Abstract library

339 results for "proliferative index".
#2871 Increase of Ki-67 Index over Time and Influence on All-Cause Mortality in Patients with Neuroendocrine Neoplasms (NEN)
Introduction: Increase of Ki-67 index in NEN over time in relation to progression and a potential influence on prognosis is scarcely studied.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Epidemiology/Natural history/Prognosis - Registries, nationwide and regional surveys
Presenting Author: MD, PhD Pernille Holmager
#3026 IMP3 and Ki-67-Factors of Poor Clinical Outcome in Neuroendocrine Tumors of the Lung
Introduction: Insulin- like growth factor-II messenger RNA- binding protein- 3 (IMP3) is often detected in malignant neoplasm of different sites. Ki-67 proliferative index, although helpful in diagnosing neuroendocrine tumours of lung, has not been recognised as prognostic factor.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Signaling pathways, receptors, biomarkers
Presenting Author: Aleksandra Bełz
#2881 Patient-Derived Tumor Xenograft Combined with Chemotherapy Drug Sensitivity Test in a Patient with Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Carcinoma
Introduction: Pancreatic neuroendocrine carcinoma (p-NEC) with liver metastasis has a poor prognosis. The treatment is mainly chemotherapy which is now still a huge challenge on NEC with high ki-67 index.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Case reports
Presenting Author: Jian-An Bai
Authors: Bai J A, Tang Q, ...
#2845 Primary Tumour Resection and PRRT of NEN Stage IV - Are There Differences in Grading?
Introduction: The resection of primary tumours (PT) in patients with stage IV NEN is still a matter of debate. The resection of tumours with a low proliferation index (G1/G2) is more accepted then the resection of high proliferative tumours (G3-NET / G3-NEC).
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Surgical treatment and Ablative Therapies
Presenting Author: PD Dr. Daniel Kaemmerer
#2989 Different Social Media Neuroendocrine Tumor Indexing Strategies Used by Physicians and Advocacy Groups
Introduction: The use of Twitter to disseminate medical content has increased over the last decade. Although Twitter activity by oncologists is clustered around international conferences, advocacy groups have different temporal social media patterns. Furthermore, given the non-standardized method of indexing tweets using Twitter hashtags, it can be difficult to follow the full breadth of a topic.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Epidemiology/Natural history/Prognosis - Registries, nationwide and regional surveys
Presenting Author: PGY4 Resident Nicholas Meti
Authors: Meti N, Singh S, ...
#2770 Evaluation of Early Predictors of Metabolic Syndrome in Patients with Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors (GEP-NET)
Introduction: Metabolic syndrome and obesity (MetS) are supposed to have a role in cancer but data analysing their association with GEP-NET are lacking.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Epidemiology/Natural history/Prognosis - Registries, nationwide and regional surveys
Presenting Author: MD, PhD Roberta Modica
#11 Plasma chromogranin - A response to octreotide test: Prognostic value for clinical outcome in endocrine digestive tumors
Introduction: Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs) expressing somatostatin receptors may be treated with somatostatin analogues (SSAs). Selection criteria are a positive Octreoscan® or a >50% hormone level decrease after octreotide s.c. injection (octreotide test) (OT). Plasma chromogranin A (CgA) is the best general GEP-NET marker, but data on CgA response to OT are scant.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: MD, PhD Sara Massironi
#18 Long-acting release octreotide induce complete response in type 1 gastric carcinoid tumors
Introduction: Gastric endocrine tumors (GET) are increasingly recognized due to expanding indications of upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Often silent and benign, GET may also be aggressive when sporadic and may sometimes mimic the course of gastric adenocarcinoma. Current incidence of GETs is estimated at around 8% of digestive endocrine tumors. Yearly age-adjusted incidence is around 0.2 per population of 100,000. Gastric carcinoids (ECLomas) develop from gastric enterochromaffin-like cells (ECL cells) in response to chronically elevated gastrin. Type 1 tumors (ECLomas in the course of atrophic gastritis) may occur in conditions of achlorhydria secondary to auto-immune atrophic fundic gastritis. It occurs mostly in women and they are non-functioning tumors, typically found during upper GI endoscopy performed for dyspepsia. ECLomas present frequently as multiple polyps, usually < 1 cm in diameter in the gastric fundus. Type 1 tumors are almost exclusively benign lesions with little risk of deep invasion of the gastric parietal wall. The neoplastic ECL cells become progressively dedifferentiated with an increasing number of Ki-67 immunoreactive (IR) cell nuclei. In addition, there is a substantial decrease in argynophil and IR NE cells that can be visualized by conventional methods. ECLomas secondary to hypergastrinemia should be closely followed for signs of clinical and histopathological tumor progression. Such ECLomas deserve early, active, radical surgical treatment.
Traditionally, gastric carcinoid type 1 (GCA1s) are endoscopically or surgically removed, depending on the number, appearance and size of the tumors. Antrectomy, with surgical excision of the majority of the G cells, is thought to facilitate regression of these tumors by removing the source of excessive gastrin secretion; however, the long-term benefits of antrectomy still remain uncertain. Although proton pump inhibitors are effective in reducing hypergastrinemia-induced gastric acid hypersecretion in GCA2, they do not affect ECL-cell hyperplasia, and therefore their role in GCA1 is limited. Moreover, in selected cases, significant reduction of hypergastrinemia does not prevent development of ECL carcinoid, suggesting that, in addition to hypergastrinemia, other pathogenic or genetic factors may be involved. Treatment with somatostatin analogues (SSA) might impede ECL-cell hyperplasia by suppressing gastrin secretion and/or by a direct anti-proliferative effect on ECL cells. Treatment with SSAs in GCA1 leads to a substantial tumor load reduction, with a concomitant decrease of serum gastrin levels. Published data indicate an important anti-proliferative effect of SSA on ECL cells, providing clinical benefit and obviating, at least temporarily, the need for invasive therapies for GCA1. Morphometric studies demonstrated that, while antrectomy specifically decreased the volume of ECL cells versus the total volume of endocrine cells, octreotide reduces the overall endocrine cell volume. Although the number of treated patients is small, it has been suggested that SSA may exert important anti-proliferative effects either directly, by inhibiting ECL-cells proliferation, or indirectly through suppression of gastrin hypersecretion.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: MD Ricardo Caponero
#30 Diffuse Idiopathic Pulmonary Neuroendocrine Cell Hyperplasia
Introduction: Normal adult lungs contain scattered pulmonary neuroendocrine cells (PNEC). Reactive PNEC hyperplasia is commonly observed in persons who live at high altitude, in cigarette smokers, and in numerous lung diseases. Diffuse Idiopathic Pulmonary Neuroendocrine Cell Hyperplasia (DIPNECH) is a rare entity in which PNEC hyperplasia appears without predisposing conditions. According to the 1999 WHO lung tumor classification, DIPNECH is thought to be primarily a neuroendocrine proliferative process, which can be associated with carcinoid tumors and with a clinical picture of constrictive obliterative bronchiolitis. To date, available data regarding the treatment and the prognosis of this rare condition is limited.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: Dr. Simona Grozinsky-Glasberg
#70 The validity of Ki-67 as a prognostic indicator in patients with appendiceal carcinoid tumor
Introduction: Carcinoid tumors of the appendix are rare and often discovered incidentally through appendectomy. Most are clinically benign but may be associated with metastatic disease. Ki-67, a nuclear protein structurally associated with chromatin, is an excellent marker for measuring cell proliferation and it has been shown to correlate with the outcome in pancreatic and ileocecal carcinoids.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Dr Eric Y Liu
Authors: Liu E, Telem D A, Hwang J, Warner R R P, ...