Abstract library

208 results for "micro RNA targets.".
#2786 Outcome of NET Liver Metastases Treated by TAE Using Microspheres
Introduction: Liver metastases are common in patients with neuroendocrine tumors (NETs), which are associated with the prognosis. Transarterial embolization (TAE) is one of the options for selective therapy in patients with multiple unresectable progressive liver metastases after chemotherapy.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Imaging and Interventions (radiology, endoscopy)
Presenting Author: Xiaoliang Chen
Authors: Chen X, Hu L
#2906 Change of Lactate Transporter (MCT4) Expression in Pancreatic Microadenomas and Stages of Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors
Introduction: Metabolic changes are observed in early and late stages of Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors (PanNET) in mouse models. In human PanNET, RNA-expression analysis showed changes in glucose metabolism in more aggressive PanNET.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Signaling pathways, receptors, biomarkers
Presenting Author: Dr. Konstantin Bräutigam
#3058 Diagnosis and Assessment of Effectiveness of Surgical Resection of Small Bowel Neuroendocrine Tumours: The Roles of Circulating MicroRNAs
Introduction: MicroRNAs (miRNA) are small noncoding RNA molecules implicated in the pathophysiology of myriad neoplasms. Clinically useful biomarkers are needed in SB NET to ascertain disease aggressiveness, select treatment strategy, detect early recurrence and monitor response.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Biomarkers
Presenting Author: Dr Ashley Clift
#2746 Immunohistochemical Biomarker Expression in Gastro-Entero-Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors at ENETS Centre of Excellence, University Hospital Zurich, Switzerland
Introduction: Gastro-entero-pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NET) are a heterogeneous tumor entity with respect to biological behaviour and prognosis. This makes diagnosis and treatment a major challenge.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Biomarkers
Presenting Author: Dr.med. Alexander Siebenhüner
#2980 Metabolic Dysregulation and Circadian Clock in Cellular Models of Neuroendocrine Tumors
Introduction: The circadian clock genes encode transcription factors whose interaction with nuclear receptors allows the regulation of cellular metabolism.The invalidation of the genes of the clock core is associated with the development of many endocrine diseases including neuroendocrine cancer. Recently, the family of transcriptional coactivators PGC-1a has been identified as a key element in the integration of cellular metabolic state with the circadian clock. PRC, as a member of the PGC-1 family, was able to interact with several transcription factors, including the CLOCK factor. The specific induction of this PRC factor by the cell cycle, to modulate the energy function, the MAPkinase pathway and the expression of microRNAs, makes it a key factor in the metabolic adaptation of cancer cells.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Signaling pathways, receptors, biomarkers
Presenting Author: Pr Frederique Savagner
Authors: Savagner F, Le Pennec S, ...
#3053 The Splicing Machinery Is Dysregulated in Low Grade Pulmonary Neuroendocrine Tumors
Introduction: Alternative splicing dysregulation is increasingly regarded as a novel cancer hallmark influencing all key tumor features. We have shown that neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) overexpress aberrantly spliced variants of neuropeptides and receptors that increase tumor malignancy. More recently, we discovered that the splicing machinery is dysregulated in pituitary and pancreatic NETs. To date, the status of this machinery in low grade pulmonary NETs is largely unknown.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Ricardo Blázquez-Encinas
#2693 The Distinctive Character of Micro-Vasculature and Immune Cell Infiltration in Cystic Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors
Introduction: Hypervascularity is main character of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PanNETs), cystic PanNET (CPanNET) are unique type of PanNETs for which the microenvironment remains unknown.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Biomarkers
Presenting Author: Heli Gao
Authors: Gao H, ...
#62 Genome-wide DNA methylation profiling of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors identifies distinct methylation profiles and differentially methylated gene promoter regions associated with low, medium and high grade tumors
Introduction: Integration of genetics and epigenetics has emerged as a powerful approach to studying cellular differentiation (Mikkelsen et al, 2009) and tumorigenesis (Shen et al, 2007). The study of DNA methylation is of particular importance in cancer, as causal involvement has been demonstrated and it is the most stable of all epigenetic modifications, making it a desirable marker for both early detection and treatment of tumors. Hypermethylation of CpG sites in gene promoter regions leads to decreased gene expression; if such a gene is a tumor suppressor, this leads to carcinogenesis. To date, there have been no studies of genome-wide DNA methylation profiling of NETs. This study sets out to determine the DNA methylation profiles of low, intermediate and high grade pancreatic NET liver metastases with the intention of identifying dysregulated biological pathways in the development of these tumors. A protocol for the analysis formalin-fixed paraffin embedded tissue (FFPE) has also been developed in order to study these tumors in significant numbers following this pilot study.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Dr Christina Thirlwell
#246 SDHB Loss Predicts Malignancy in Pheochromocytomas/Sympathethic Paragangliomas, but Not Through Hypoxia Signalling
Introduction: To date there is no reliable histopathological marker of malignancy for pheochromocytomas/sympathetic paragangliomas (PCC/PGL). It is well-known that PCC/PGL in the hereditary context of an SDHB germline mutation very often metastasize. The immunohistochemical loss of SDHB expression was recently shown to be a surrogate marker for the presence of an SDH germline mutation in PCC/PGL. SDHB loss is supposed to be tumorigenic via activation of hypoxia signals.
Conference: 8th Annual ENETS Conference (2011)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Dr Anja M Schmitt
#312 Evidence for the role of miR196a in regulating small intestinal neuroendocrine tumor proliferation and metastasis via HOX/AKT pathway activation
Introduction: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis functioning as tumor suppressor genes but their role in NET proliferation and metastasis has not been fully evaluated.
Conference: 8th Annual ENETS Conference (2011)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Dr Mark Kidd
Authors: Kidd M, Lawrence B, Alaimo D, Svejda B, ...