Antitumoral Effect of Everolimus in Preclinical Models of Poorly Differentiated Neuroendocrine Carcinomas Abstract #602

Introduction: For the small and large cells poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas (PDNECs) emergency treatment remains the combination cisplatin/etoposide. However, recent studies suggest that targeted therapies could be a therapeutic option for this group of highly aggressive carcinomas.
Aim(s): To evaluate the antitumor effect of everolimus, an mTOR inhibitor, in preclinical models of PDNECs.
Materials and methods: The effect of everolimus on the activity of the mTOR pathway was assessed in two endocrine tumor cell lines: STC-1 and GluTag. Grafted to immunodeficient mice, these cells induce intrahepatic tumors representative of PDNECs by their morphological characteristics, their high proliferative activity and constitutive activation of the mTOR pathway.
Conference: 10th Annual ENETS Conference (2013)
Category: Basic Science - In vitro models, tumor growth, CTCs
Presenting Author: Colette Roche

To read results and conclusion, please login ...

Further abstracts you may be interested in

#20 Paraneoplastic antigen Ma2 (PNMA2) auto-antibodies as biomarkers for early small intestine neuroendocrine tumors detection
Introduction: Small intestine neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) comprise well-differentiated NET (benign carcinoid), well-differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma (malignant carcinoid) and poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC). The majority of NET patients have developed liver metastases at the time of diagnosis and surgery is then seldom curative. Novel predictive, diagnostic and prognostic markers are thus needed to improve our capabilities to diagnose and cure these tumors. We have previously identified six novel marker genes for neuroendocrine tumor cells by using Affymetrix microarrays and advanced bioinformatics. One of this markers, the paraneoplastic antigen Ma2 (PNMA2), which is normally expressed only in nervous tissue, can in the process of carcinogenesis be detected in tumors located outside the nervous system. The finding that Ma2 is expressed in small intestine neuroendocrine primary tumors and their metastases made it interesting to screen whether antibodies against Ma2 are present in the serum of NET patients.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: PhD Valeria Giandomenico
Authors: Cui T, Elgue G, Li S C, Hurtig M, ...
#41 Immunohisochemical evaluation of EMT regulators, E- and N-cadherin in neuroendocrine Tumors of the Gastro-Entero-Pancreativ system
Introduction: Local tumor invasion represents the first step of the metastatic cascade of carcinomas, and requires changes in cell adhesion and migration properties of tumor cells. This biologic process is known as epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). One key biochemical change associated with EMT is the loss of E-cadherin expression promoted by specific transcriptional repressors such as Snail, Slug, and Twist. Overexpression of EMT inducers increases other factors, such as FoxC2, although its role in EMT is poorly understood. Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) of the gastroenteropancreatic (GEP) system, originated from the diffuse endocrine system, represent a heterogeneous group of tumors. Their prevalence has increased substantially over the past three decades, without substantial improvements in their clinical management, and their variable clinical course cannot be predicted by common clinicopathological parameters. Thus, new prognostic markers are urgently needed.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: JOSE A. GALVÁN
#42 Chemotherapy in the Treatment of Progressive, Undifferentiated Neuroendocrine Carcinomas: a Single-Center Experience.
Introduction: Treatment of poorly differentiated neuroendocrine tumors (NET) usually includes chemotherapeutic intervention. However, both the rarity and the heterogeneity of the disease have led to relatively few clinical trials. This study evaluated the outcome of two chemotherapy regimens in patients suffering from undifferentiated and histologically confirmed NET.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: Dr. Timo Deutschbein
#67 Interest of combined chromogranin A and pancreatic polypeptide for diagnosis and follow-up of gastroenteropancreatic endocrine carcinoma
Introduction: Assessment of tumor burden changes is essential for the management of well-differentiated gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine carcinoma (GEPNET). Chromogranin A (CgA) is the principal tumor marker for such tumors; however, its use to evaluate morphological tumor progression is not validated. Combined CgA and pancreatic polypeptide (PP) may increase sensitivity in the diagnosis of GEP-NET.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Dr Thomas WALTER
#87 Alterations of E-cadherin, beta-catenin and caveolin-1 expression in gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors
Introduction: Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP NETs) comprise a heterogeneous group of neoplasm with different histological patterns and biological behavior. Only limited information is available on immunohistochemical prognostic factors of disease. Alterations in the cell-cell adhesion system are closely associated with cell invasion and metastasis in many malignancies, including those of endocrine origin. Abnormal expression of E-cadherin and beta-catenin has been reported to play an important role in these processes. Caveolin-1 has recently been identified as a tumor metastasis modifier factor, which might increase the cell metastasis potential through the interaction with E-cadherin. However, the role of caveolin-1 in GEP NETs cell invasion remains unknown.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: Vera V Delektorskaya
Authors: Delektorskaya V, Chemeris G, ...