary NETs can be metastases but also primary tumors. This especially holds true for Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1 patients, who often have multiple primary pancreatic and intestinal NETs. It is important to know the origin of the primary tumor since resection or ablation is crucial in case of treatment with curative intent. Furthermore, the site of origin determines prognosis, treatment options and eligibility for clinical trials.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Wenzel M Hackeng
#72 Reduced expression of p27 and the occurrence of CpG island methylator phenotype in insulinomas
Introduction: The molecular pathogenesis of sporadic insulinoma is unclear, though some of the genes were found to be slienced by promoter methylation. CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) was found in a number of common tumors and correlated with loss of expression of p27, which may contribute to the tumorigenesis of the tumors.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Dr Yuan-Jia Chen
Authors: Chen Y J, Zhou Q, Xiao Y, Zhu Y, ...
#936 Promoter Hypermethylation at RASSF1 is a Feature of Small Intestinal Neuroendocrine Tumors
Introduction: Promoter hypermethylation of RASSF1 has been reported in many tumor types.
Conference: 11th Annual ENETS Conference 2014 (2014)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs
Presenting Author: Dr Anna Karpathakis
#62 Genome-wide DNA methylation profiling of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors identifies distinct methylation profiles and differentially methylated gene promoter regions associated with low, medium and high grade tumors
Introduction: Integration of genetics and epigenetics has emerged as a powerful approach to studying cellular differentiation (Mikkelsen et al, 2009) and tumorigenesis (Shen et al, 2007). The study of DNA methylation is of particular importance in cancer, as causal involvement has been demonstrated and it is the most stable of all epigenetic modifications, making it a desirable marker for both early detection and treatment of tumors. Hypermethylation of CpG sites in gene promoter regions leads to decreased gene expression; if such a gene is a tumor suppressor, this leads to carcinogenesis. To date, there have been no studies of genome-wide DNA methylation profiling of NETs. This study sets out to determine the DNA methylation profiles of low, intermediate and high grade pancreatic NET liver metastases with the intention of identifying dysregulated biological pathways in the development of these tumors. A protocol for the analysis formalin-fixed paraffin embedded tissue (FFPE) has also been developed in order to study these tumors in significant numbers following this pilot study.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Dr Christina Thirlwell
#2139 Genome-Wide DNA Methylation Profiling of Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors
Introduction: Frequent inactivation of epigenetic regulators ATRX and DAXX in pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs) suggests an important role for epigenetic alterations in tumorigenesis. Few studies have been published regarding differential methylation patterns in PNETs and a thorough analysis of these alterations is currently lacking.
Conference: 15th Annual ENETS conference 2018 (2018)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Gitta Boons
#748 O6-Methylguanine-DNA Methyltransferase Deficiency in Neuroendocrine Tumors and Correlation with Response to Alkylating Agents (Temozolomide, Streptozotocin, Dacarbazine)
Introduction: Low O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) expression is predictive of response to alkylants in some tumor types.
Conference: 10th Annual ENETS Conference 2013 (2013)
Category: PRRT-Ablative therapies-Endoscopic treatment
Presenting Author: MD thomas Walter
Keywords: MGMT