Abstract library

52 results for "transcription".
#171 Transcription Factor Signature in Pancreatic and Duodenal Neuroendocrine Neoplasms
Introduction: We recently identified ISL1 as a marker for pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (P-NENs). ISL1 as well as PDX1, CDX2 and NGN3 are transcription factors (TF) involved in pancreato-duodenal development.
Conference: 8th Annual ENETS Conference (2011)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Gratiana Hermann
#316 Utilization of Gene Network Graph Topology with Inference Relevance Analysis Delineates G Protein-coupled Receptor Pathways and CREB Targets in Small Intestinal Neuroendocrine Neoplasia
Introduction: Despite an increasing incidence, a paucity of biological information has led to major limitations in identification of plausible therapeutic targets for small intestinal neuroendocrine tumors (SINETs)
Conference: 8th Annual ENETS Conference (2011)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Dr Mark Kidd
#2834 Tumor-Promoting Effects of the Transcriptional Regulator CUX1 in PanNET
Introduction: Previously, we identified CUX1 as mediator of metastatic behaviour and poor differentiation in human insulinomas. CUX1 mediated tumor-promoting functions via enhancing proliferation, resistance to apoptosis and angiogenesis in-vitro and in-vivo.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Signaling pathways, receptors, biomarkers
Presenting Author: MD Sebastian Krug
#674 Serum miRNA Expression in Small Intestine Neuroendocrine Tumors and Biological Function of miR-196a in Neuroendocrine Tumor Cells
Introduction: MicroRNAs (miRNAs), post-transcriptional regulators, function either as tumor suppressors or oncogenes. We recently identified five upregulated and four downregulated miRNAs in small intestinal neuroendocrine tumor (SI-NET) tissue. We then started new analysis on body fluids to detect tumor signatures using patients’ serum.
Conference: 10th Annual ENETS Conference 2013 (2013)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs
Presenting Author: Rakan Naboulsi
Authors: Naboulsi R, Li S C, Cui T, Öberg K, ...
#905 Cancer-Associated-Fibroblasts in Neuroendocrine Neoplasms: A Role in Cancer Progression
Introduction: Cancer-associated-fibroblasts (CAFs) secrete soluble factors that enhance tumor growth and invasion. Neuroendocrine tumor (NET) cells recruit fibroblasts within the lesional sites.
Conference: 11th Annual ENETS Conference 2014 (2014)
Category: Basic Science - In vitro models, tumor growth, CTCs
Presenting Author: Francesca Maria Rizzo
#1033 Androgens Regulate SMAD Ubiquitination Regulatory Factor-1 Expression and Prostate Cancer Cell Invasion
Introduction: Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed male cancer and is a hormone-driven disease. Androgens have been recognized as a major promoter of PCa development and progression. However, the mechanism of androgen action in PCa, especially in PCa cell invasion remains largely unclear. SMAD ubiquitination regulatory factor-1 (SMURF1) is a C2-WW-HECT-domain E3 ubiquitin ligase that plays important roles in cancer cell metastasis. Whether there is a relationship between androgens and SMURF1 express is not known.
Conference: 12th Annual ENETS Conference 2015 (2015)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs
Presenting Author: Gang Xiaokun
Authors: Xiaokun G, Guixia W, ...
#2739 Epigenetic Landscape of Pancreatic Neuro-Endocrine Tumors Reveals Distinct Cells of Origin and Means of Tumor Progression
Introduction: Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors (PanNETs) arise from cells of the Islets of Langerhans. The majority of PanNETs are non-functional and their cell of origin cannot be defined analysing specific hormone production. Cell of origin assessment has proven importance to identify risk factors, prevent tumour development, and tailor treatment in many malignancies. Recent data on super-enhancer signatures has suggested a potential origin of PanNET from α- or β-cells. We and others have shown that distinct epigenetic profiles assessed by DNA methylation (DNAme) characterize genomic and prognostic groups of PanNET.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Annunziata Di Domenico
#2980 Metabolic Dysregulation and Circadian Clock in Cellular Models of Neuroendocrine Tumors
Introduction: The circadian clock genes encode transcription factors whose interaction with nuclear receptors allows the regulation of cellular metabolism.The invalidation of the genes of the clock core is associated with the development of many endocrine diseases including neuroendocrine cancer. Recently, the family of transcriptional coactivators PGC-1a has been identified as a key element in the integration of cellular metabolic state with the circadian clock. PRC, as a member of the PGC-1 family, was able to interact with several transcription factors, including the CLOCK factor. The specific induction of this PRC factor by the cell cycle, to modulate the energy function, the MAPkinase pathway and the expression of microRNAs, makes it a key factor in the metabolic adaptation of cancer cells.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Signaling pathways, receptors, biomarkers
Presenting Author: Pr Frederique Savagner
Authors: Savagner F, Le Pennec S, ...
#41 Immunohisochemical evaluation of EMT regulators, E- and N-cadherin in neuroendocrine Tumors of the Gastro-Entero-Pancreativ system
Introduction: Local tumor invasion represents the first step of the metastatic cascade of carcinomas, and requires changes in cell adhesion and migration properties of tumor cells. This biologic process is known as epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). One key biochemical change associated with EMT is the loss of E-cadherin expression promoted by specific transcriptional repressors such as Snail, Slug, and Twist. Overexpression of EMT inducers increases other factors, such as FoxC2, although its role in EMT is poorly understood. Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) of the gastroenteropancreatic (GEP) system, originated from the diffuse endocrine system, represent a heterogeneous group of tumors. Their prevalence has increased substantially over the past three decades, without substantial improvements in their clinical management, and their variable clinical course cannot be predicted by common clinicopathological parameters. Thus, new prognostic markers are urgently needed.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: JOSE A. GALVÁN
#62 Genome-wide DNA methylation profiling of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors identifies distinct methylation profiles and differentially methylated gene promoter regions associated with low, medium and high grade tumors
Introduction: Integration of genetics and epigenetics has emerged as a powerful approach to studying cellular differentiation (Mikkelsen et al, 2009) and tumorigenesis (Shen et al, 2007). The study of DNA methylation is of particular importance in cancer, as causal involvement has been demonstrated and it is the most stable of all epigenetic modifications, making it a desirable marker for both early detection and treatment of tumors. Hypermethylation of CpG sites in gene promoter regions leads to decreased gene expression; if such a gene is a tumor suppressor, this leads to carcinogenesis. To date, there have been no studies of genome-wide DNA methylation profiling of NETs. This study sets out to determine the DNA methylation profiles of low, intermediate and high grade pancreatic NET liver metastases with the intention of identifying dysregulated biological pathways in the development of these tumors. A protocol for the analysis formalin-fixed paraffin embedded tissue (FFPE) has also been developed in order to study these tumors in significant numbers following this pilot study.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Dr Christina Thirlwell