Abstract library

1991 results for "tumor genome sequencing".
#2964 Personalized Therapy in a Case of Esophageal NEC Based on Tumor Genome Sequencing
Introduction: High-grade esophageal neuroendocrine carcinomas (NEC) constitute a rare subgroup of neuroendocrine neoplasms, with a particularly aggressive behaviour and unfavourable prognosis. To date, there are no validated biomarkers for personalized therapy and cytotoxic chemotherapy remains the standard of care. However, tumor genome sequencing may help improve NEC molecular landscape knowledge in order to identify novel targets for an individualized approach.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Case reports
Presenting Author: MD Anna La Salvia
#2975 Next Generation Sequencing of Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors in Russian Cohort
Introduction: The appearance of next generation sequencing (NGS), - a powerful high-performance method, allowed accumulation of a large amount of information concerning genetic and epigenetic patterns, however, the problem of matching clinical, histological picture with genetic structure in pNETs remains open.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Trials in Progress/Trials in Concept
Presenting Author: PhD Vladimir Trifanov
#2739 Epigenetic Landscape of Pancreatic Neuro-Endocrine Tumors Reveals Distinct Cells of Origin and Means of Tumor Progression
Introduction: Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors (PanNETs) arise from cells of the Islets of Langerhans. The majority of PanNETs are non-functional and their cell of origin cannot be defined analysing specific hormone production. Cell of origin assessment has proven importance to identify risk factors, prevent tumour development, and tailor treatment in many malignancies. Recent data on super-enhancer signatures has suggested a potential origin of PanNET from α- or β-cells. We and others have shown that distinct epigenetic profiles assessed by DNA methylation (DNAme) characterize genomic and prognostic groups of PanNET.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Annunziata Di Domenico
#2846 Whole Genome DNA Methylation Profiling Identifies Neuroendocrine Tumor Origin
Introduction: Determining the origin of a neuroendocrine tumor (NET) of unknown primary can be challenging. Liver metastases can originate from any organ in the body, while pulmonary NETs can be metastases but also primary tumors. This especially holds true for Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1 patients, who often have multiple primary pancreatic and intestinal NETs. It is important to know the origin of the primary tumor since resection or ablation is crucial in case of treatment with curative intent. Furthermore, the site of origin determines prognosis, treatment options and eligibility for clinical trials.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Wenzel M Hackeng
#2781 Case Report: Whole Exon Sequencing of Primary Lesion and Metastatic Liver Lesion in Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumor
Introduction: Pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms(NENs) are classified into neuroendocrine tumors (NET) G1, G2, G3, and neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC), which are different pathogenesis. The two kinds of tumors that occurs in the same lesion in one patient is very rare. We found high grade neuroendocrine neoplasms(NENG3) with a diameter of 0.1 cm in a patient with a pancreatic NETG2 (1.7 cm in diameter). The cells were significant atypia with Ki67 index of 60%, focal necrosis, while metastatic nodules in the liver (12, 0.1-1.1 cm in diameter) were all high grade NENG3.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Case reports
Presenting Author: Yanfen Shi
Authors: Shi Y, Zhong D, Li Y, Niu Y, ...
#2827 Characterization of Epigenetic Modulation in Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Neoplasms
Introduction: Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PanNETs) represent a rare and heterogeneous tumor entity. Despite advances in therapy cancer progression and resistance mechanisms are still challenging. Recent genome wide sequencing analyses in PanNETs identified a large number of mutated genes involved in epigenetic modulation.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: MD Sebastian Krug
#2920 Mutation Spectrums Analysis of Colorectal Adenocarcinoma and Neuroendocrine Neoplasm Based on Same Genetic Background to Reveal Tumorigenesis
Introduction: The tumorigenesis of neuroendocrine neoplasm (NEN) are still ambiguous. The therapies of NENs in colon or rectum refer to adenocarcinomas (AC) when tumor metastasis, but the response was unsatisfactory which inspired us to explore the mutation difference.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Dr. Wen Cai
Authors: Cai W, Ge W, Wu D, Mao J, ...
#2855 Whole Exome Sequencing Reveals the Monoclonal Origin of Gastric Mixed Adenoneuroendocrine Carcinomas
Introduction: Gastric mixed adenoneuroendocrine carcinomas (g-MANECs) are rare neoplasms consisting of adenocarcinoma and neuroendocrine neoplastic components. G-MANECs show more malignant characteristics than gastric adenocarcinomas, while molecular mechanisms underlying the co-existence of the two components remains unknown.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: M.D. Shida Yan
Authors: Yan S, Chen X, Zhang R, Song L, ...
#2982 Comprehensive Molecular Analysis Identifies Driver Mutations in Metastases of Sporadic Well-Differentiated Neuroendocrine Tumours of the Small Intestine
Introduction: Small intestinal neuroendocrine tumours (SI-NETs) represent a heterogenous group of tumours. The molecular mechanisms which contribute to progression of SI-NETs are poorly elucidated. They are considered to be molecularly distinct from neuroendocrine carcinomas (NECs), which share oncogenic pathways with adenocarcinomas.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Drs Kris Samsom
#2694 The Incidence of Gastrointestinal Neuroendocrine Tumors in the Russian Population
Introduction: Over the past four decades, the incidence of neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) has increased. The limited choice of treatments, broad clinical variability of the syndrome explains the increased interest in NETs.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Epidemiology/Natural history/Prognosis - Registries, nationwide and regional surveys
Presenting Author: Alina Isiangulova