Introduction: Carcinoid heart disease (CHD) involves cardiac valvular fibrosis and volume overload. N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP) is released by the myocardium in response to increased wall stress in CHD. Activin A is a member of the TGF-ß superfamily involved in fibrogenesis.
Conference: 9th Annual ENETS Conference (2012)
Presenting Author: Dr Daniel Knight