Abstract library

1907 results for "pancreatic islet cell tumor".
#16 Endoglin as indicator of metastatic neuroendocrine tumors of the pancreas
Introduction: Neuroendocrine tumors of the pancreas are rare, highly vascularized tumors. Endoglin, a Transforming Growth Factor-β co-receptor, is a marker for angiogenic endothelial cells. Angiogenesis is required for tumor progression and the development of metastases. Recently, endoglin expression was found to be a prognostic marker in pancreatic carcinomas. However, the role of endoglin in neuroendocrine pancreatic tumors has so far not been studied.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Patricia Kuiper
#37 Gastric GIST with synchronous neuroendocrine tumor of the pancreas, Case Report and Literature Review
Introduction: The Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors (GIST) are the most common mesenchymal tumors of the gastrointestinal tract. These are rare tumors with an incidence of 15 new cases per million per year. They often occur in individuals over the age of 40 years, without gender predominance. The clinical behavior is variable and benign tumors are the most common. They can develop anywhere in the GI tract, but are more frequent in the stomach and small intestine. The primary treatment, when located, is the surgical resection, which can be complemented with the use of imatinib.
The occurrence of neuroendocrine tumors of the pancreas is rare, representing 1-5% of pancreatic cancers, and it is estimated that its incidence does not exceed 5 to one million. The tumors considered nonfunctioning (15-32% of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors) are not associated with any syndrome, and are usually incidental. They have a slight predominance in males, and are more frequent in the 6th decade of life. Nonfunctioning tumors of islet cells are virtually all malignant tumors, and the treatment consists of surgical resection.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: Dra Amelia B Tavares
#61 Multiple tumors in patients with pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours: morphological and immunohistochemical characteristics
Introduction: Pancreatic islet cell tumors occur in 80% of patients with MEN 1. Tumors are often multicentric. They often produce multiple peptides and biogenic amines.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Prof Larisa Gurevich
#62 Genome-wide DNA methylation profiling of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors identifies distinct methylation profiles and differentially methylated gene promoter regions associated with low, medium and high grade tumors
Introduction: Integration of genetics and epigenetics has emerged as a powerful approach to studying cellular differentiation (Mikkelsen et al, 2009) and tumorigenesis (Shen et al, 2007). The study of DNA methylation is of particular importance in cancer, as causal involvement has been demonstrated and it is the most stable of all epigenetic modifications, making it a desirable marker for both early detection and treatment of tumors. Hypermethylation of CpG sites in gene promoter regions leads to decreased gene expression; if such a gene is a tumor suppressor, this leads to carcinogenesis. To date, there have been no studies of genome-wide DNA methylation profiling of NETs. This study sets out to determine the DNA methylation profiles of low, intermediate and high grade pancreatic NET liver metastases with the intention of identifying dysregulated biological pathways in the development of these tumors. A protocol for the analysis formalin-fixed paraffin embedded tissue (FFPE) has also been developed in order to study these tumors in significant numbers following this pilot study.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Dr Christina Thirlwell
#67 Interest of combined chromogranin A and pancreatic polypeptide for diagnosis and follow-up of gastroenteropancreatic endocrine carcinoma
Introduction: Assessment of tumor burden changes is essential for the management of well-differentiated gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine carcinoma (GEPNET). Chromogranin A (CgA) is the principal tumor marker for such tumors; however, its use to evaluate morphological tumor progression is not validated. Combined CgA and pancreatic polypeptide (PP) may increase sensitivity in the diagnosis of GEP-NET.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Dr Thomas WALTER
#88 EpCam expression and detection of circulating tumor cells in neuroendocrine tumors
Introduction: Using the CellSearchTM system, circulating tumor cells (CTCs) can be reproducibly enumerated according to expression of EpCAM and cytokeratins 8, 18 or 19 and the absence of the haemopoietic marker CD45. The number of CTCs detected in 7.5 mls blood has been shown to correlate with prognosis in breast, colon and prostate cancer and can predict response to therapy. Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) have not previously been reported to express EpCAM and have not been systematically assessed for presence of CTCs. We have therefore explored the expression of EpCAM in NETs and the detection of NET cells in the circulation.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: Dr Mohid S Khan
#106 Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors: single institution clinicopathological study
Introduction: Neuroendocrine cells are widely distributed throughout the body, and neoplasms from these dispersed cells can arise at many sites. They are distinguished into two broad categories: 1) Tumors identified as small cell lung carcinomas with biology and natural history of a high-grade malignancy and characteristics of small cell undifferentiated or anaplastic appearance by light microscopy. The WHO categorizes these tumors as poorly-differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas; 2) Well-defined neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) with variable, but most lyindolent biologic behavior and characteristic well-differentiated histologic features. The majority arise in the gastrointestinal tract and collectively they are referred as gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP/NETs). They include carcinoid tumors, pancreatic islet cell tumors (gastrinoma, insulinoma, glucagonoma, VIPoma, somatostatinoma), paragangliomas, pheochromocytomas, and medullary thyroid carcinomas. The WHO classifies the GEP/NETs as well-differentiated NETs (carcinoid tumors) if they are noninvasive and have benign behavior or uncertain malignant potential. In contrast, GEP/NETs with characteristics of low-grade malignancy with invasion of the muscularis propria or beyond, or metastases, are characterized as well-differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas (malignant carcinoids). Pancreatic islet cell tumors, whether functioning or not, are classified as well-differentiated NETs or well-differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas, due to the (depending on) histologic characteristics. The WHO classification for gastroenteropancreatic NETs based on stage (ie size and presence of metastases) and grade (mitotic rate, perineural and lymphovascular invasion, Ki-67 proliferative index) categorizes them as well-differentiated NETs, e.g., carcinoid tumors, or as well-differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: Dr Michael M. Vaslamatzis
#110 Slug represents an important regulator of E-cadherin expression in neuroendocrine tumor cells of the pancreas
Introduction: Neuroendocrine tumors of the pancreas form an inhomogenous group of epithelial neoplasms. They differ from other types of pancreatic cancers by showing an extended survival of patients, which is due to a mostly slow proliferation rate of the tumor. However, some of these neuroendocrine tumors are characterized by an early onset of metastases, which cannot be predicted by any available method. The epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) represents a central part of cell migration and metastasis. During EMT, cells loosen their cellular contacts, leave the tissue, and become migrating single cells. One of the integral compounds of cell adhesion represents the E-cadherin adhesion module, which contains mostly E-cadherin and several catenins. A loss of this adhesion module is associated with tumor progression, migration and metastasis in many types of cancer.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Dr Alexander König
#113 Prolonged cell survival in xenografts from human digestive endocrine tumors
Introduction: Gastroenteropancreatic endocrine tumors have the capacity to achieve very large tumor masses despite usually very low proliferative rates. This suggests that neoplastic endocrine cells may have long life spans, implying the development of specific mechanisms able to promote cell survival.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Colette Roche
#240 Glycodelin Expression in Pancreatic Neuroendocrine and Solid-Pseudopapillary Tumors as in Important Factor of Favorable Disease Prognosis
Introduction: Glycodelin (GD) is a multifunctional highly glycosylated protein, expressed in hormone-dependent human tissues and tumors. GD participates in apoptosis regulation and inter-cellular adhesion.
Conference: 8th Annual ENETS Conference (2011)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Larissa Gurevich
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