Abstract library

179 results for "mouse model".
#2126 Histone Replacement in Cancer: Dissecting the Role of H3.3 Chaperones in Pancreatic Tumorigenesis
Introduction: Cancer driver mutations affecting the histone H3.3 chromatin remodellers ATRX and DAXX were recently discovered in 43% of sporadic pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (PNET). Progressive age-dependent replacement of canonical H3.1/2 with H3.3 is crucial for maintaining genome integrity through expression of repressive markers at heterochromatic sites, where loading is mediated by ATRX and DAXX. Loss of H3.3 chaperones in PNET is associated with activation of ALT, a telomere maintenance mechanism, eventually leading to chromosome instability. It has been suggested that ATRX/DAXX expression is necessary for repressing ALT, but mechanistic details of this interaction are not fully understood.
Conference: 15th Annual ENETS conference (2018)
Category: Basic Science - In vitro models, tumor growth, CTCs
Presenting Author: PhD Student Teresa Sposito
#2742 Anti-Tumor Effects of Semaphorin 4D Blockade Unravel a Novel Pro-Invasive Mechanism of Vascular Targeting Agents
Introduction: One of the main consequences of inhibition of neovessel growth produced by angiogenesis inhibitors is increased intratumor hypoxia. Growing evidence indicates that tumor cells escape from this hypoxic environment to better nourished locations, presenting hypoxia as a positive stimulus for invasion. Particularly, anti-VEGF/R therapies produce hypoxia-induced invasion and metastasis in a spontaneous mouse model of pancreatic neuroendocrine cancer, RIP1-Tag2.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Signaling pathways, receptors, biomarkers
Presenting Author: PhD Oriol Casanovas
#1637 The Effect of the Autophagy Inhibitor Chloroquine (CQ), Alone or in Combination with mTOR Inhibitors, on Neuroendocrine Tumor (NET) Growth and Metastatic Spread in Mouse Models
Introduction: mTOR inhibitors (mTORi) such as RAD001 demonstrated promising anti-cancer effect in NETs. Autophagy, a cell survival mechanism, is activated by mTORi. We have recently shown in the human NET cell line BON1 that autophagy is essential for cell survival. Treatment with CQ alone or together with mTORi robustly inhibited cell proliferation and survival, suggesting that treatment with CQ may potentiate the anti-tumorigenic effects of mTORi.
Conference: 14th Annual ENETS conference (2017)
Category: Basic Science - In vitro models, tumor growth, CTCs
Presenting Author: MD Simona Grozinsky-Glasberg
Keywords: autophagy, mTORi, NET
#746 Aspirin Delays the Development/Progression of Neuroendocrine Pancreatic Neoplasms and Prolongs Survival in a Transgenic Mouse Model of Islet Cell Tumors
Introduction: So far, there are no chemopreventive strategies for neuroendocrine pancreatic neoplasms.
Conference: 10th Annual ENETS Conference (2013)
Category: Medical treatment - Others
Presenting Author: Prof.Dr. Volker Fendrich
#1539 Slit-Robo Signaling Links to Ras Activity to Suppress Metastasis and Is Associated with Time-to-Progression in Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors
Introduction: mRNA signatures of distinct metastatic phenotypes of pancreatic NETs (pNETs) exhibit differences in several components of the Slit-Robo axon guidance system.
Conference: 13th Annual ENETS conference (2016)
Category: Basic Science - mTOR and other pathways, signalling, receptors
Presenting Author: PD Dr. med. Christian Fischer
#1488 Chemoprevention with a Long Acting Somatostatin Analogue in a Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1 (MEN1) Knockout Mouse Model Does Delay the Progression of Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Neoplasms (pNENs)
Introduction: Long acting somatostatin analogues (LAR) are an essential part of the treatment of neuroendocrine tumours.
Conference: 13th Annual ENETS conference (2016)
Category: Basic Science - In vitro models, tumor growth, CTCs
Presenting Author: MD Caroline Lopez
#2963 Intrinsic Gene Programs in Metastasis-like Primary Subtype Is Associated with Early Metastatic Evolution in Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumours
Introduction: Three molecular subtypes of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (PanNETs) have been described: insulinoma-like, intermediate and metastasis-like primary (MLP). The Latter is a non-functional tumours with highly metastatic potential. A mouse model of PanNET showed that MLP subtype has two different pathways of progression including stem/progenitor and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition. However, the evolution of metastasis in patients requires further studies.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Dr Anguraj Sadanandam
#788 A Novel Animal Model for Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma
Introduction: Medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) is a neuroendocrine cancer originating from calcitonin-producing C-cells. Surgical resection is the most effective treatment currently available. Understanding the molecular pathways mediating MTC is crucial for the development of novel therapies. Cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5) and its activators, p35 and p25, have recently been implicated in MTC etiology. P25 is a cleavage product of p35 and the binding of p25 to Cdk5 leads to aberrant Cdk5 activity.
Conference: 10th Annual ENETS Conference (2013)
Category: Epidemiology/Natural history/Prognosis - Registries, nationwide and regional surveys
Presenting Author: Dr Karine Pozo
Authors: Pozo K, Castro-Rivera E, Tan C, Siegl V, ...
Keywords: thyroid, Cdk5
#2081 Preclinical Testing of SSA Compounds in a Model of Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors to Optimize Scheduling and Drug Exposition
Introduction: Somatostatin analogues (SSA) such as Octreotide and Lanreotide have demonstrated a significant benefit in Neuroendocrine Tumors, particularly in the well/moderately differentiated types. Nevertheless, there are still several aspects of SSA treatments that remain unsolved, such as drug exposition in patients and schedule optimization.
Conference: 15th Annual ENETS conference (2018)
Category: Basic Science - In vitro models, tumor growth, CTCs
Presenting Author: PhD Oriol Casanovas
#2180 BRAF-V600E Driven Mutations in Grade 3 Neuroendocrine Carcinomas of Colon Origin: Results from Genomic/Epigenomic Profilings and Patient-Derived Mouse Model
Introduction: NECs of colon origin are orphan and highly aggressive neoplasms with limited molecular knowledge.
Conference: 15th Annual ENETS conference (2018)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Dr Jaume Capdevila
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