Frequent biological association of Merkel cell polyomavirus with Merkel cell carcinomas Abstract #69

Introduction: Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV) DNA has been detected by PCR in 75–100% of Merkel cell carcinomas (MCC), an aggressive neuroendocrine skin cancer. MCPyV is a 5.4 kb DNA virus that expresses tumor (T) antigen in tumor tissues.
Aim(s): To analyze which subset of MCC is biologically associated with MCPyV using various viral detection methods.
Materials and methods: Genomic DNA isolated from paraffin-embedded tissue of 61 MCC was analyzed by MCPyV-specific PCR. Using a 5kb MCPyV DNA probe, the physical status of MCPyV was determined by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using tyramide signal amplification and ApoTome microscopy. Expression of large T antigen was assessed by immunohistochemistry (IHC) using monoclonal antibody CM2B4 (kindly provided by Y. Chang).
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Dr Ernst-Jan M Speel

To read results and conclusion, please login ...

Further abstracts you may be interested in

#20 Paraneoplastic antigen Ma2 (PNMA2) auto-antibodies as biomarkers for early small intestine neuroendocrine tumors detection
Introduction: Small intestine neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) comprise well-differentiated NET (benign carcinoid), well-differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma (malignant carcinoid) and poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC). The majority of NET patients have developed liver metastases at the time of diagnosis and surgery is then seldom curative. Novel predictive, diagnostic and prognostic markers are thus needed to improve our capabilities to diagnose and cure these tumors. We have previously identified six novel marker genes for neuroendocrine tumor cells by using Affymetrix microarrays and advanced bioinformatics. One of this markers, the paraneoplastic antigen Ma2 (PNMA2), which is normally expressed only in nervous tissue, can in the process of carcinogenesis be detected in tumors located outside the nervous system. The finding that Ma2 is expressed in small intestine neuroendocrine primary tumors and their metastases made it interesting to screen whether antibodies against Ma2 are present in the serum of NET patients.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: PhD Valeria Giandomenico
Authors: Cui T, Elgue G, Li S C, Hurtig M, ...
#51 Epidemiology of the neuroendocrine tumors diagnosed in Cardarelli Hospital: a retrospective single-institution analysis of 274 cases
Introduction: Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are considered rare tumors and are characterized by their ability to produce peptides that cause typical hormonal syndromes. Neuroendocrine tumors consist of a wide spectrum of malignancies with different histology that can arise from distributed neuroendocrine cells in the body. Although these tumors are frequently indolent, they can be aggressive and resistant to therapy. Its incidence in the U.S.A has been rising in the last three decades (Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results registry). NETs are more common than generally believed.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: Dr Ferdinando Riccardi
#79 PTOV-1 overexpression in neuroendocrine tumors: a new molecular marker
Introduction: PTOV-1 (Prostate Tumor Overexpressed-1) is a novel protein encoded by 12-exon gene localized in chromosome 19q.13.3. Recently identified as an androgen-induced gene, it is involved in prostate cell proliferation and in prostate human cancer. PTOV-1 expression has been demonstrated in neuroendocrine cells of normal prostate tissue. Preliminary data indicate that PTOV-1 can be related to flotilin, integrins and other cellular factors involved in cancer progression.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: MD INES DE TORRES
#100 Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) expression analysis and therapeutic approach in lung and gastroenteropancreatic poorly differentiated endocrine carcinoma (PDEC)
Introduction: PDEC clinically include gastroenteropancreatic PDEC, small cell lung cancer (SCLC) and large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC). These tumors are clinically similar and aggressive and they are usually treated with platinum compounds. mTOR signalling pathway has emerged as a promising target for well-differentiated endocrine carcinoma therapy. Because of varying behavior, PDEC are usually excluded from clinical trials employing the mTOR inhibitor RAD001.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Basic
Presenting Author: Emilio Bajetta
#106 Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors: single institution clinicopathological study
Introduction: Neuroendocrine cells are widely distributed throughout the body, and neoplasms from these dispersed cells can arise at many sites. They are distinguished into two broad categories: 1) Tumors identified as small cell lung carcinomas with biology and natural history of a high-grade malignancy and characteristics of small cell undifferentiated or anaplastic appearance by light microscopy. The WHO categorizes these tumors as poorly-differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas; 2) Well-defined neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) with variable, but most lyindolent biologic behavior and characteristic well-differentiated histologic features. The majority arise in the gastrointestinal tract and collectively they are referred as gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP/NETs). They include carcinoid tumors, pancreatic islet cell tumors (gastrinoma, insulinoma, glucagonoma, VIPoma, somatostatinoma), paragangliomas, pheochromocytomas, and medullary thyroid carcinomas. The WHO classifies the GEP/NETs as well-differentiated NETs (carcinoid tumors) if they are noninvasive and have benign behavior or uncertain malignant potential. In contrast, GEP/NETs with characteristics of low-grade malignancy with invasion of the muscularis propria or beyond, or metastases, are characterized as well-differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas (malignant carcinoids). Pancreatic islet cell tumors, whether functioning or not, are classified as well-differentiated NETs or well-differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas, due to the (depending on) histologic characteristics. The WHO classification for gastroenteropancreatic NETs based on stage (ie size and presence of metastases) and grade (mitotic rate, perineural and lymphovascular invasion, Ki-67 proliferative index) categorizes them as well-differentiated NETs, e.g., carcinoid tumors, or as well-differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas.
Conference: 7th Annual ENETS Conference (2010)
Category: Clinical
Presenting Author: Dr Michael M. Vaslamatzis