Abstract library

2009 results for "neuroendocrine tumor cell lines".
#16 Endoglin as indicator of metastatic neuroendocrine tumors of the pancreas
Introduction: Neuroendocrine tumors of the pancreas are rare, highly vascularized tumors. Endoglin, a Transforming Growth Factor-β co-receptor, is a marker for angiogenic endothelial cells. Angiogenesis is required for tumor progression and the development of metastases. Recently, endoglin expression was found to be a prognostic marker in pancreatic carcinomas. However, the role of endoglin in neuroendocrine pancreatic tumors has so far not been studied.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Patricia Kuiper
#20 Paraneoplastic antigen Ma2 (PNMA2) auto-antibodies as biomarkers for early small intestine neuroendocrine tumors detection
Introduction: Small intestine neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) comprise well-differentiated NET (benign carcinoid), well-differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma (malignant carcinoid) and poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC). The majority of NET patients have developed liver metastases at the time of diagnosis and surgery is then seldom curative. Novel predictive, diagnostic and prognostic markers are thus needed to improve our capabilities to diagnose and cure these tumors. We have previously identified six novel marker genes for neuroendocrine tumor cells by using Affymetrix microarrays and advanced bioinformatics. One of this markers, the paraneoplastic antigen Ma2 (PNMA2), which is normally expressed only in nervous tissue, can in the process of carcinogenesis be detected in tumors located outside the nervous system. The finding that Ma2 is expressed in small intestine neuroendocrine primary tumors and their metastases made it interesting to screen whether antibodies against Ma2 are present in the serum of NET patients.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: PhD Valeria Giandomenico
Authors: Cui T, Elgue G, Li S C, Hurtig M, ...
#33 Survival of Neuroendocrine Tumour Patients in Newcastle NHS Foundation Trust
Introduction: Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are rare neoplasms, with an incidence of 2-2.4 per 100,000, which derive from the neurones and epithelial cells of the diffuse neuroendocrine system. Neuropeptide-secreting NETs may present with overt clinical symptoms including abdominal pain, flushing and diarrhoea, whereas non-functioning NETs may be asymptomatic or present with obstructive symptoms. In Newcastle NHS Foundation Trust, NET patients are managed with a multi-disciplinary approach, according to UK and European NET guidelines.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: Dr Andy James
Authors: Hearn K, Teo L, Bernstone G, Johnson S, ...
#38 Expression of mTOR signaling pathway and effects of mTOR inhibitors on its pathway in human neuroendocrine tumors
Introduction: Neuroendocrine tumors (NET), especially well-differentiated endocrine tumors, are often slow-growing, indolent, and may not become clinically apparent until the manifestations of metastatic spread or carcinoid syndrome. Results of previous studies demonstrated that phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway may be activated in the great majority of NET cells. mTOR inhibitors are therefore considered effective anti-tumor reagents but they may also induce an activation of PI3K/Akt and MAPK pathways as a compensatory action and reduce their own anti-tumor activities.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Professor Hironobu Sasano
Authors: Iida S, Miki Y, Ono K, Sasano H, ...
#61 Multiple tumors in patients with pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours: morphological and immunohistochemical characteristics
Introduction: Pancreatic islet cell tumors occur in 80% of patients with MEN 1. Tumors are often multicentric. They often produce multiple peptides and biogenic amines.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Prof Larisa Gurevich
#88 EpCam expression and detection of circulating tumor cells in neuroendocrine tumors
Introduction: Using the CellSearchTM system, circulating tumor cells (CTCs) can be reproducibly enumerated according to expression of EpCAM and cytokeratins 8, 18 or 19 and the absence of the haemopoietic marker CD45. The number of CTCs detected in 7.5 mls blood has been shown to correlate with prognosis in breast, colon and prostate cancer and can predict response to therapy. Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) have not previously been reported to express EpCAM and have not been systematically assessed for presence of CTCs. We have therefore explored the expression of EpCAM in NETs and the detection of NET cells in the circulation.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: Dr Mohid S Khan
#108 Everolimus (RAD001) induces tumor response in patients with medullary thyroid cancer: an in vivo and in vitro study
Introduction: Medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) is a neuroendocrine tumor (NET) of the thyroid C cells which is known to express somatostatin receptors. Octreotide, a somatostatin analogue exerting both antisecretory and antitumor activity in different types of NETs, has shown low efficacy in MTC. Everolimus (RAD001), an inhibitor of mTOR, has shown antitumor effects in patients with NETs and synergistic effects when combined with octreotide. Until recently, RAD001 has never been evaluated in MTC.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: MD, PhD Antongiulio Faggiano
#110 Slug represents an important regulator of E-cadherin expression in neuroendocrine tumor cells of the pancreas
Introduction: Neuroendocrine tumors of the pancreas form an inhomogenous group of epithelial neoplasms. They differ from other types of pancreatic cancers by showing an extended survival of patients, which is due to a mostly slow proliferation rate of the tumor. However, some of these neuroendocrine tumors are characterized by an early onset of metastases, which cannot be predicted by any available method. The epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) represents a central part of cell migration and metastasis. During EMT, cells loosen their cellular contacts, leave the tissue, and become migrating single cells. One of the integral compounds of cell adhesion represents the E-cadherin adhesion module, which contains mostly E-cadherin and several catenins. A loss of this adhesion module is associated with tumor progression, migration and metastasis in many types of cancer.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Dr Alexander König
#141 Incidence of second primary tumors in patients with neuroendocrine tumors
Introduction: Based on epidemiological data from SEER 1950-1999, 22.4% cases of non-carcinoid second primary tumors have been described in patients diagnosed with neuroendocrine tumors. The incidence of this type of tumors varies, depending on the series assessed.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: MD Juan Manuel OConnor
Authors: Pesce V, OConnor J, Mendez G, Bestani C, ...
#220 The Global mTOR Inhibitor Torin1 is More Effective than the mTORC1 Inhibitor, Everolimus, Alone or in Combination with Histone Deacetylases Inhibitors, in Suppressing Neuroendocrine Tumors Cell Proliferation
Introduction: Torin1, a new mTOR inhibitor that globally inhibits both mTORC1 and mTORC2, seems to impair cell growth and proliferation to a greater degree than rapamycin; its effects in NET cells are unknown.
Conference: 8th Annual ENETS Conference (2011)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Dr. Simona Grozinsky-Glasberg