Abstract library

13 results for "upregulation".
#2905 DNA Methyltransferase Inhibitor Hydralazine Induces Upregulation of Somatostatin Type 2 Receptors in Human Neuroendocrine Tumor Cells
Introduction: Epidrugs like DNA methyltransferase inhibitors (DNMTi) can increase somatostatin receptor type 2 (SST2) expression in neuroendocrine tumor (NET) cells in vitro and in vivo. This effect could be used for NET patients with low SST2 expression who are currently ineligible for somatostatin analogue (SSA) treatment. However, the DNMTi known to stimulate SST2 have either a high toxicity profile or are not yet approved.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: Dr Julie Refardt
#2988 Epigenetic Treatment with Histone Deacetylase Inhibitor Enhances Uptake of [111In]In-DOTA-TATE by Increased SST2 Expression on Neuroendocrine Tumor Cells
Introduction: The somatostatin-2 receptor (SST2) is a target for peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) in neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). By using epigenetic drugs, which can regulate gene transcription, PRRT efficacy may be further improved due to enhanced SST2 expression.
Conference: 17th Annual ENETS Conference 2020 (2020)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs, Omics
Presenting Author: MSc Ilva Klomp
#200 Genome-Wide MicroRNA Expression in Small Intestine Neuroendocrine Tumors (“Midgut carcinoids”): Upregulation of miRNA-182, miRNA-183 and Downregulation of miRNA-215
Introduction: MicroRNAs (miRs) may regulate cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis and function as tumor suppressors or oncogenes. MiR expression is not characterized in neuroendocrine midgut carcinoids.
Conference: 8th Annual ENETS Conference (2011)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: PhD student Su-Chen Li
#462 Genome-Wide Expression Profiling Reveals Downregulation of OTP and CD44 and Upregulation of RET as Indicators of Poor Prognosis in Lung Carcinoids
Introduction: Lung carcinoids comprise a heterogeneous group of neuroendocrine tumors. Only few parameters have been identified that correlated with poor disease outcome, including 11q22-q25 deletions. New biomarkers are required to further improve diagnosis and prediction of prognosis.
Conference: 9th Annual ENETS Conference (2012)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: MSc Dorian Swarts
#976 Upregulation of Somatostatin Receptor Type 2 Expression in Neuroendocrine Tumors by Epigenetic Modulation
Introduction: The somatostatin receptor type 2 (sst2) is a target for treatment of neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). However, epigenetic mechanisms might account for the high variability in sst2 expression and treatment response between patients.
Conference: 11th Annual ENETS Conference 2014 (2014)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs
Presenting Author: MSc Marije J Veenstra
Keywords: GEP-NET, sst2, epigenetics
#629 Targeting Chaperone Activity and Chaperone Expression in Human GEP-NET Cells Can Repress Their Proliferation and Sensitize Them to Chemotherapy
Introduction: New approaches for better treatment of gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs) are acutely needed. Inhibitors of chaperone activity of heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) seem to be promising agents but they upregulate cytoprotective chaperones Hsp70 and Hsp27.
Conference: 10th Annual ENETS Conference 2013 (2013)
Category: Basic Science - mTOR and other pathways, signalling, receptors
Presenting Author: Anna Demidkina
#119 Valproic acid induces apoptosis-mediated cell death of the ileal carcinoid cell line GOT1
Introduction: Downregulation of tumor suppressor genes, evasion from apoptosis, and reduced differentiation are hallmarks of cancer that can be due to abnormal epigenetic control. Histone deacetylase (HDAC) is an enzyme involved in the deacetylation of histone proteins, resulting in chromatin remodelling and altered gene transcription. HDAC inhibitors are emerging as useful anticancer drugs.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Yvonne Arvidsson
Authors: Arvidsson Y, Ahlman H, Nilsson O, ...
#1524 Is mTOR Pathway Activity a Good Predictor for Everolimus Therapy? A Pilot Study to Build Up a Phase II Trial in Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Neoplasias (pNENs)
Introduction: Everolimus (EVE) is an approved treatment for progressive well-differentiated pNENs and usually induces stable disease. Until now, there is no reliable biomarker for the response to EVE.
Conference: 13th Annual ENETS conference 2016 (2016)
Category: Medical treatment - Targeted therapies
Presenting Author: PD Dr. Patricia Grabowski
#1850 Influence of VEGF Splicing on Microvessel Density and Architecture in Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumours
Introduction: Hypoxia in human tumours is associated with a poor prognosis and is characterized by the stabilization of HIF1α, upregulation of VEGF, and a high microvessel density (MVD). Interestingly, although pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (pNETS) showing hypoxia signalling also have a poor prognosis, they paradoxically display a low MVD. We hypothesized that this paradoxon might be explained by alternative splicing of VEGF.
Conference: 14th Annual ENETS conference 2017 (2017)
Category: Basic Science - In vitro models, tumor growth, CTCs
Presenting Author: MD Anja Maria Schmitt
Authors: Marinoni I, Naim S, Centeno I, Perren A, ...
Keywords: pNET, VEGF
#2275 Analysis of Gene Expression Patterns of Rectum Neuroendocrine Tumors (NET) Versus Healthy Tissue Reveals Alterations in the MAPK and WNT Signaling Pathways
Introduction: The neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) of the rectum are rare but increasing in incidence, by means of improved endoscopic techniques and histological reporting. They often occur as small polypoid lesions and G1, and in most cases an incidental finding at endoscopy.
Conference: 15th Annual ENETS conference 2018 (2018)
Category: Basic Science - Signaling pathways, receptors, biomarkers
Presenting Author: Dr. Franziska Briest