Abstract library

96 results for "secretion".
#3071 Hormonal Ectopic Secretion Syndromes Associated to Neuroendocine Neoplasia
Introduction: Neuroendocrine neoplasias (NEN) are able to produce and secrete bioactive peptides and cause distinct syndromes related to their biological effects. The outcome will depend on the oncological disease as well as the hormonal syndrome
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Biomarkers
Presenting Author: MD Julieta Tkatch
#2984 AGTR1 Is Overexpressed in Neuroendocrine Neoplasms, Regulates Secretion and May Serve as a Target for Molecular Imaging and Therapy
Introduction: Peptide receptor targeting has proven to be a pivotal tool for diagnostic imaging and radioligand therapy of neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs), which frequently express somatostatin receptors (SSTRs) on their cell surface. However, up to 30 % of NEN patients do not benefit from SSTR-based approaches, others develop a resistance.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Signaling pathways, receptors, biomarkers
Presenting Author: Dr. Carsten Grötzinger
Authors: Grötzinger C, Exner S, Schuldt C, Du J, ...
#2691 Somatostatin Analogs in Patients with Zollinger Ellison Syndrome (ZES): An Observational Study
Introduction: Zollinger Ellison syndrome (ZES) is a rare syndrome caused by gastrin hypersecretion from a primary neuroendocrine tumor (NET), usually located within the duodenum or into the pancreas. Gastrinomas have two important treatment goal: the control of the gastrin-excess state and the control of tumor growth.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Medical treatment - Chemotherapy Somatostatin analogues, Interferon
Presenting Author: dr Sara Massironi
#2742 Anti-Tumor Effects of Semaphorin 4D Blockade Unravel a Novel Pro-Invasive Mechanism of Vascular Targeting Agents
Introduction: One of the main consequences of inhibition of neovessel growth produced by angiogenesis inhibitors is increased intratumor hypoxia. Growing evidence indicates that tumor cells escape from this hypoxic environment to better nourished locations, presenting hypoxia as a positive stimulus for invasion. Particularly, anti-VEGF/R therapies produce hypoxia-induced invasion and metastasis in a spontaneous mouse model of pancreatic neuroendocrine cancer, RIP1-Tag2.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Signaling pathways, receptors, biomarkers
Presenting Author: PhD Oriol Casanovas
#2909 Serotonin-Secreting NeuroEndocrine Neoplasms of the Pancreas: Which Are the Primary Pancreatic Carcinoids?
Introduction: Serotonin-secreting pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (5-HT-secreting pNENs) are very rare. They are characterised by high urinary 5-hydroxyindole-acetic acid (5-HIAA) levels (or high serum 5-HT levels).
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Surgical treatment and Ablative Therapies
Presenting Author: Dr Anna Caterina Milanetto
#2933 The Clinicopathological Characteristics of Gastrinoma: A Single-Center Retrospective Study
Introduction: Gastrinoma is a rare functional neuroendocrine tumor leading to gastrin hypersecretion and hyperchlorhydria.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Medical treatment - others, not specified
Presenting Author: Professor Jie Chen
Authors: Zhang Y, Liu M, Chen L, Guo Y, ...
