Multiregion Analysis Reveal Evolutionary Patterns and a Chromosomal Instability Signature in Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumours Abstract #1523

Introduction: Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs) are potentially lethal diseases that show variable degrees of proliferation and invasiveness. Although genetic subgroups have been suggested to give prognostic information the impact of clonal evolution to the development and outcome of PNETs remains unexplored.
Aim(s): To elucidate the aberrations in PNET genomes and their role in tumourigenesis and metastatic spread.
Materials and methods: An integrative analysis of mutational spectra and copy number variations in 169 PNET samples from 94 patients.
Conference: 13th Annual ENETS conference 2016 (2016)
Category: Basic Science - Genetics, epigenetics, miRNAs
Presenting Author: Joakim Crona

To read results and conclusion, please login ...

Further abstracts you may be interested in

#26 Molecular imaging of gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumours with Ga-68 DOTANOC PET/CT and correlation with an immunhistochemical quantification of somatostatin receptors using novel monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies
Introduction: Receptor PET/CT with somatostatin analogues marked with Gallium-68 (SMS-R-PET/CT) is currently the golden standard in diagnosing gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NET), which are known for an overexpression of somatostatin receptors (SSTRs).
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: Dr Daniel Kaemmerer
#62 Genome-wide DNA methylation profiling of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors identifies distinct methylation profiles and differentially methylated gene promoter regions associated with low, medium and high grade tumors
Introduction: Integration of genetics and epigenetics has emerged as a powerful approach to studying cellular differentiation (Mikkelsen et al, 2009) and tumorigenesis (Shen et al, 2007). The study of DNA methylation is of particular importance in cancer, as causal involvement has been demonstrated and it is the most stable of all epigenetic modifications, making it a desirable marker for both early detection and treatment of tumors. Hypermethylation of CpG sites in gene promoter regions leads to decreased gene expression; if such a gene is a tumor suppressor, this leads to carcinogenesis. To date, there have been no studies of genome-wide DNA methylation profiling of NETs. This study sets out to determine the DNA methylation profiles of low, intermediate and high grade pancreatic NET liver metastases with the intention of identifying dysregulated biological pathways in the development of these tumors. A protocol for the analysis formalin-fixed paraffin embedded tissue (FFPE) has also been developed in order to study these tumors in significant numbers following this pilot study.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Dr Christina Thirlwell
#79 PTOV-1 overexpression in neuroendocrine tumors: a new molecular marker
Introduction: PTOV-1 (Prostate Tumor Overexpressed-1) is a novel protein encoded by 12-exon gene localized in chromosome 19q.13.3. Recently identified as an androgen-induced gene, it is involved in prostate cell proliferation and in prostate human cancer. PTOV-1 expression has been demonstrated in neuroendocrine cells of normal prostate tissue. Preliminary data indicate that PTOV-1 can be related to flotilin, integrins and other cellular factors involved in cancer progression.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: MD INES DE TORRES
#88 EpCam expression and detection of circulating tumor cells in neuroendocrine tumors
Introduction: Using the CellSearchTM system, circulating tumor cells (CTCs) can be reproducibly enumerated according to expression of EpCAM and cytokeratins 8, 18 or 19 and the absence of the haemopoietic marker CD45. The number of CTCs detected in 7.5 mls blood has been shown to correlate with prognosis in breast, colon and prostate cancer and can predict response to therapy. Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) have not previously been reported to express EpCAM and have not been systematically assessed for presence of CTCs. We have therefore explored the expression of EpCAM in NETs and the detection of NET cells in the circulation.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: Dr Mohid S Khan
#108 Everolimus (RAD001) induces tumor response in patients with medullary thyroid cancer: an in vivo and in vitro study
Introduction: Medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) is a neuroendocrine tumor (NET) of the thyroid C cells which is known to express somatostatin receptors. Octreotide, a somatostatin analogue exerting both antisecretory and antitumor activity in different types of NETs, has shown low efficacy in MTC. Everolimus (RAD001), an inhibitor of mTOR, has shown antitumor effects in patients with NETs and synergistic effects when combined with octreotide. Until recently, RAD001 has never been evaluated in MTC.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: MD, PhD Antongiulio Faggiano