Abstract library

1943 results for "pancreatic endocrine tumors".
#11 Plasma chromogranin - A response to octreotide test: Prognostic value for clinical outcome in endocrine digestive tumors
Introduction: Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs) expressing somatostatin receptors may be treated with somatostatin analogues (SSAs). Selection criteria are a positive Octreoscan® or a >50% hormone level decrease after octreotide s.c. injection (octreotide test) (OT). Plasma chromogranin A (CgA) is the best general GEP-NET marker, but data on CgA response to OT are scant.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: MD, PhD Sara Massironi
#16 Endoglin as indicator of metastatic neuroendocrine tumors of the pancreas
Introduction: Neuroendocrine tumors of the pancreas are rare, highly vascularized tumors. Endoglin, a Transforming Growth Factor-β co-receptor, is a marker for angiogenic endothelial cells. Angiogenesis is required for tumor progression and the development of metastases. Recently, endoglin expression was found to be a prognostic marker in pancreatic carcinomas. However, the role of endoglin in neuroendocrine pancreatic tumors has so far not been studied.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Patricia Kuiper
#32 Pancreatic cystic endocrine tumors: a different morphological entity associated with a less aggressive behavior.
Introduction: Cystic pancreatic endocrine tumors (CPETs) are rare lesions and their biological features have been scarcely investigated.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: Dr Massimo Falconi
#41 Immunohisochemical evaluation of EMT regulators, E- and N-cadherin in neuroendocrine Tumors of the Gastro-Entero-Pancreativ system
Introduction: Local tumor invasion represents the first step of the metastatic cascade of carcinomas, and requires changes in cell adhesion and migration properties of tumor cells. This biologic process is known as epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). One key biochemical change associated with EMT is the loss of E-cadherin expression promoted by specific transcriptional repressors such as Snail, Slug, and Twist. Overexpression of EMT inducers increases other factors, such as FoxC2, although its role in EMT is poorly understood. Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) of the gastroenteropancreatic (GEP) system, originated from the diffuse endocrine system, represent a heterogeneous group of tumors. Their prevalence has increased substantially over the past three decades, without substantial improvements in their clinical management, and their variable clinical course cannot be predicted by common clinicopathological parameters. Thus, new prognostic markers are urgently needed.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: JOSE A. GALVÁN
#61 Multiple tumors in patients with pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours: morphological and immunohistochemical characteristics
Introduction: Pancreatic islet cell tumors occur in 80% of patients with MEN 1. Tumors are often multicentric. They often produce multiple peptides and biogenic amines.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Prof Larisa Gurevich
#62 Genome-wide DNA methylation profiling of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors identifies distinct methylation profiles and differentially methylated gene promoter regions associated with low, medium and high grade tumors
Introduction: Integration of genetics and epigenetics has emerged as a powerful approach to studying cellular differentiation (Mikkelsen et al, 2009) and tumorigenesis (Shen et al, 2007). The study of DNA methylation is of particular importance in cancer, as causal involvement has been demonstrated and it is the most stable of all epigenetic modifications, making it a desirable marker for both early detection and treatment of tumors. Hypermethylation of CpG sites in gene promoter regions leads to decreased gene expression; if such a gene is a tumor suppressor, this leads to carcinogenesis. To date, there have been no studies of genome-wide DNA methylation profiling of NETs. This study sets out to determine the DNA methylation profiles of low, intermediate and high grade pancreatic NET liver metastases with the intention of identifying dysregulated biological pathways in the development of these tumors. A protocol for the analysis formalin-fixed paraffin embedded tissue (FFPE) has also been developed in order to study these tumors in significant numbers following this pilot study.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Dr Christina Thirlwell
#67 Interest of combined chromogranin A and pancreatic polypeptide for diagnosis and follow-up of gastroenteropancreatic endocrine carcinoma
Introduction: Assessment of tumor burden changes is essential for the management of well-differentiated gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine carcinoma (GEPNET). Chromogranin A (CgA) is the principal tumor marker for such tumors; however, its use to evaluate morphological tumor progression is not validated. Combined CgA and pancreatic polypeptide (PP) may increase sensitivity in the diagnosis of GEP-NET.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Dr Thomas WALTER
#74 Non-functioning pancreatic endocrine tumors: diagnostic criteria and surgical treatment
Introduction: Neuroendocrine tumors were considered rare tumors several years ago. Several reports published recently have observed increased incidence of NETs suggesting that NETs are more prevalent than previously reported. Non-functioning pancreatic endocrine tumors (NFPETs), better defined as non-hyperfunctioning, are characterized by the absence of clinical or biochemical evidence of hormone hypersecretion. From the clinical standpoint, NFPETs can be either occasionally encountered or manifest clinically similar pancreatic tumors. Since both NFPET treatment and prognosis significantly differ from that of ductal adenocarcinoma and other pancreatic malignant tumors, an accurate differential diagnosis is needed.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: Dr Alexander Vladimir Kochatkov
#76 Role of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography in the differential diagnosis of the pancreatic and hepatic lesions
Introduction: Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) is a new promising tool for the characterization of pancreatic lesions. This technique allows for highlighting the micro-vascularization of a lesion, especially with the use of second generation contrast media, characterized by harmonic responses at low acoustic pressures. Pancreatic endocrine tumors (PET)s were reported to have a peculiar behavior at CEUS, consisting of a higher enhancement compared to normal pancreas in the arterial phase and a rapid washout.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: Dr Francesco Milone
#81 Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs): our experience in a multidisciplinary team in a university hospital
Introduction: Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs) have a low incidence and prevalence representing < 2% of all gastrointestinal tumors with a heterogeneous biological behavior and an often complex management.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: Dr Jose Manuel Cabezas-Agricola