Abstract library

2253 results for "poorly differentiated neuroendocrine tumors".
#20 Paraneoplastic antigen Ma2 (PNMA2) auto-antibodies as biomarkers for early small intestine neuroendocrine tumors detection
Introduction: Small intestine neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) comprise well-differentiated NET (benign carcinoid), well-differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma (malignant carcinoid) and poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC). The majority of NET patients have developed liver metastases at the time of diagnosis and surgery is then seldom curative. Novel predictive, diagnostic and prognostic markers are thus needed to improve our capabilities to diagnose and cure these tumors. We have previously identified six novel marker genes for neuroendocrine tumor cells by using Affymetrix microarrays and advanced bioinformatics. One of this markers, the paraneoplastic antigen Ma2 (PNMA2), which is normally expressed only in nervous tissue, can in the process of carcinogenesis be detected in tumors located outside the nervous system. The finding that Ma2 is expressed in small intestine neuroendocrine primary tumors and their metastases made it interesting to screen whether antibodies against Ma2 are present in the serum of NET patients.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: PhD Valeria Giandomenico
Authors: Cui T, Elgue G, Li S C, Hurtig M, ...
#41 Immunohisochemical evaluation of EMT regulators, E- and N-cadherin in neuroendocrine Tumors of the Gastro-Entero-Pancreativ system
Introduction: Local tumor invasion represents the first step of the metastatic cascade of carcinomas, and requires changes in cell adhesion and migration properties of tumor cells. This biologic process is known as epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). One key biochemical change associated with EMT is the loss of E-cadherin expression promoted by specific transcriptional repressors such as Snail, Slug, and Twist. Overexpression of EMT inducers increases other factors, such as FoxC2, although its role in EMT is poorly understood. Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) of the gastroenteropancreatic (GEP) system, originated from the diffuse endocrine system, represent a heterogeneous group of tumors. Their prevalence has increased substantially over the past three decades, without substantial improvements in their clinical management, and their variable clinical course cannot be predicted by common clinicopathological parameters. Thus, new prognostic markers are urgently needed.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: JOSE A. GALVÁN
#78 The diagnostic and prognostic value of elevated proGRP levels in well- and moderately differentiated neuroendocrine tumors
Introduction: Chromogranin A (CgA) is the most frequently used marker in well- (grade 1) and moderately (grade 2) differentiated NETs. Although CgA is a more sensitive marker than the 5-HIAA, which was widely used until the last decade, CgA has some limitations. False-positively elevated CgA may occur in renal impairment, atrophic gastritis and during treatment of proton-pump inhibitors. Progastrin-releasing peptide (proGRP) was recently reported as a promising tumor marker for small cell lung cancer. Limited data suggests that ProGRP may be a potential tumor marker in NE tumors.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Msc Catharina M Korse
#81 Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs): our experience in a multidisciplinary team in a university hospital
Introduction: Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs) have a low incidence and prevalence representing < 2% of all gastrointestinal tumors with a heterogeneous biological behavior and an often complex management.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: Dr Jose Manuel Cabezas-Agricola
#87 Alterations of E-cadherin, beta-catenin and caveolin-1 expression in gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors
Introduction: Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP NETs) comprise a heterogeneous group of neoplasm with different histological patterns and biological behavior. Only limited information is available on immunohistochemical prognostic factors of disease. Alterations in the cell-cell adhesion system are closely associated with cell invasion and metastasis in many malignancies, including those of endocrine origin. Abnormal expression of E-cadherin and beta-catenin has been reported to play an important role in these processes. Caveolin-1 has recently been identified as a tumor metastasis modifier factor, which might increase the cell metastasis potential through the interaction with E-cadherin. However, the role of caveolin-1 in GEP NETs cell invasion remains unknown.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: Vera V Delektorskaya
Authors: Delektorskaya V, Chemeris G, ...
#100 Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) expression analysis and therapeutic approach in lung and gastroenteropancreatic poorly differentiated endocrine carcinoma (PDEC)
Introduction: PDEC clinically include gastroenteropancreatic PDEC, small cell lung cancer (SCLC) and large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC). These tumors are clinically similar and aggressive and they are usually treated with platinum compounds. mTOR signalling pathway has emerged as a promising target for well-differentiated endocrine carcinoma therapy. Because of varying behavior, PDEC are usually excluded from clinical trials employing the mTOR inhibitor RAD001.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Emilio Bajetta
#141 Incidence of second primary tumors in patients with neuroendocrine tumors
Introduction: Based on epidemiological data from SEER 1950-1999, 22.4% cases of non-carcinoid second primary tumors have been described in patients diagnosed with neuroendocrine tumors. The incidence of this type of tumors varies, depending on the series assessed.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: MD Juan Manuel OConnor
Authors: Pesce V, OConnor J, Mendez G, Bestani C, ...
#144 Oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy in patients with advanced neuroendocrine carcinoma: an Italian retrospective multicenter analysis
Introduction: Conventional chemotherapy does not have a well-defined role in well/moderately differentiated (WD) neuroendocrine carcinomas (NECs). Various regimens were evaluated. Cisplatin or carboplatin combined with etoposide are usually indicated in poorly differentiated (PD) NECs. Some evidence exists for oxaliplatin activity in WD and PD NECs, combined with capecitabine or gemcitabine.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: Francesca Spada
#161 Low Dose Multiple Cycle (LD/MT) Peptide Receptor Radionuclide Therapy: a new concept for the treatment of well-differentiated metastatic neuroendocrine tumors
Introduction: It has been shown experimentally that low dose radiation can effectively kill slow growing cancer cells. Also, external beam radiation therapy applies a fractionated delivery of radiation dose to reduce toxicity with equal or even better therapeutic efficacy.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: Dr. Vikas Prasad
#182 Ki-67 (MIB-1) Proliferative Activity and Beta-Catenin Immunoexpression in Liver Metastases of Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors
Introduction: Assessment of liver metastases biology features associated with cell proliferation and adhesion has a strong prognostic impact in patients with gastroenteropancreatic (GEP) neuroendocrine carcinomas.
Conference: 8th Annual ENETS Conference (2011)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: MD, PhD Vera V. Delektorskaya