#2987 68Ga-DOTATOC PET/CT as Tool for Diagnosis and Decision-Making Process of Neuroendocrine Tumors
Introduction: Primary tumors in some patients with metastatic neuroendocrine tumors (NET) cannot be found by conventional imaging as CT, MRI and scintigraphy. 68Ga-DOTATOC PET/CT (68Ga-PET) appears to have superior sensitivity, specifity, and better resolution than 99mTC-octreotide SPECT/TC (SSTR scintigraphy) and can improve decision-making process, however its cost is higher, and its availability is limited.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Imaging and Interventions (radiology, endoscopy)
Presenting Author: Inmaculada Peiró Martínez
#2999 Aberrant Tryptophan Metabolism in Stromal Cells Is Associated with Mesenteric Fibrosis in Small Intestinal Neuroendocrine Tumours
Introduction: Increased levels of serotonin secretion are associated with mesenteric fibrosis (MF) in small intestinal neuroendocrine tumors (SI-NETs). However, only a proportion of patients with increased serotonin production will develop mesenteric fibrosis.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Drs. Anela Blazevic
#17 Diagnostic efficacy of the secretin stimulation test for the Zollinger-Ellison syndrome: an intra-individual comparison using different dosages in patients and controls
Introduction: The diagnosis of Zollinger-Ellison syndrome is suspected in patients with symptoms of gastric acid hypersecretion, i.e., peptic ulcer disease, malabsorption or diarrhea, or with elevated fasting serum gastrin levels. However, symptoms can be masked by the use of proton pump inhibitors and fasting serum gastrin values are not always conclusive. Therefore, the secretin stimulation test is advocated as the principal diagnostic tool to identify the Zollinger-Ellison syndrome.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: Patricia Kuiper
#18 Long-acting release octreotide induce complete response in type 1 gastric carcinoid tumors
Introduction: Gastric endocrine tumors (GET) are increasingly recognized due to expanding indications of upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Often silent and benign, GET may also be aggressive when sporadic and may sometimes mimic the course of gastric adenocarcinoma. Current incidence of GETs is estimated at around 8% of digestive endocrine tumors. Yearly age-adjusted incidence is around 0.2 per population of 100,000. Gastric carcinoids (ECLomas) develop from gastric enterochromaffin-like cells (ECL cells) in response to chronically elevated gastrin. Type 1 tumors (ECLomas in the course of atrophic gastritis) may occur in conditions of achlorhydria secondary to auto-immune atrophic fundic gastritis. It occurs mostly in women and they are non-functioning tumors, typically found during upper GI endoscopy performed for dyspepsia. ECLomas present frequently as multiple polyps, usually < 1 cm in diameter in the gastric fundus. Type 1 tumors are almost exclusively benign lesions with little risk of deep invasion of the gastric parietal wall. The neoplastic ECL cells become progressively dedifferentiated with an increasing number of Ki-67 immunoreactive (IR) cell nuclei. In addition, there is a substantial decrease in argynophil and IR NE cells that can be visualized by conventional methods. ECLomas secondary to hypergastrinemia should be closely followed for signs of clinical and histopathological tumor progression. Such ECLomas deserve early, active, radical surgical treatment.
Traditionally, gastric carcinoid type 1 (GCA1s) are endoscopically or surgically removed, depending on the number, appearance and size of the tumors. Antrectomy, with surgical excision of the majority of the G cells, is thought to facilitate regression of these tumors by removing the source of excessive gastrin secretion; however, the long-term benefits of antrectomy still remain uncertain. Although proton pump inhibitors are effective in reducing hypergastrinemia-induced gastric acid hypersecretion in GCA2, they do not affect ECL-cell hyperplasia, and therefore their role in GCA1 is limited. Moreover, in selected cases, significant reduction of hypergastrinemia does not prevent development of ECL carcinoid, suggesting that, in addition to hypergastrinemia, other pathogenic or genetic factors may be involved. Treatment with somatostatin analogues (SSA) might impede ECL-cell hyperplasia by suppressing gastrin secretion and/or by a direct anti-proliferative effect on ECL cells. Treatment with SSAs in GCA1 leads to a substantial tumor load reduction, with a concomitant decrease of serum gastrin levels. Published data indicate an important anti-proliferative effect of SSA on ECL cells, providing clinical benefit and obviating, at least temporarily, the need for invasive therapies for GCA1. Morphometric studies demonstrated that, while antrectomy specifically decreased the volume of ECL cells versus the total volume of endocrine cells, octreotide reduces the overall endocrine cell volume. Although the number of treated patients is small, it has been suggested that SSA may exert important anti-proliferative effects either directly, by inhibiting ECL-cells proliferation, or indirectly through suppression of gastrin hypersecretion.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: MD Ricardo Caponero