Abstract library

40 results for "transcription".
#171 Transcription Factor Signature in Pancreatic and Duodenal Neuroendocrine Neoplasms
Introduction: We recently identified ISL1 as a marker for pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (P-NENs). ISL1 as well as PDX1, CDX2 and NGN3 are transcription factors (TF) involved in pancreato-duodenal development.
Conference: 8th Annual ENETS Conference (2011)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Gratiana Hermann
#316 Utilization of Gene Network Graph Topology with Inference Relevance Analysis Delineates G Protein-coupled Receptor Pathways and CREB Targets in Small Intestinal Neuroendocrine Neoplasia
Introduction: Despite an increasing incidence, a paucity of biological information has led to major limitations in identification of plausible therapeutic targets for small intestinal neuroendocrine tumors (SINETs)
Conference: 8th Annual ENETS Conference (2011)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Dr Mark Kidd
#674 Serum miRNA Expression in Small Intestine Neuroendocrine Tumors and Biological Function of miR-196a in Neuroendocrine Tumor Cells
Introduction: MicroRNAs (miRNAs), post-transcriptional regulators, function either as tumor suppressors or oncogenes. We recently identified five upregulated and four downregulated miRNAs in small intestinal neuroendocrine tumor (SI-NET) tissue. We then started new analysis on body fluids to detect tumor signatures using patients’ serum.
Conference: 10th Annual ENETS Conference (2013)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs
Presenting Author: Rakan Naboulsi
Authors: Naboulsi R, Li S C, Cui T, Öberg K, ...
#905 Cancer-Associated-Fibroblasts in Neuroendocrine Neoplasms: A Role in Cancer Progression
Introduction: Cancer-associated-fibroblasts (CAFs) secrete soluble factors that enhance tumor growth and invasion. Neuroendocrine tumor (NET) cells recruit fibroblasts within the lesional sites.
Conference: 11th Annual ENETS Conference (2014)
Category: Basic Science - In vitro models, tumor growth, CTCs
Presenting Author: Francesca Maria Rizzo
#1033 Androgens Regulate SMAD Ubiquitination Regulatory Factor-1 Expression and Prostate Cancer Cell Invasion
Introduction: Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed male cancer and is a hormone-driven disease. Androgens have been recognized as a major promoter of PCa development and progression. However, the mechanism of androgen action in PCa, especially in PCa cell invasion remains largely unclear. SMAD ubiquitination regulatory factor-1 (SMURF1) is a C2-WW-HECT-domain E3 ubiquitin ligase that plays important roles in cancer cell metastasis. Whether there is a relationship between androgens and SMURF1 express is not known.
Conference: 12th Annual ENETS Conference (2015)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs
Presenting Author: Gang Xiaokun
Authors: Xiaokun G, Guixia W, ...
#41 Immunohisochemical evaluation of EMT regulators, E- and N-cadherin in neuroendocrine Tumors of the Gastro-Entero-Pancreativ system
Introduction: Local tumor invasion represents the first step of the metastatic cascade of carcinomas, and requires changes in cell adhesion and migration properties of tumor cells. This biologic process is known as epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). One key biochemical change associated with EMT is the loss of E-cadherin expression promoted by specific transcriptional repressors such as Snail, Slug, and Twist. Overexpression of EMT inducers increases other factors, such as FoxC2, although its role in EMT is poorly understood. Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) of the gastroenteropancreatic (GEP) system, originated from the diffuse endocrine system, represent a heterogeneous group of tumors. Their prevalence has increased substantially over the past three decades, without substantial improvements in their clinical management, and their variable clinical course cannot be predicted by common clinicopathological parameters. Thus, new prognostic markers are urgently needed.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: JOSE A. GALVÁN
#62 Genome-wide DNA methylation profiling of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors identifies distinct methylation profiles and differentially methylated gene promoter regions associated with low, medium and high grade tumors
Introduction: Integration of genetics and epigenetics has emerged as a powerful approach to studying cellular differentiation (Mikkelsen et al, 2009) and tumorigenesis (Shen et al, 2007). The study of DNA methylation is of particular importance in cancer, as causal involvement has been demonstrated and it is the most stable of all epigenetic modifications, making it a desirable marker for both early detection and treatment of tumors. Hypermethylation of CpG sites in gene promoter regions leads to decreased gene expression; if such a gene is a tumor suppressor, this leads to carcinogenesis. To date, there have been no studies of genome-wide DNA methylation profiling of NETs. This study sets out to determine the DNA methylation profiles of low, intermediate and high grade pancreatic NET liver metastases with the intention of identifying dysregulated biological pathways in the development of these tumors. A protocol for the analysis formalin-fixed paraffin embedded tissue (FFPE) has also been developed in order to study these tumors in significant numbers following this pilot study.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Dr Christina Thirlwell
#110 Slug represents an important regulator of E-cadherin expression in neuroendocrine tumor cells of the pancreas
Introduction: Neuroendocrine tumors of the pancreas form an inhomogenous group of epithelial neoplasms. They differ from other types of pancreatic cancers by showing an extended survival of patients, which is due to a mostly slow proliferation rate of the tumor. However, some of these neuroendocrine tumors are characterized by an early onset of metastases, which cannot be predicted by any available method. The epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) represents a central part of cell migration and metastasis. During EMT, cells loosen their cellular contacts, leave the tissue, and become migrating single cells. One of the integral compounds of cell adhesion represents the E-cadherin adhesion module, which contains mostly E-cadherin and several catenins. A loss of this adhesion module is associated with tumor progression, migration and metastasis in many types of cancer.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Dr Alexander König
#119 Valproic acid induces apoptosis-mediated cell death of the ileal carcinoid cell line GOT1
Introduction: Downregulation of tumor suppressor genes, evasion from apoptosis, and reduced differentiation are hallmarks of cancer that can be due to abnormal epigenetic control. Histone deacetylase (HDAC) is an enzyme involved in the deacetylation of histone proteins, resulting in chromatin remodelling and altered gene transcription. HDAC inhibitors are emerging as useful anticancer drugs.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Yvonne Arvidsson
Authors: Arvidsson Y, Ahlman H, Nilsson O, ...
#304 Hepatic Neuroendocrine Tumor Metastasis Proliferation is Hepatocyte Regulated Via a 5HT7 Mediated Induction of an IGF 1 and HGF Feedback Loop Mediated by cAMP, PKA-independent pAKT and pCREB
Introduction: Carcinoid serotonin (5-HT) causes local fibrosis but the effect of 5-HT on hepatocytes has not been established. We hypothesized that tumors and hepatocytes form a metastasis-supportive environment.
Conference: 8th Annual ENETS Conference (2011)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Dr Mark Kidd
Authors: Svejda B, Kidd M, Lawrence B, Alaimo D, ...