Introduction: Pasireotide (SOM230) is a novel multi-receptor ligand somatostatin analogue with high affinity for somatostatin receptor subtypes sst1,2,3 and sst5. Like octreotide, which binds primarily to sst2, it inhibits hypersecretion of hormones from patients with functional pituitary tumors and gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine (GEP/NET) tumors. In addition, tumor shrinkage has been observed with both compounds in patients with acromegaly, Cushing’s disease and GEP/NETs, but its tumor-reducing mechanism of action has so far not been revealed. In patients with breast and liver cancer, octreotide had little or no antitumor activity.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Presenting Author: Dr. Herbert A. Schmid